The twentieth century has been labelled the ‘century of genocide’, and according to estimates, more than 250 million civilians were victims of genocide and mass atrocities during this period. This book provides one of the first regional perspectives on mass atrocities in Asia, by exploring the issue through two central themes.
Bringing together experts in genocide studies and area specialists, the book looks at the legacy of past genocides and mass atrocities, with case studies on East Timor, Cambodia and Indonesia. It explores the enduring legacies of trauma and societal divisions, the complex and continuing impacts of past mass violence, and the role of transitional justice in the aftermath of mass atrocities in Asia. Understanding these complex legacies is crucial for the region to build a future that acknowledges the past. The book goes on to consider the prospects and challenges for preventing future mass atrocities in Asia, and globally. It discusses both regional and global factors that may impact on preventing future mass atrocities in Asia, and highlights the value of a regional perspective in mass atrocity prevention.
Providing a detailed examination of genocide and mass atrocities through the themes of legacies and prevention, the book is an important contribution to Asian Studies and Security Studies.
Introduction Deborah Mayersen and Annie Pohlman Part 1: The Legacies of Atrocities in Asia 1. An Ongoing Legacy of Atrocity: Torture and the Indonesian State Annie Pohlman 2. International Civil Society as Agent of Protection: Responses to the Famine in East Timor Clinton Fernandes 3. Maximizing Transitional Justice Opportunities: The Case of East Timor’s CAVR Heather Castel 4. Transitional Justice Time: Uncle San, Aunty Yan, and Outreach at the Khmer Rouge Tribunal Alex Hinton 5. Humanitarian Intervention and the Legacies of Security Council (In)action: East Pakistan (1971) and East Timor (1976-1979) Phil Orchard Part 2: Preventing Genocide and Mass Atrocities in Asia and Globally 6. Political Realism, Sovereignty and Intervention: Is Genocide Prevention Really Possible in a World of Sovereign States? Paul Bartrop 7. Political Instability and Genocide: Comparing Causes in Asia and the Pacific and Globally Benjamin Goldsmith, Dimitri Semenovich and Arcot Sowmya 8. Discourses on Violence: Constraints and Challenges for Mediators in Asia Dale Bagshaw and Damien Coghlan 9. ‘Never Again’ or Again and Again: The Genocide Convention, the Responsibility to Protect and Mass Atrocity Prevention Deborah Mayersen 10. Conclusion Deborah Mayersen and Annie Pohlman