Geographical Thought: An Introduction to Ideas in Human Geography, 1st Edition (Paperback) book cover

Geographical Thought

An Introduction to Ideas in Human Geography, 1st Edition

By Anoop Nayak, Alex Jeffrey

Routledge

360 pages

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Description

Geographical Thought provides a clear and accessible introduction to the key ideas and figures in human geography. The book provides an essential introduction to the theories that have shaped the study of societies and space. Opening with an exploration of the founding concepts of human geography in the nineteenth century academy, the authors examine the range of theoretical perspectives that have emerged within human geography over the last century from feminist and marxist scholarship, through to post-colonial and non-representational theories. Each chapter contains insightful lines of argument that encourage readers towards independent thinking and critical evaluation.

Supporting materials include a glossary, visual images, further reading suggestions and dialogue boxes.

Table of Contents

1. Geographies of Empire: The Imperial Tradition

Introduction

Empire, imperialism and colonialism

Defining terms

Portuguese and Spanish empires

British Empire

The institionalisation of geography

From ‘fabulous’ to ‘militant’ geography

The Royal Geographical Society

The Societé Géographie de Paris (SGP)

Environmental determinism: climate and race

Environmental determinism and the Panama Canal

Criticisms and dissent

Conclusions

2. The Quantitative Revolution

Introduction

The origins of the quantitative revolution

Political reasons

The quantitative revolution

Positivism

The assumption of neutrality

The absence of politics

The uniformity of human subjects

The legacy of the quantitative revolution

Conclusions

3. Humanistic Geographies

Introduction

Humanistic geography and the challenge to positivism

Extension

Revision

Phenomenology and existentialism

Phenomenology

Existentialism

Humanistic geography in focus: the work of Yi-Fu Tuan

The challenge to humanism

Structure agency

Feminist geography

Conclusions

4. Marxist Radical Geographies

Introduction

Karl Marx

Key Marxist ideas

Historical materialism

The economic base

The superstructure

Ruling ideas

Class struggle

Class consciousness

Commodity fetishism

Radical geography

The ‘turn’ to Marxism

Marxist geography and spatial constructions of class

The political ecology of Marxism

The limits of Marxism

Future horizons

Conclusions

5. Human Geography and the Cultural Turn

Introduction

The meaning of culture

Early traditions of cultural geography

New maps of meaning: British Cultural Studies

Working-class histories

Youth subcultures

Race, ethnicity and nationalism

Popular culture and media theory

The new cultural geography

Landscape as text

The cultural turn from the margins to the centre

Institutionalising cultural geography

Recasting political and economic geography through the cultural turn

Rematerialising culture, reclaiming the social

Conclusions

6. Feminist Geographies

Introduction

First and second wave feminism

First wave feminism

Second wave feminism

Political perspectives of feminism

Radical feminism

Socialist feminists

Establishing feminist geography

Making women visible

Absence from departments and publications

The enduring masculinist rationality of geography

Divergent strategies of resistance

Practicing feminist geography

Qualitative methods

Research position

Collaborative practice

Rethinking gender

7. Geographies of Sexuality

Introduction

Engaging with the object of research

Heteronormativity

Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud

Discursive: Michel Foucault

Performativity: Judith Butler

Geographies of sexuality

Mapping sexuality

Sexuality and space

Heterosexuality

The politics of sexuality

The politics of the discipline

Sexual citizenship

Conclusions

8. Geography, Ethnicity and Racialisation

Introduction

The idea of race

Cultural racisims

Geography and the shadow of empire

Mapping and monitoring race

Urban cultural geographies of ‘race’

Geographies of rural racism

Turning to whiteness

Anti-racist geographies: subverting a white discipline

Conclusions

9. Post-modern Geographies

Introduction

Modernism and modernity

Post-modernity: an historical moment

Post-modernism: a critical practice

Jean-François Lyotard – grand narratives

Michel Foucault – discourse and power

Jacques Derrida – deconstruction

Jean Baudrillard – simulation, simulacra and hyper-reality

Post-modernism: a stylistic phenomena

Art, commercialism and the cult of celebrity

Architecture and the built environment

Geographical engagements: theory, method and practice

Theory

Method

Practice

Post-modern criticisms

Conclusions

10. Critical Geo-politics

Introduction

Origins of geo-politics

Mackinder

Haushofer

Bowman

Decline of geo-politics

Critical geo-politics

Political context

Formal, practical and popular geo-politics

Beyond critical geo-politics

Anti-geo-politics

Normative geo-politics

Conclusions

11. Post-colonial Geographies and the Colonial Present

Introduction

Understanding post-colonialism

Post-colonial geographies

Imaginative geographies: the work of Edward Said

Critiquing Orientalism

Splitting race objects: the work of Frantz Fanon

Blackness, whiteness and psychoanalysis

Undoing race

Geographical contribution

Hybridity and the third space: the work of Homi Bhabha

Colonial stereotypes

Cultural hybridity

Critiquing hybridity

Doing post-colonial geographies

Visual methods and post-colonial spectacle

Post-colonial economic geographies

Conclusions

12. Emotions, Embodiment and Lived Geographies

Introduction

A crisis of representation? Cultural geography and non-representational theory

Understanding affect

Towards ‘more-than-representational-' geographies

Reinvigorating landscape

The problem of performance

Conclusions

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI030000
SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Geography
SOC015000
SOCIAL SCIENCE / Human Geography