1st Edition

Gangs and Organized Crime

ISBN 9781138614772
Published July 10, 2018 by Routledge
520 Pages 69 B/W Illustrations

USD $84.95

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Book Description

In Gangs and Organized Crime, George W. Knox, Gregg W. Etter, and Carter F. Smith offer an informed and carefully investigated examination of gangs and organized crime groups, covering street gangs, prison gangs, outlaw motorcycle gangs, and organized crime groups from every continent. The authors have spent decades investigating gangs as well as researching their history and activities, and this dual professional-academic perspective informs their analysis of gangs and crime groups. They take a multidisciplinary approach that combines criminal justice, public policy and administration, law, organizational behavior, sociology, psychology, and urban planning perspectives to provide insight into the actions and interactions of a variety of groups and their members. This textbook is ideal for criminal justice and sociology courses on gangs as well as related course topics like gang behavior, gang crime and the inner city, organized crime families, and transnational criminal groups. Gangs and Organized Crime is also an excellent addition to the professional’s reference library or primer for the general reader. More information is available at the supporting website – www.gangsandorganizedcrime.com

Table of Contents

Chapter 1. Gang and Organized Crime History and Foundations

Chapter 2. Los Angeles Area Street Gangs

Chapter 3. Chicago Area Street Gangs

Chapter 4. Outlaw Motorcycle Gangs

Chapter 5. Prison Gangs

Chapter 6. Females in the Gang World

Chapter 7. Gangs and Violence

Chapter 8. Gangs and the Military

Chapter 9. Asian, East Asian, and African Organized Crime

Chapter 10. Italian Organized Crime

Chapter 11. Russian and other European Organized Crime

Chapter 12. Drug and Other Trafficking Organizations in the Americas

Chapter 13. Investigation and Prosecution of Gangs and Organized Crime Groups

Appendix A Gang Expert Questions

Appendix B Points (proposed) for objective determination of gang affiliation

Appendix C Gang Member Renunciation

Appendix D Gang Laws in the United States


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Dr. George W. Knox authored the first full textbook on gangs in 1991 (An Introduction to Gangs) and the book National Gang Resource Handbook (1995). He has co-authored several other gang books: Hate Crime and Extremist Gangs (with Gregg Etter, 2008); Gang Profiles: An Anthology (with Curtis Robinson, 2004); The Vice Lords: A Gang Profile Analysis (with Andrew V. Papachristos, 2002); and Schools Under Siege (1992). He has contributed about 10 book chapters and has over 50 journal publications, mostly on gang issues. He is the founder and executive director of the National Gang Crime Research Center and editor-in-chief of the Journal of Gang Research. He has done gang research for over 30 years, and taught gang courses for 22 years.

Dr. Gregg W. Etter, Sr., Ed.D., is an Associate Professor of Criminal Justice at the University of Central Missouri. Prior to academic life, he had law enforcement experience with the Sedgwick County Sheriff’s Office. He has written extensively and presented classes on gangs, white supremacist groups, and police management topics in the United States and Canada. He is a member of the American Society of Criminology, the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, and the National Sheriff’s Association. He is a multiple recipient of the Frederic Milton Thrasher Award and is an editor of the Journal of Gang Research. He is the co-author of Hate Crime and Extremist Gangs (Knox and Etter, 2008). He has about 20 journal publications.

Dr. Carter F. Smith, J.D., Ph.D., is a retired U.S. Army CID Special Agent and has been with the Department of Criminal Justice Administration at Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, since 2006. He is the author of Gangs and the Military: Gangsters, Bikers, and Terrorists with Military Training (2017), a multiple recipient of the Frederic Milton Thrasher Award and is an editor of the Journal of Gang Research. He received a law degree from Southern Illinois University–Carbondale and a Doctorate of Philosophy from Northcentral University in Prescott Valley, Arizona.


…[T]he work offers high quality gang scholarship by academic experts with varying degrees of on the street and investigative experience that helps to better ground the work. It would be highly useful for both undergraduate and graduate level courses in criminal justice as well and may provide background material for law enforcement and military investigators and related personnel.

--Small Wars Journal, 2019 

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