In this book some of the leading stratification scholars in the U.S. present empirical and theoretical essays about the institutional contexts that shape careers. Building on recent advances in theory, data, and analytic technique, the essays in this volume work toward the goal of identifying and assessing the processes by which a birth cohort is distributed in the stratification system, given their positions of origin in that system. Alan Kerckhoff's introduction situates the studies in this volume within the context of previous stratification research over several generations, making the book an invaluable resource for scholars and graduate students.
Table of Contents
Preface -- Conceptualizing Careers and Stratification Processes -- Structuration and Individualization: The Life Course as a Continuous, Multilevel Process -- Social Psychological Aspects of Achievement -- Building Conceptual and Empirical Bridges between Studies of Educational and Labor Force Careers -- Educational Contexts and Processes -- Educational Stratification and Individual Careers -- Educational Tracking during the Early Years: First Grade Placements and Middle School Constraints -- Peer Social Networks and Adolescent Career Development -- School Choice and Community Segregation: Findings from Scotland -- Educational Processes and School Reform -- Education and Labor Force Linkages -- Educational Credentials and the Labor Market: An Inter-Industry Comparison -- Education, Earnings Gain, and Earnings Loss in Loosely and Tightly Structured Labor Markets: A Comparison between the United States and Germany -- Education and Credentialing Systems, Labor Market Structure and the Work of Allied Health Occupations -- Creating Capitalists: The Social Origins of Entrepreneurship in Post-Communist Poland -- Social System Contexts -- The Politics of Mobility -- Stratification and Attainment in a Large Japanese Firm -- Changing Contexts of Careers: Trends in Labor Market Structures and Some Implications for Labor Force Outcomes