Fundamentals of Picoscience: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Fundamentals of Picoscience

1st Edition

Edited by Klaus D. Sattler

CRC Press

756 pages | 20 Color Illus. | 749 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2013-09-26
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Now ubiquitous in public discussions about cutting-edge science and technology, nanoscience has generated many advances and inventions, from the development of new quantum mechanical methods to far-reaching applications in electronics and medical diagnostics. Ushering in the next technological era, Fundamentals of Picoscience focuses on the instrumentation and experiments emerging at the picometer scale.

One picometer is the length of a trillionth of a meter. Compared to a human cell of typically ten microns, this is roughly ten million times smaller. In this state-of-the-art book, international scientists and researchers at the forefront of the field present the materials and methods used at the picoscale. They address the key challenges in developing new instrumentation and techniques to visualize and measure structures at this sub-nanometer level. With numerous figures, the book will help you:

  • Understand how picoscience is an extension of nanoscience
  • Determine which experimental technique to use in your research
  • Connect basic studies to the development of next-generation picoelectronic devices

The book covers various approaches for detecting, characterizing, and imaging at the picoscale. It then presents picoscale methods ranging from scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to spectroscopic approaches at sub-nanometer spatial and energy resolutions. It also covers novel picoscale structures and picometer positioning systems. The book concludes with picoscale device applications, including single molecule electronics and optical computers. Introductions in each chapter explain basic concepts, define technical terms, and give context to the main material.


"It is a nice blend of theory and experiment that provides the reader with an excellent understanding of how picoscience is an extension of nanoscience, provides ideas for experimentation, and shows how basic studies can lead to new applications and devices. … a very well-written text, loaded with excellent illustrations, figures, images, and experimental examples …"

IEEE Electrical Insulation Magazine, March/April 2015

"… impresses with its exceptional organization. It is aimed at any and all scientists or budding scientists who are interested in being introduced to the endless and fascinating field of picoscience and pico-imaging. It is a must-read for its field and beyond."

Contemporary Physics, 2014

"Do we already have instruments to probe below the nano-range? How can we develop new instruments to visualize and measure structures at the subnanometer size? Answers to these and other questions are given in this book, Fundamentals of Picoscience. … The editor has done excellent job in selection of section themes and organising the chapters in an appropriate manner. The literature survey is very exhaustive and effort has been made to list references in full measure … I hope the research community will welcome this book …"

—H.S. Virk, Current Science

Table of Contents

Picoscale Detection

Picometer Detection by Adaptive Holographic Interferometry

Umberto Bortolozzo, Stefania Residori, Jean-Pierre Hiugnard, and Alexei A. Kamshilin

Single Atom in an Optical Cavity: An Open Quantum System

John D. Close, Rachel Poldy, Ben C. Buchler, and Nicholas P. Robins

Measurements of Subnanometer Molecular Layers

Maciej Kokot

Electrostatic Potential Mapping in Electron Holography

Lew Rabenberg

Picoscale Characterization

Interferometric Measurements at the Picometer Scale

Marco Pisani

Protein Crystallography at Subatomic Resolution

Tatiana Petrova and Alberto Podjarny

X-Ray Optics: Toward Subnanometer Focusing

Christian G. Schroer

Picoscale Imaging

Imaging Small Molecules by Scanning Probe Microscopy

Shirley Chiang

Neutron Holographic Imaging with Picometer Accuracy

László Cser, Gerhard Krexner, Márton Markó, and Alex Szakál

Subnanometer-Scale Electron Microscopy Analysis

Sergio Lozano-Perez

Atomic-Scale Imaging of Dielectric Point Defects

Clayton C. Williams

Picometer-Scale Dynamical Single-Molecule Imaging by High-Energy Probe

Yuji C. Sasaki

Scanning Probe Microscopy

Atomic-Resolution Frequency Modulation

Takeshi Fukuma

Theory for Picoscale Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Jouko Nieminen

Electrochemical STM: Atomic Structure of Metal/Electrolyte Interfaces

Knud Gentz and Klaus Wandelt

Cold-Atom Scanning Probe Microscopy: An Overview

Andreas Günther, Hendrik Hölscher, and József Fortágh

Atomic Resolution Ultrafast Scanning Tunneling Microscope

Qingyou Lu

Electron Orbitals

Imaging Atomic Orbitals with the Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Alexander N. Chaika, Sergey I. Bozhko, and Igor V. Shvets

STM of Quantum Corrals

Akira Tamura

Attosecond Imaging of Molecular Orbitals

David M. Villeneuve

Picoscale Electron Density Analysis of Organic Crystals

Yusuke Wakabayashi

Atomic-Scale Magnetism

Atomic-Scale Magnetism Studied by Spin-Polarized Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Oswald Pietzsch and Roland Wiesendanger

Atomic and Molecular Magnets on Surfaces

Harald Brune and Pietro Gambardella

Spin Inelastic Electron Spectroscopy for Single Magnetic Atoms

Aaron Hurley, Nadjib Baadji, and Stefano Sanvito


Ferromagnetism in One-Dimensional Atomic Chains

Jisang Hong

Carbon Atomic Chains

Igor M. Mikhailovskij, Evgenij V. Sadanov, and Tatjana I. Mazilova

Single-Atom Electromigration in Atomic-Scale Conductors

Masaaki Araidai and Masaru Tsukada

Picometer Positioning

Picometer Positioning Using a Femtosecond Optical Comb

Mariko Kajima

Detection of Subnanometer Ultrasonic Displacements

Tomaž Požar and Janez Možina

Picometer-Scale Optical Noninterferometric Displacement Measurements

Ezio Puppin

Direct Observation of the X-Ray-Induced Atomic Motion

Akira Saito

Picoscale Devices

Mirrors with a Subnanometer Surface Shape Accuracy

Maria Mikhailovna Barysheva, Nikolay Ivanivich Chkhalo, Aleksei Evgenievich Pestov, Nikolay Nikolaevich Salashchenko, Mikhail Nikolaevich Toropov, and Maria Vladimirovna Zorina

Single Molecule Electronics

Simon J. Higgins and Richard J. Nichols

Single-Atom Transistors for Light

Andrew Scott Parkins

Carbon-Based Zero-, One-, and Two-Dimensional Materials for Device Application

Young Kuk

Subnanometer Characterization of Nanoelectronic Devices

Pierre Eyben, Jay Mody, Aftab Nazir, Andreas Schulze, Trudo Clarysse, Thomas Hantschel, and Wilfried Vandervorst

Chromophores for Picoscale Optical Computers

Heinz Langhals


About the Editor

Klaus D. Sattler is a professor of physics at the University of Hawaii, where his research group obtained the first atomic-scale images of carbon nanotubes and produced the first carbon nanocones. His current work focuses on nanodiamonds, graphene quantum dots, and solar photocatalysis with nanoparticles for the purification of water. Dr. Sattler has been a recipient of the German Physical Society’s Walter Schottky Prize. He received a PhD from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH).

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Nuclear Physics
SCIENCE / Physics