This book examines gender and professions in the 21st century. Historically the professions encompassed law, medicine and the church, all of which excluded women from participation. Industry and the 20th century introduced new professions such as engineering and latterly information technology skill and, whilst the increase in credentialism and accreditations open up further avenues for professions to develop, many of the ‘newer’ professions exhibit similar gendered characteristics, still based on a perceived masculine identity of the professional workers and the association of the professional with high level credentials based on university qualifications. In contrast, professions such as teaching and nursing, characterized as women’s professions which reflected women’s socially acceptable role of caring, developed as regulated occupations from the late 19th century.
Since the 1970s and the women’s movements, anti-discrimination and equal opportunity legislation and policies have aimed to break down the gendered bastion of the professions and grant women entry. With growing numbers of women employed in a range of professions and the political importance of gender equality gaining prominence globally, Gender and the Professions also considers how women and men are faring in a diverse range of professional occupations.
Aimed at researchers, academics and policy makers in the fields of Professions, Gender Studies, Organizational Studies and related disciplines. Gender and the Professions provides new insights of women’s experiences in the professions in both developed and less developed countries and in professions less often explored.
1. Introduction: Inequality Regimes and the Gendered Professional Context
Geraldine Healy, Kaye Broadbent, and Glenda Strachan
2. Does Gender Equality at Work Have an Age Dimension? A Study of the Queensland Public Service
3. Academic Staff on Insecure Contracts and the Interplay of Gender in Australian Universities
Kaye Broadbent, Glenda Strachan and Robyn May
4.The Gendered Law Profession: The Perceptions and Experiences of Women Partners and Men Managing Partners
Irene Ryan and Judith K. Pringle
5. Gender, Architecture and Recession in Spain
Elena Navarro-Astor and Valerie Caven
6. Academics at the Intersection of Age and Gender: A Ghanaian Experience
Cynthia Forson, Moira Calveley, Steven Shelley and Christeen George
7. Gender and Migration: The Experiences of Skilled Professional Women
Susan Ressia, Glenda Strachan and Janis Bailey
8. Clergywomen in the UK: Implications of Professional Calling
9. Women in Information Technology in Sri Lanka: Careers and Challenges
Arosha Adikaram and Pavithra Kailasapathy
10. Multiplicity of "I’s": STEM-professional Women in the Canadian Space Industry
11.Will the Head of Engineering Please Stand Up? The Under-representation of Women in Engineering
Susan Durbin and Ana Lopes
12. Gender Experiences in a Female-dominated Industry: The Case of Nurses in Thailand
Uraiporn Kattiyapornpong and Anne Cox
Although still a fairly young field, the study of gender and organizations is increasingly popular and relevant. There are few areas of academic research that are as vibrant and dynamic as the study of gender and organizations. While much earlier research has focused on documenting the imbalances of women and men in organizations, more recently, research on gender and organizations has departed from counting men and women. Instead research in this area sees gender as a process: something that is done rather than something that people are. This perspective is important and meaningful as it takes researchers away from essentialist notions of gender and opens the possibility of analysing the process of how individuals become women and men. This is called ‘gendering’, ‘practising gender’, ‘doing gender’ or ‘performing gender’ and draws on rich philosophical traditions.
Whilst Routledge Studies in Gender and Organizations has a broad remit, it will be thematically and theoretically committed to exploring gender and organizations from a constructivist perspective. Rather than focusing on specific areas of organizations, the series is to be kept deliberately broad to showcase the most innovative research in this field. It is anticipated that the books in this series will make a theoretical contribution to the field of gender and organization based on rigorous empirical explorations.