Fundamentals of Ceramics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fundamentals of Ceramics

1st Edition

By Michel Barsoum, M.W Barsoum

CRC Press

624 pages

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Description

Updated and improved, this revised edition of Michel Barsoum's classic text Fundamentals of Ceramics presents readers with an exceptionally clear and comprehensive introduction to ceramic science. Barsoum offers introductory coverage of ceramics, their structures, and properties, with a distinct emphasis on solid state physics and chemistry. Key equations are derived from first principles to ensure a thorough understanding of the concepts involved.

The book divides naturally into two parts. Chapters 1 to 9 consider bonding in ceramics and their resultant physical structures, and the electrical, thermal, and other properties that are dependent on bonding type. The second part (Chapters 11 to 16) deals with those factors that are determined by microstructure, such as fracture and fatigue, and thermal, dielectric, magnetic, and optical properties. Linking the two sections is Chapter 10, which describes sintering, grain growth, and the development of microstructure.

Fundamentals of Ceramics is ideally suited to senior undergraduate and graduate students of materials science and engineering and related subjects.

Reviews

"We have been using this text for our juniors ever since its first publication. While the focus of the text is ceramics, the treatment of the kinetics of materials process is highly understandable and easily applied to other materials systems. It is an excellent introduction to mass transport and phase transformations in materials."

—Lisa C. Klein, Rutgers University

"Updated and improved, this revised edition present readers with an exceptionally clear and comprehensive introduction to ceramic science."

Materials World, February 2003

Table of Contents

INTRODUCTION

Introduction

Definition of Ceramics

Elementary Crystallography

Ceramic Microstructures

Traditional Versus Advanced Ceramics

General Characteristics of Ceramics

Applications

The Future

BONDING IN CERAMICS

Introduction

Structure of Atoms

Ionic versus Covalent Bonding

Ionic Bonding

Ionically Bonded Solids

Covalent Bond Formation

Covalently Bonded Solids

Band Theory of Solids

Summary

Appendix 2A: Kinetic Energy of Free Electrons

STRUCTURE OF CERAMICS

Introduction

Ceramic Structures

Binary Ionic Compounds

Composite Crystal Structures

Structure of Covalent Ceramics

Structure of Silicates

Lattice Parameters and Density

Summary

Appendix 3A: Ionic Radii

EFFECT OF CHEMICAL FORCES ON PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

Introduction

Melting Points

Thermal Expansion

Young's Modulus and the Strength of Perfect Solids

Surface Energy

Summary

THERMODYNAMIC AND KINETIC CONSIDERATIONS

Introduction

Free Energy

Chemical Equilibrium and the Mass Action Expression

Chemical Stability Domains

Electrochemical Potentials

Charged Interfaces, Double Layers, and Debye Lengths

Gibbs-Duhem Relation for Binary Oxides

Kinetic Considerations

Summary

Appendix 5A: Derivation of Eq. (5.27)

DEFECTS IN CERAMICS

Introduction

Point Defects

Linear Defects

Planar Defects

Summary

DIFFUSION AND ELECTRICAL CONDUCTIVITY

Introduction

Diffusion

Electrical Conductivity

Ambipolar Diffusion

Relationships between Self-, Tracer, Chemical, Ambipolar, and Defect Diffusion Coefficients

Summary

Appendix 7A: Relationship between Fick's First Law and Eq. (7.30)

Appendix 7B: Effective Mass and Density of States

Appendix 7C: Derivation of Eq. (7.79)

Appendix 7D: Derivation of Eq. (7.92)

PHASE EQUILIBRIA

Introduction

Phase Rule

One-Component Systems

Binary Systems

Ternary Systems

Free-Energy Composition and Temperature Diagrams

Summary

FORMATION, STRUCTURE, AND PROPERTIES OF GLASSES

Introduction

Glass Formation

Glass Structure

Glass Properties

Glass-Ceramics

Summary

Appendix 9A: Derivation of Eq. (9.7)

SINTERING AND GRAIN GROWTH

Introduction

Solid-State Sintering

Liquid-Phase Sintering

Hot Pressing and Hot Isostatic Pressing

Summary

Appendix 10A: Derivation of the Gibbs-Thompson Equation

Appendix 10B: Radii of Curvature

Appendix 10C: Derivation of Eq. (10.20)

Appendix 10D: Derivation of Eq. (10.22)

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES: FAST FRACTURE

Introduction

Fracture Toughness

Strength of Ceramics

Toughening Mechanisms

Designing with Ceramics

Summary

CREEP, SUBCRITICAL CRACK GROWTH, AND FATIGUE

Introduction

Creep

Subcritical Crack Growth

Fatigue of Ceramics

Lifetime Predictions

Summary

Appendix 12A: Derivation of Eq. (12.24)

THERMAL PROPERTIES

Introduction

Thermal Stresses

Thermal Shock

Spontaneous Microcracking of Ceramics

Thermal Tempering of Glass

Thermal Conductivity

Summary

DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES

Introduction

Basic Theory

Equivalent Circuit Description of Linear Dielectrics

Polarization Mechanisms

Dielectric Loss

Dielectric Breakdown

Capacitors and Insulators

Summary

Appendix 14A: Local Electric Field

MAGNETIC AND NONLINEAR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES

Introduction

Basic Theory

Microscopic Theory

Para-, Ferro-, Antiferro-, and Ferrimagnetism

Magnetic Domains and the Hysteresis Curve

Magnetic Ceramics and their Applications

Piezo- and Ferroelectric Ceramics

Summary

Appendix 15A: Orbital Magnetic Quantum Number

OPTICAL PROPERTIES

Introduction

Basic Principles

Absorption and Transmission

Scattering and Opacity

Fiber Optics and Optical Communication

Summary

Appendix 16A: Coherence

Appendix 16B: Assumptions Made in Deriving Eq. (16.24)

INDEX

*Each chapter contains Problems and Additional Reading.

About the Series

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI055000
SCIENCE / Physics
SCI077000
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics
TEC021000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Material Science