Judicial Education has greatly expanded in common law countries in the past 25 years. More recently it has become a core component in judicial reform programs in developing countries with gender attentiveness as an element required by donor agencies. In civil law jurisdictions judges´ schools have long played a role in the formation of the career judiciary with a focus on entry to the judicial profession, in some countries judges get an intensive in-service education at judicial academies. Gender questions, however, tend to be neglected in the curricula.
These judicial education activities have generated a significant body of material and experience which it is timely to review and disseminate. Questions such as the following require answers. What is the current state of affairs? How is judicial education implemented in developed and developing countries all around the world? Who are the educators? Who is being educated? How is judicial education on gender regarded by judges? How effective are these programs?
The chapters in this book deal with these questions. They provide a multiplicity of perspectives. Six countries are represented, of these four are civil law countries (Germany, Argentina, Japan, Bosnia and Herzegovina) and two are common law countries (Canada; Uganda). This book was previously published as a special issue of International Journal of the Legal Profession.
Table of Contents
Introduction: Gender and judicial education
T. Brettel Dawson, Ulrike Schultz & Gisela Shaw
1. Judicial education on social context and gender in Canada: principles, process and lessons learned
T. Brettel Dawson
2. Neglect of gender questions at the vocational stage of judicial education in Uganda
Maureen Owor & Harriet D. Musoke
3. Introducing gender training in judicial education in Japan to support the judiciary
4. Japanese judicial education: working toward gender equality in the judiciary
5. Gender stereotypes and attitudes within the judiciary of Bosnia and Herzegovina: a case for increased awareness and education
Heather Huhtanen & Majda Halilović
6. Gender training for the judiciary in Argentina
7. Raising gender awareness of judges – elements for judicial education in Germany
8. Judicial education on ‘gender awareness’ in Australia
9. Without fear or favour, affection or ill will: addressing gender bias in NSW judicial education
Ulrike Schultz is retired Senior Academic at the FernUniversität in Hagen, Germany. She specializes in questions of gender and law, the sociology of the legal profession, and didactics and professional communication. She has taken part in many international socio-legal projects, and conducted large empirical studies on women lawyers and judges.
T. Brettel Dawson is an Associate Professor in the Department of Law and Legal Studies, Carleton University; Ottawa, Canada. She was associated with Canada’s National Judicial Institute between 1999-2016 and was its Academic Director and Director of Education. She is a past Co-editor of the Canadian Journal of Women and the Law.
Gisela Shaw is Emeritus Professor in German Studies, and has worked in philosophy, literature and legal sociology. She was awarded a personal chair at the University of the West of England (Bristol, UK), where she held the post of Director of Research for Modern Languages and European Studies.