Multiculturalism is a concept that has been stretched to include a variety of political conditions, mainly in countries that have liberal democratic political systems and traditions. In this North/South ‘comparison’ we illuminate remedies pursued by governments and various political interests to address the binary. Women’s bodies and rights, and performances of femininity and masculinity often form the battleground of debates of multiculturalism and accommodation of cultural rights in both hemispheres. Tensions of culture and rights may not be the same everywhere. An interesting point of comparison is in the treatment of liberalism – often assumed in the global North to be the universal norms to be defended, whereas in the global South, liberalism itself may be viewed as the problem. Colonial histories are fraught with discriminatory legislation aimed at accommodating indigenous populations, in some cases reinforcing misogynist readings of indigenous or minority cultures and providing a trade-off for more structural redistributive justice through, for example, land reform.
This book will show how varied and complex the embodiment of multiculturalism as a political practice, or policy discourse in different political contexts can be, and how often the outcome of multicultural discourses creates a binary between culture and universal human rights. The aim of this book is to grapple with dislodging this binary.
This book was published as a special issue of Politikon.
Table of Contents
1. Gender and Multiculturalism—Dislodging the Binary between Universal Human Rights and Culture/Tradition: North/South Perspectives 2. In the Name of What? Defusing the Rights-Culture Debate by Revisiting the Universals of Both Rights and Culture 3. Multiculturalism in South Africa: Dislodging the Binary between Universal Human Rights and Culture/Tradition 4. Territorial Pluralism and Family-Law Reform: Conflicts between Gender and Culture Rights in Federations, North and South 5. Beyond the Limitations of the Impasse: Feminism, Multiculturalism, and Legal Reforms in Religious Family Laws in India 6. Muslim Women and Human Rights: Does Political Transformation Equal Social Transformation? 7. Masculinities without Tradition 8. Reading the Racial Subtext of the Québécois Accommodation Controversy: An Analytics of Racialized Governmentality 9. Worrier Nation: Quebec’s Value Codes for Immigrants 10. Marking modernity: gender, bodies and politics in contemporary South African debates 11. ’Honour Killing’ in the Immigration Context: Multiculturalism and the Racialization of Violence Against Women
Amanda Gouws is Professor of Political Science at the University of Stellenbosch, South Africa. Her research focuses on women and citizenship, women’s representation and multiculturalism. She has published widely in these areas. In 2012 she received the Wilma Rule Award from the International Political Science Association for her paper on gender and multiculturalism.
Daiva Stasiulis is Professor of Sociology at Carleton University in Ottawa, Canada. Her current research examines the nexus between citizenship and migration in the Lebanese diaspora. She has published widely on transnationalism; migration and gender; Canadian policies of multiculturalism, immigration and anti-racism; and globalization and social movements.