Fundamental Electrical and Electronic Principles  book cover
3rd Edition

Fundamental Electrical and Electronic Principles

ISBN 9780750687379
Published July 22, 2008 by Routledge
304 Pages

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Book Description

Fundamental Electrical and Electronic Principles covers the essential principles that form the foundations for electrical and electronic engineering courses. The coverage of this new edition has been carefully brought in line with the core unit 'Electrical and Electronic Principles' of the 2007 BTEC National Engineering specification from Edexcel. As the book follows a logical topic progression rather than a particular syllabus, it is also suitable for other Level 3 students on vocational courses such as Vocational AS/A Level, City & Guilds courses and NVQs, as well as those taking foundation courses at pre-degree level including HNC/HND.

Each chapter starts with learning outcomes tied to the syllabus. All theory is explained in detail and backed up with numerous worked examples. Students can test their understanding with end of chapter assignment questions for which answers are provided. The book also includes suggested practical assignments and handy summaries of equations. In this new edition, the layout has been improved and colour has been added to make the book more accessible for students.

Additional electronic resources featuring supplementary worked examples and additional chapters can be found at

Table of Contents


1. Fundamentals

1.1 Units

1.2 Standard Form Notation

1.3 ‘Scientific’ Notation

1.4 Conversion of Areas and Volumes

1.5 Graphs

1.6 Basic Electrical Components

1.7 Communication

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions


2. D.C. Circuits

2.1 Resistors in Series

2.2 Resistors in Parallel

2.3 Potential Divider

2.4 Current Divider

2.5 Series/Parallel Combinations

2.6 Kirchhoff’s Current Law

2.7 Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law

2.8 The Wheatstone Bridge Network

2.9 The Wheatstone Bridge Instrument

2.10 The Slidewire Potentiometer

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


3. Electric Fields and Capacitors

3.1 Coulomb’s Law

3.2 Electrical Fields

3.3 Electrical Field Strength (E)

3.4 Electrical Flux (ψ) and Flux Density (D)

3.5 The Charging Process and Potential Gradient

3.6 Capacitance (C)

3.7 Capacitators

3.8 Permittivity of Free Space (ε0)

3.9 Relative Permittivity (ε1)

3.10 Absolute Permittivity (ε)

3.11 Calculating Capacitor Values

3.12 Capacitators in Parallel

3.13 Capacitators in Series

3.14 Series/Parallel Capacitators

3.15 Multiplate Capacitators

3.16 Energy Stored

3.17 Dielectric Strength and Working Voltage

3.18 Capacitator Types

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


4. Magnetic Fields and Circuits

4.1 Magnetic Materials

4.2 Magnetic Fields

4.3 The Magnetic Circuit

4.4 Magnetic Flux and Flux Density

4.5 Magnetomotive Force (mmf)

4.6 Magnetic Field Strength

4.7 Permeability of Free Space (μ0)

4.8 Relative Permeability (μ1)

4.9 Absolute Permeability (μ)

4.10 Magnetisation (B/H) Curve

4.11 Composite Series Magnetic Circuits

4.12 Reluctance (S)

4.13 Comparison of Electrical, Magnetic and Electrostatic Quantities

4.14 Magnetic Hysteresis

4.15 Parallel Magnetic Circuits

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


5. Electromagnetism

5.1 Faraday’s Law of Electromagnetic induction

5.2 Lenz’s Law

5.3 Fleming’s Righthand Rule

5.4 EMF Induced in a Single Straight Conductor

5.5 Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor

5.6 The Motor Principle

5.7 Force Between Parallel Conductors

5.8 The Moving Coil Meter

5.9 Shunts and Multipliers

5.10 Shunts

5.11 Multipliers

5.12 Figure of Merit and Loading Effect

5.13 The Ohmmeter

5.14 Wattmeter

5.15 Eddy Currents

5.16 Self and Mutual Inductance

5.17 Self Inductance

5.18 Self Inductance and Flux Linkages

5.19 Factors Affecting Inductance

5.20 Mutual Inductance

5.21 Relationship Between Self and Mutual Inductance

5.22 Energy Stored

5.23 The Transformer Principle

5.24 Transformer Voltage and Current Ratios

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


6. Alternating Quantities

6.1 Production of an Alternating Waveform

6.2 Angular Velocity and Frequency

6.3 Standard Expression for an Alternating Quantity

6.4 Average Value

6.5 r.m.s. Value

6.6 Peak Factor

6.7 Form Factor

6.8 Rectifiers

6.9 Half Wave Rectifier

6.10 Full Wave Bridge Rectifier

6.11 Rectifier Moving Coil Meter

6.12 Phase and Phase Angle

6.13 Phasor Representation

6.14 Addition of Alternating Quantities

6.15 The Cathode Ray Oscilloscope

6.16 Operation of the Oscilloscope

6.17 Dual Beam Oscilloscopes

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions


7. D.C. Machines

7.1 Motor/Generator Duality

7.2 The Generation of d.c. Voltage

7.3 Construction of d.c. Machines

7.4 Classification of Generators

7.5 Separately Excited Generator

7.6 Shunt Generator

7.7 Series Generator

7.8 D.C. Motor

7.9 Shunt Motor

7.10 Series Motor

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


8. D.C. Transients

8.1 Capacitor-Resistor Series Circuit (Charging)

8.2 Capacitor-Resistor Series Circuit (Discharging)

8.3 Inductor-Resistor Series Circuit (Connection to Supply)

8.4 Inductor-Resistor Series Circuit (Disconnection)

Summary of Equations

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


9. Semiconductor Theory and Devices

9.1 Atomic Structure

9.2 Intrinsic (Pure) Semiconductors

9.3 Electron-Hole Pair Generation and Recombination

9.4 Conduction in Intrinsic Semiconductors

9.5 Extrinsic (Impure) Semiconductors

9.6 n-type Semiconductor

9.7 p-type Semiconductor

9.8 The p-n Junction

9.9 The p-n Diode

9.10 Forward-biased Diode

9.11 Reverse-biased Diode

9.12 Diode Characteristics

9.13 The Zener Diode

Assignment Questions

Suggested Practical Assignments


Appendix A: S.I. Units and Quantities

Answers to Assignment Questions

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Christopher R Robertson