Genocide, Ethnonationalism, and the United Nations examines a series of related crises in human civilization growing out of conflicts between powerful states or empires and indigenous or stateless peoples. This is the first book to attempt to explore the causes of genocide and other mass killing by a detailed exploration of UN archives covering the period spanning from 1945 through 2011. Hannibal Travis argues that large states and empires disproportionately committed or facilitated genocide and other mass killings between 1945 and 2011. His research incorporates data concerning factors linked to the scale of mass killing, and recent findings in human rights, political science, and legal theory. Turning to potential solutions, he argues that the concept of genocide imagines a future system of global governance under which the nation-state itself is made subject to law. The United Nations, however, has deflected the possibility of such a cosmopolitical law. It selectively condemns genocide and has established an institutional structure that denies most peoples subjected to genocide of a realistic possibility of global justice, lacks a robust international criminal tribunal or UN army, and even encourages "security" cooperation among states that have proven to be destructive of peoples in the past.
Questions raised include:
- What have been the causes of mass killing during the period since the United Nations Charter entered into force in 1945?
- How does mass killing spread across international borders, and what is the role of resource wealth, the arms trade, and external interference in this process?
- Have the United Nations or the International Criminal Court faced up to the problem of genocide and other forms of mass killing, as is their mandate?
Table of Contents
Introduction. 1: Expansive Empire and Political Tyranny 2: Theorizing Ethnonationalist Violence 3: The Large Country Syndrome 4: Genocide and the Security Council 5: Ethnonationalist Entrepreneurship within the U.N. Framework 6: A New Cosmopolitical Order? Conclusion.
Hannibal Travis teaches and conducts research in the fields of cultural and intellectual property, international and comparative law, and human rights law. He serves as Associate Professor of Law and the Interim Associate Dean for Information Resources and Director of the Law Library at Florida International University College of Law. He joined FIU after several years practicing law in California and New York. He has also served as Visiting Associate Professor of Law at Villanova University School of Law, and as a Visiting Fellow at Oxford.
"With a global gaze and cosmopolitan sensibility, Hannibal Travis identifies the genocidal conjunctures of the postwar world in the instability of over-sized polities and their tendency to interfere destructively in the affairs of countries whose resources they crave. As a creature of this system, and especially the United Nations Security Council, the UN is indicted for its woeful record of prevention and punishment of genocide. Travis presents a bleak picture of our time whose only mitigation is the thin reed of the law. Sober yet hopeful, this book is a major achievement."
—A. Dirk Moses, European University Institute
"You have to love as well as be impressed with Travis’ combination of good old-fashioned high quality scholarship with a love of human life, human rights, and decency that reach out to and inspire the reader. Travis follows in the footsteps of the great Leo Kuper’s The Prevention of Genocide (1985). He tells the truths of how ethnonationalism and imperialism over and over again prove stronger than a law of nations so long as a robust international criminal tribunal and a robust UN army have not come in to being. A highly recommended and memorable study."
—Israel W. Charny, Executive Director of the Institute on the Holocaust and Genocide, Jerusalem