1st Edition

Gas Sensors Manufacturing, Materials, and Technologies

    338 Pages 162 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book covers the whole range of gas sensing aspects starting from basics, synthesis, processing, characterization, and application developments. All sub-topics within the domain of gas sensors such as active materials, novel nanomaterials, working mechanisms, fabrication techniques, computational approach, and development of microsensors, and latest advancements such as the Internet of Things (IoT) in gas sensors, and nanogenerators, are explained as well. Related manufacturing sections and proposed direction of future research are also reviewed.


    • Covers detailed state-of-the-art specific chemiresistive sensing materials.
    • Presents novel nanomaterial platforms and concepts for resistive gas sensing.
    • Reviews pertinent aspects of smart sensors and IoT sensing.
    • Explains nanotechnology-enabled experimental findings, and future directions of smart gas sensing technology.
    • Explores implication of latest advancements such as IoT in gas sensors, and nanogenerators.

    This book is aimed at academic researchers and professionals in sensors and actuators, nanotechnology, and materials science.

    Part I Fundamentals to Gas Sensors

    1. Insights to Gas Sensors: From Fundamentals to Technology

    Ankur Gupta, Vinay Kishnani, Mahesh Kumar, Rajeev Kumar Singh, and Shantanu Bhattacharya

    2. Theoretical Studies of Nanomaterials-Based Chemiresistive Gas Sensor

    Gulshan Verma and Ankur Gupta

    3. Resistive Sensors: Fundamentals to Applications

    Ruma Ghosh

    Part II Fabrication Aspects of Gas Sensors

    4. Micro-Manufacturing Processes for Gas Sensors

    Pankaj Singh Chauhan, Shantanu Bhattacharya, Aditya Choudhary, and Kanika Saxena

    5. Electrodeposited Functional Platforms for Gas Sensing Applications

    Hrudaya Jyoti Biswal, Pandu R. Vundavilli, and Ankur Gupta

    Part III Sensing Platform in Gas Sensors

    6. Heterojunction-Based Gas Sensors

    Neeraj Goel, Rahul Kumar, and Mahesh Kumar

    7. Carbon Nanotubes: Fabrication and their Gas Sensing Applications

    Anindya Nag and Subhas Mukhopadhyay

    8. III Nitrides for Gas Sensing Applications

    Arun K. Prasad

    9. One-Dimensional Nanostructures for Gas Sensing Applications

    Gulshan Verma and Ankur Gupta

    10. Functional 2D Nanomaterials for Selective Detection/Sensing of Hydrogen Gas: An Overview

    Waseem Ashraf, Manika Khanuja, Abid Hussain, and P. K. Kulriya

    11. ZnO Nanostructures-Based Resistive Gas Sensors: Sensing Mechanism and Sensor Response Enhancement Approaches

    Sapana Ranwa and Mahesh Kumar

    12. Gas Sensors Based on SnO2 Nanomaterials toward Hazardous Gases Detection

    Rongjun Zhao, Xuechun Xiao, Lihong Wang, and Yude Wang

    13. Metal Oxide Nanostructures for Gas Sensing Applications

    Anoop Mampazhasseri Divakaran and Kunal Mondal

    Part IV The Emerging Paradigm in Gas Sensing Technology

    14. Triboelectric Nanogenerators: A Viable Route to Realize Portable/Implantable Gas Sensors

    A.S.M. Iftekhar Uddin

    15. Internet of Things (IoT)-Assisted Gas Sensing Technology

    Gulshan Verma, Ankur Gupta, and Shantanu Bhattacharya

    16. Electronic Nose: Pathway to Real-Time Gas Sensing Paradigm

    Gulshan Verma, Mahesh Kumar, Ankur Gupta, and Shantanu Bhattacharya


    Ankur Gupta is presently an Assistant Professor at Indian Institute of Technology Jodhpur. He received his PhD degree in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. As foremost credentials, he has over 50 research contributions including a patent, various international journal papers, various book chapters, a co-edited book and over 30 invited talks/presentations across the globe in the area of microsystems fabrication and sensing applications. He has won first prize in Electron Microscopy Contest held in 2013 & 2014. He got selected by DST to participate in "2nd BRICS Young Scientist Conclave" held at Zhejiang University, China in 2017. He received "ISEES Young Scientist Award-2017" and "IEI Young Engineer Award 2020" from Institution of Engineers (India) in the Production division. His research work was presented in various international forums held in USA (MRS, California), Canada, Indonesia, China as well as in various IITs and other reputed institutes within in the nation.

    Mahesh Kumar has received M.Sc degree in Physics from University of Rajasthan, M.Tech degree in Solid State Materials from IIT Delhi and Ph.D degree in Engineering from IISc Bangalore. He worked at Central Research Laboratory of Bharat Electronics Ltd. (CRL-BEL) Bangalore as Scientist from 2005 to 2013. He has received INSA Medal for Young Scientists-2014 by Indian National Science Academy, the MRSI Medal-2016 by Materials Research Society of India, DAE-Young Achiever Award-2016 by BRNS (Department of Atomic Energy), ISSS Young Scientist Award 2017 by the Institute for Smart Structures and Systems, YSAP mission award 2019 by Global Young Academy and PHSS Foundation Young Scientist Award 2018-19 by Prof. H. S. Srivastava Foundation. He is founding Member and served as Chair of Indian National Young Academy of Sciences. He has published more than 100 research articles. His research interests are focused on 2D materials, Nanomaterials, Sensors, Semiconductor materials and devices.

    Rajeev Kumar Singh is working as Associate Professor (Mechanical Engineering) in Amity University Uttar Pradesh Noida UP since 2017. He had worked as Associate Professor (Mechanical Engineering) in Glocal University, Saharanpur from 2014 to 2017. Prior to this, he was working as Assistant Professor (Sr. Grade) in PSG Institute of Advanced Studies, Coimbatore TN from 2013 to 2014. Dr. Rajeev Kumar Singh has worked in faculty position in Northern India Engineering College, Lucknow from 2000 to 2007. Apart from this, he has also worked in Nagpur Alloy Casting Limited, Nagpur MS and Crown Brass Pvt. Ltd., Bahadurgarh Distt. Jhajjar HR. Dr. Rajeev Kumar Singh has completed Ph.D. in Mechanical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur in 2014; M. Tech. in Mechanical Engineering (Industrial Systems Engineering) from Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology, Sultanpur UP in 2007 and B.E. (Mechanical Engineering) from Yeshwant Rao Chavan College of Engineering, Nagpur in 1992.

    Shantanu Bhattacharya is a distinguished Professor in department of mechanical engineering at IIT Kanpur. He has a substantial experience and expertise in the area of Microfluidics and BioMEMS for the last almost 15 years. He has setup a state-of-the-art Microsystems Fabrication Laboratory at the Department of Mechanical Engineering at the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur. He completed his PhD degree from University of Missouri, Columbia. He has worked in various areas like Micromixers, Micro pumps. Integrated detection of Microorganisms using pre-concentration/ quantification and PCR step, DNA electrophoresis of capillaries and surfaces, Microfluidic damper technology, sensing films, integrated gene delivery systems.