Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology

The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition, 4th Edition

By Michael C. Newman, Michael C. Newman

CRC Press

680 pages | 192 Color Illus. | 192 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-12-16
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Description

An integrated analysis exploring current and relevant concepts, Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition extends the dialogue further from the previous editions and beyond conventional ecosystems. It explores landscape, regional, and biospheric topics, communicating core concepts with subjects ranging from molecular to global issues. It addresses the increasing growth and complexity of ecotoxicological problems, contains additional vignettes, and employs input from a variety of experts in the field.

Divided into 14 chapters, the book begins with an overall history of the field. It details the essential features of the key contaminants of concern today, including their sources. It examines bioaccumulation, the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization, and the regulatory aspects of the field addressing the technical issues of risk assessment. The author includes appendices illustrating important environmental laws and regulations, and compiles key terms not already identified by section headings in the glossary. He also provides suggested readings at the end of each chapter and presents study questions at the end of the book.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fourth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology, and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Reviews

"This is the ideal. Comprehensive and up to date book on how chemical affect organisms and ecosystems. By including 30 vignettes the author has succeeded in bringing independent state of the science perspectives from a variety of experts. …It is a ‘must have‘ text on the shelves of students and practitioners of ecotoxicology."

—Don Mackay, Trent University, Ontario, Canada

"This is one of the most, if not the most, comprehensive introduction to ecotoxicology available. It is a textbook about ecotoxicology in North America, but it makes a serious attempt to place the content matter in a global context by including guest authors, environmental regulations and case studies ("vignettes") from other continents and countries, such as South America, Europe, Australia, China and India. This is a major strength, especially since local pollution events have global implications. It is paramount that students of environmental science learn to appreciate the global dimension of those implications."

—Erik Muller, Marine Science Institute, UC Santa Barbara

"The text is well written, informative and complete. There is very good treatment of current issues and has an authentic feel of being relevant and timely compared to many textbooks. The text is also full of high quality and novel figures, images, and diagrams that greatly complement lecture material. I always enjoy the quotes too!"

—Christy Morrissey, University of Saskatchewan

Table of Contents

Introduction

Historic Need for Ecotoxicology

Current Need for Ecotoxicology Expertise

Ecotoxicology

Ecotoxicology: A Synthetic Science

Summary

Suggested Readings

Major Classes of Contaminants

Introduction

Major Classes of Contaminants

Summary

Background Chemistry Concepts and Definitions

Suggested Readings

Uptake, Biotransformation, Detoxification, Elimination, and Accumulation

Introduction

Uptake

Biotransformation and Detoxification

Elimination

Accumulation

Summary

Suggested Readings

Factors Influencing Bioaccumulation

Introduction

Chemical Qualities Influencing Bioavailability

Biological Qualities Influencing Bioaccumulation

Summary

Suggested Readings

Bioaccumulation from Food and Trophic Transfer

Introduction

Quantifying Bioaccumulation from Food

Inorganic Contaminants

Organic Compounds

Summary

Suggested Readings

Molecular Effects and Biomarkers

Introduction

Organic Compound Detoxification

Metallothioneins

Stress Proteins

Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Response

DNA Modification

Enzyme Dysfunction and Substrate Pool Shifts

Summary

Suggested Readings

Cells, Tissues, and Organs

Introduction

General Cytotoxicity and Histopathology

Gene and Chromosome Damage

Cancer

Gills as an Example

Liver as an Example

Summary

Suggested Readings

Sublethal Effects to Individuals

General

Selyean Stress

Growth

Development

Reproduction

Physiology

Immunology

Behavior

Detecting Sublethal Effects

Summary

Suggested Readings

Acute and Chronic Lethal Effects to Individuals

General

Dose–Response

Survival Time

Factors Influencing Lethality

Summary

Suggested Readings

Effects on Populations

Overview

Epidemiology

Population Dynamics and Demography

Metapopulations

Population Genetics

Suggested Readings

Effects to Communities and Ecosystems

Overview

Interactions Involving Two or a Few Species

Community Qualities

Ecosystem Qualities

Summary

Suggested Readings

Landscape to Global Effects

General

Landscapes and Regions

Continents and Hemispheres

Biosphere

Summary

Suggested Readings

Risk Assessment of Contaminants

Overview

Human Risk Assessment

Ecological Risk Assessment

Radiation Risk Assessment

Conclusion

Suggested Readings

Conclusions

Overview

Practical Importance of Ecotoxicology

Scientific Importance of Ecotoxicology

Appendices

Study Questions

Glossary

References

About the Authors

Michael C. Newman is a current professor of marine science at the College of William & Mary, Virginia Institute of Marine Science. His research interests include quantitative ecotoxicology, environmental statistics, risk assessment, population effects of contaminants, metal chemistry and effects, and bioaccumulation and biomagnification modeling. In addition to roughly 145 articles, he authored six books and edited another six on these topics. In 2004, the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry awarded him its Founder’s Award, "the highest SETAC award, given to a person with an outstanding career who has made a clearly identifiable contribution in the environmental sciences."

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI013000
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCI026000
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TEC010000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General