Fundamentals of Astronomy: 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Fundamentals of Astronomy

1st Edition

By C Barbieri

CRC Press

366 pages | 222 B/W Illus.

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Description

Providing a broad overview of foundational concepts, Fundamentals of Astronomy covers topics ranging from spherical astronomy to celestial mechanics, closing with two chapters that discuss elements of astronomical photometry and spectroscopy. Supplementary and explanatory notes at the end of each chapter provide references to material published in scientific journals, and solved and unsolved exercises allow students to review their understanding of the material. Broad in coverage, the book presents arguments from classical astronomy, such as spherical astronomy, that form the foundation for future work in the field.

Table of Contents

SPHERICAL ASTRONOMY

Elements of Plane Trigonometry

Some Properties of Plane Triangles

Elements of Spherical Trigonometry Cartesian and Polar Coordinates

Terrestrial Latitude and Longitude on the Spherical Earth

Elements of Vector Calculus

Notes

Exercises

ASTRONOMICAL REFERENCE SYSTEMS

The Alt-Azimuth System

The Hour Angle and Declination System

The Equatorial System

The Ecliptic System

The Galactic System

Notes

TRANSFORMATIONS OF COORDINATES

Transformations by Matrix Rotation

Transformations by Spherical Trigonometry

Some Examples and Applications

Exercises

THE MOVEMENTS OF THE EARTH AND THE ASTRONOMICAL TIMES

The Movements of the Earth

The Sidereal Time (ST)

The Solar Time and the Equation of Time

The Universal Time (UT)

The Tropical Year and the Rates of ST and UT

The Year and the Julian Calendar

The Besselian Year or Annus Fictus

The Seasons

The Julian Date

Notes

Exercises

THE MOVEMENTS OF THE FUNDAMENTAL PLANES

First Dynamical Considerations

The Precession of the Equinox

The Movements of the Fundamental Planes

First-Order Effects of the Precession on the Stellar Coordinates

The Nutation

Approximate Formulae for General Precession and Nutation

Newcomb's Rotation Formulae for Precession

Precession and Position Angles

Notes

Exercises

DYNAMICS OF EARTH'S ROTATION

Newton's Lunisolar Precession

The Lunisolar Torque

The Precessional Potential

The Earth's Free Rotation

Recent Developments

Notes

Exercises

ABERRATION OF LIGHT

The Solar Aberration

The Annual Aberration

Lorentz Transformations

Effects of Annual Aberration on the Stellar Coordinates

The Diurnal Aberration

Planetary Aberration

The Gravitational Deflection of Light

Notes

THE PARALLAX

The Trigonometric Parallax

The Diurnal Parallax

Solar and Lunar Parallaxes

The Annual Parallax

Secular and Dynamical Parallaxes

Notes

Exercises

RADIAL VELOCITIES AND PROPER MOTIONS

Radial Velocities

Proper Motions

Variation of the Equatorial Coordinates

Interplay between Proper Motions and Precession Constants

Astrometric Radial Velocities

Apex of Stellar Motions and Group Parallaxes

The Peculiar Motion of the Sun

Secular and Statistical Parallaxes

Differential Rotation of the Galaxy and Oort's Constants

Notes

Exercises

THE ASTRONOMICAL TIMES

The Sidereal Time ST

The Solar Time T

The Year

The Dynamical Time

The Atomic Time

Notes

Exercises

THE TERRESTRIAL ATMOSPHERE

The Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere

The Refraction

Effects of Refraction on the Apparent Coordinates

The Chromatic Refraction of the Atmosphere

Relationships between Refraction Index, Pressure and Temperature

Scintillation and Seeing

Notes

THE TWO-BODY PROBLEM

The Barycentric Treatment

The Gravitational Attraction

The Relative Movement

Planetary Masses from Kepler's Third Law

Escape Velocity

Some Considerations on Artificial Satellites

Notes

Exercises

ORBITAL ELEMENTS AND EPHEMERIDES

Kepler's Equation

Ephemerides from the Orbital Elements

Planetary Configurations and Titius -Bode Law

Orbital Elements from the Observations

Application to Visual Binary Stars

Notes

ELEMENTS OF PERTURBATION THEORIES

Perturbations of the Planetary Movements

Planet Plus Small Moon

Case Earth-Moon

The Lunar Month and the Librations

The Case Planet Plus Planet

The Restricted Circular Three-Body Problem

A Nonspherical Body Plus a Small Nearby Satellite

Other Interesting Cases

Notes

Exercise

ECLIPSES AND OCCULTATIONS

Moon's Phases

Conditions for the Occurrence of an Eclipse

Solar Eclipses

Lunar Eclipses

Besselian Elements and Magnitude of the Eclipse

Number and Repetitions of Eclipses

Stellar Occultations

Notes

Exercises

ELEMENTS OF ASTRONOMICAL PHOTOMETRY

Visual Magnitudes

Extension of the Definition of Magnitude

Extinction by the Earth's Atmosphere

The Black Body

Color Indices and Two-Color Diagrams

Calibration of the Apparent Magnitudes in Physical Units

Apparent Diameters and Absolute Magnitudes of the Stars

The Hertzsprung-Russell Diagram

Interstellar Absorption

Extension to the Bodies of the Solar System

Radiation Quantities

Notes

Exercises

ELEMENTS OF ASTRONOMICAL SPECTROSCOPY

Spectroscopic Techniques

The Analysis of the Spectral Lines

Detailed Balance and the Boltzmann Equation

The Saha Equation

Criteria of Spectral Classification of Stars

The Harvard and the MK Classification Schemes

Low Temperature Stars

Peculiarities

Relationship between the MK Classification and Photometric Parameters

Notes

Bibliography

Index

About the Author

Cesare Barbieri is Emeritus Professor of Astronomy at the University of Padova, Italy. He is one of Europe’s leading scientists in astronomical science. His team was involved in the construction of the Halley Multicolour Camera for GIOTTO and the OSIRIS camera for Rosetta; two history-making European cometary space missions. He directed the design and construction of the 3.5m Telescopio Nazionale Galileo, Italy’s largest telescope on the Canary Islands. He is also renowned for his research into the tenuous atmosphere of the Moon and Mercury with high resolution spectroscopy. He pioneered the application to astronomy of fundamental aspects of quantum optics, building single photon photometers that obtain light curves of optical pulsars of the highest quality.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI005000
SCIENCE / Astrophysics & Space Science