1st Edition

Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials



ISBN 9780750306898
Published June 15, 2005 by CRC Press
398 Pages

 
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Book Description

Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites.

The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed.

With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Production and Markets
Applications
Conclusions
Bibliography
Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements
Fibre Development
Organic Fibres
Glass Fibres
Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments
Carbon Fibes
Alumina-based Fibres
SiC-based Fibres
Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments
Whiskers
Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties
Conclusion
Revision Exercises
References

Organic Matrices
Introduction
Resin Structure
Matrix Mechanical Behavior
Thermosetting Matrix Systems
Thermoplastic Matrix Materials
Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites
Conclusions
Revision Exercises
References

Composite Manufacturing Processes
Introduction
Reinforcements
Resin Matrix Processes
Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture
Carbon-carbon Composites
Ceramic Matrix Composites
Revision Exercises
References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior
Introduction
Principle of Determinism
Principle of Local Action
Principle of Material Frame-indifference
Thermodynamically Admissible Processes
Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials
Material Symmetry
Monoclinic Material
Orthotropic Material
Transversally Isotropic Material
Isotropic Materials
Plane Stress Assumption
Transformation of Stresses and Strains
Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina
Conclusion
Revision Exercises
Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior
Introduction
Principles of Homogenization
Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods
Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures
"Self-consistent" Models
"Bounding" Methods
The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium
Conclusion
Revision Exercises
References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure
Fibre-matrix Load Transfer
Unidirectional reinforcement
Off-axis Loading
Crossplied Composites
Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite
Compressive Behavior
Short fibre Composites
Failure of a Composite
The Process of Crack Propagation
Conclusion
Revision Exercises
References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites
Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures
First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis
Three-Dimensional Approach
Conclusions
Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites
Introduction
The Ply Strength Constants
Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion
Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space
Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria
Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates
Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials
Conclusions
Revision Exercises
References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling
Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach
Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking
Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination
Fibre Breakage
Conclusion
Revision Exercises
References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials
Introduction
The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites
Fatigue Deterioration of Composites
Environmental Aging
Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites
Ceramic Matrix Composites
Conclusions
Revision Exercises
References

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