1st Edition

General Analytical Chemistry Electrochemical Analysis Methods

By Jean-Louis Burgot Copyright 2024
    442 Pages 227 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This book is devoted to the quantitative electrochemical methods of analysis in solution. A theoretical knowledge of each method is discussed. The methods are illustrated with several examples covering a wide range of types of analysis. The book is divided in three parts. The first one is introductory. It recalls some definitions and some basic concepts of electrochemistry. The second part describes the methods themselves. Are studied voltametric methods, amperometry, potentiometry, conductometry, the electrogravimetry and coulometry. Some chapters are also dedicated to the chemical and electrochemical sensors. The third part consists in a supplementary theoretical knowledge of each method.

    Preface. Acknowledgment. GENERALITIES. Thermodynamics and Equilibrium. Recallings and Definitions Concerning the Electrochemical Cells. Present Views on the Interface Metal/Solution. More on the Potential of an Electrode. Kinetics of the Electrode Reaction. A Qualitative Study of the Current-Potential Curves. Nernst’s Equation–Electrode Potentials–Electrochemical Potentials. Equation of Butler–Volmer. Transport Phenomena in Solution: Diffusion. Limiting-Intensity-Real Current-Potential Curves-Consequences of the Stationary State of Activation-Diffusion. Reversible and Irreversible Systems. Electrochemical Indicators. Forecasting Electrochemical Reactions at the Electrodes. Forecasting Electrochemical Reactions in an Electrochemical Cell: Conditions of Electrolysis. Transports by Migration. Current-Potential Curves During a Chemical Reaction. Techniques Based on Concept of Impedance: Impedance Spectroscopy. ELECTROCHEMICAL METHODS OF ANALYSIS. Conventional Polarography. Pulse Voltammetry. Chronoamperometry. Cyclic Voltammetry. Voltammetric Methods by Redissolution: Stripping Analysis. Voltammetry at Ultramicroelectrodes. Amperometry. Conductometry. Generalities on Potentiometry. Definitions and PH Determination. Potentiometry with Chemical Sensors: Ion Selective Electrodes (I.S.E). Potentiometric Titrations. Chronopotentiometry. Electrogravimetry—Separation by Electrolysis. Coulometry. Chemical Sensors (Following). Electrochemical Biosensors. Electrochemical Detectors in Liquid Chromatography. APPENDICES. Voltage Measurements. Obtention of the Butler—Volmer’ S Equation. Laplace Transforms. Fick’s Laws of Diffusion. Fresnel’s Rule. Cottrell’s Equation and Extensions. Polarography: Ilkowic’s Equation. Quantitative Relationships in Pulse Differential Polarography. Electrochemical Methods of Analysis Grounded on the Linear Sweeping of Potential Equation of Randles–Sevcik. Elimination of the Migration Current. Potential of Liquid Junction: Eisenmann–Nikolskii's Relation. Henderson’s Equation. Equation of Michaelis–Menten. Quantitative Aspects Applying to the Amperometric and Potentiometric Enzymatic Biosensors. General Bibliography. Glossary Electrochemical. Index.

    Biography

    Jean-Louis Burgot, Pharmacist, PhD in organic chemistry and PhD in analytical chemistry – thermometric titrimetry, formerly Professor in Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmaceutical and Biological Sciences of University of Rennes 1. His research interests and publications involve the synthesis and study of the physico-chemical properties of 1,2-Dithiole-3-thiones and derivatives, and the determination of thermodynamic and kinetic constants of pharmacologically active compounds. He has published seven books in French and English.