1st Edition

# Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses Proceedings of the 2018 European Rock Mechanics Symposium

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**Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses** contains contributions presented at EUROCK 2018, the 2018 International Symposium of the International Society for Rock Mechanics (ISRM 2018, Saint Petersburg, Russia, 22-26 May 2018). Dedicated to recent advances and achievements in the fields of geomechanics and geotechnology, the main topics of the book include:

- Physical and mechanical properties of fractured rock (laboratory testing and rock properties, field measurements and site investigations)

- Geophysics in rock mechanics

- Rock mass strength and failure

- Nonlinear problems in rock mechanics

- Effect of joint water on the behavior of rock foundation

- Numerical modeling and back analysis

- Mineral resources development: methods and rock mechanics problems

- Rock mechanics and underground construction in mining, hydropower industry and civil engineering

- Rock mechanics in petroleum engineering

- Geodynamics and monitoring of rock mass behavior

- Risks and hazards

- Geomechanics of technogenic deposits

**Geomechanics and Geodynamics of Rock Masses **will be of interest to researchers and professionals involved in the various branches of rock mechanics and rock engineering. EUROCK 2018, organized by the Saint Petersburg Mining University, is a continuation of the successful series of ISRM symposia in Europe, which began in 1992 in Chester, UK.

VOLUME 1

**Key lectures**

Advancement of geomechanics and geodynamics at the mineral ore mining and underground space development *V. Litvinenko*

Complete laboratory experimentation on hydraulic fracturing *H.H. Einstein, O. Al-Dajani, B. Gonçalves da Silva, G. Bing Li & S. Morgan*

Strength and deformability of brittle polycrystalline materials in multiaxial stress-strain state: Rupture energy evaluation for brittle materials *E.G. Gaziev*

Anisotropic and nonlinear properties of rock including fluid under pressure *I. Gray, X. Xhao & L. Liu*

Dynamic rock support in burst-prone rock masses *C.C. Li*

Deep mining rock mechanics in China—the 3rd mining technology revolution *M. He*

Diagnostics and prediction of geomechanical objects state based on back analysis *L. Nazarova*

Rock mechanics and environmental engineering for energy and geo-resources *F.L. Pellet*

The development of geomechanical engineering in mining *V.L. Trushko, I.B. Sergeev & A.N. Shabarov*

**Review papers**

Geodynamic safety of subsurface management *A.N. Shabarov & S.V. Tsirel*

Methods and approaches to geomechanical ensuring of mining safety at potash mines *A.A. Baryakh & V.A. Asanov*

The Ural scientific school of geomechanics: Fundamental and applied research *S.V. Kornilkov, A.D. Sashourin & A.A. Panzhin*

Geomechanical substantiation of mining in rockburst-hazardous deposits *A.A. Kozyrev, V.I. Panin & I.E. Semenova*

The researches of burst-hazard on mines in Russian Far East *I.Ju. Rasskazov, B.G. Saksin, M.I. Potapchuk & P.A. Anikin*

Modeling geomechanical and geodynamic behavior of mining-altered rock mass with justifying mechanisms of initiation and growth of failure zones *V.N. Zakharov & O.N. Malinnikova*

**Physical and mechanical properties of fractured rock**

Determination of the errors arising from apparatus and operator during applying the point load index *D. Akbay & R. Altindag*

Determination of rock deformability using the coastal sections of concrete dams as a large-scale stamp *E.S. Argal & V.M. Korolev*

Characterization of hydromechanical damage of claystones using X-ray tomography *C. Auvray & R. Giot*

Creation of regional database of physical-and-mechanical characteristics of man-induced dispersed soils *S.P. Bakhaeva & D.V. Guryev*

Analysis of crack initiation and crack damage of metamorphic rocks with emphasis on acoustic emission measurements *K. Bartmann & M. Alber*

Comparison between conventional and multi-sensor geotechnical core logging methods *M. Bhuiyan & K. Esmaieli*

Graphical evaluation of 3D rock surface roughness: Its demonstration through direct shear strength tests on Bátaapáti Granites and Mont Terri Opalinus Claystones *I. Buocz, N. Rozgonyi-Boissinot & Á. Török*

Feasibility study on the influence of discontinuities on anisotropic rock masses regarding the stiffness *A. Buyer, L. Gottsbacher & W. Schubert*

The effect of mining layout, regional pillars and backfill support on delaying expected shaft deformation at Bambanani mine *P.M. Couto*

Fractured clay rocks as a surrounding medium of underground structures: The features of geotechnical and hydrogeological assessment *R.E. Dashko & P.V. Kotiukov*

New methods to fit a Hoek Brown failure criterion to data sets from multiaxial laboratory tests *A. Defay & S. Maiolino*

Application of a new clustering method for automatic identification of rock joint sets *S. Fereshtenejad & J.-J. Song*

Experimental evidences of thermo-mechanical induced effects on jointed rock masses through infrared thermography and stress-strain monitoring *M. Fiorucci, G.M. Marmoni, S. Martino & A. Paciello*

A correlation between thermal conductivity and P-wave velocity of damaged granite *P.K. Gautam, A.K. Verma, P. Sharma & T.N. Singh*

Characterization of shear behavior of discontinuities of Brioverian schist *S. Guiheneuf, D. Rangeard, V. Merrien-Soukatchoff & M.-P. Dabard*

Effects of stress, anisotropy and brittle-to-ductile transition on fracturing and fluid flow in shales *M. Gutierrez*

Geomechanical characterization of the upper carboniferous under thermal stress for the evaluation of a High Temperature-Mine Thermal Energy Storage (HT-MTES) *F. Hahn, T. Jabs, R. Bracke & M. Alber*

Investigating the mechanism contributing to large scale structurally driven hangingwall instabilities on the UG2 reef horizon *A.G. Hartzenberg & M. du Plessis*

Strength estimation of fractured rock using compression—a specimen with spherical indenters *V.A. Korshunov, D.A. Solomoychenko & A.A. Bazhukov*

Measurements of thermal properties of rock samples under high temperature conditions *W. Lin, O. Tadai, T. Sugimoto, T. Hirose, W. Tanikawa & Y. Hamada*

Static and dynamic effective stress coefficient of St. Peter sandstone during depletion and injection *X. Ma & M.D. Zoback*

Jointed rock mass characterization using field and point-cloud data *M. Marjanović, M. Pejić, J. Krušić & B. Abolmasov*

New failure criterion for rocks by using compression tests *C.G. Nicieza, M.I.Á. Fernández, C.C.G. Fernández, R.F. Rodríguez & J.R.G. Menéndez*

Ore strength property evaluation in the design of ore preparation cycles *N.V. Nikolaeva, T.N. Aleksandrova & A.M. Elbendari*

Geomechanical behaviour of a rock barricade and cemented paste backfill: Laboratory experiments on a reduced-scale model *M. Nujaim, C. Auvray & T. Belem*

Multivariate Artificial Neural Network (ANN) models for predicting uniaxial compressive strength from index tests *B.S. Othman, N.T. Özcan, A. Kalender & H. Sönmez*

Investigation of scale effects on uniaxial compressive strength for Kars-Kagızman Rock Salt, Turkey *I. Ozkan & Z. Kızıltaş*

Practical aspects of boundary condition selection on direct shear laboratory tests *T.R.M. Packulak, J.J. Day & M.S. Diederichs*

Experimental studies of saliferous rock direct tension *I. Pankov, V. Asanov, V. Kuzminykh & I. Morozov*

Understanding tilt-test results on saw-cut planar rock surfaces from a statistical perspective *I. Pérez-Rey, L.R. Alejano, J. Martínez, M. Muniz & J. Muralha*

The use of InSAR as a tool to manage precursor ground displacement in rock masses *J. Raventós, C. Sánchez & A. Conde*

Correlations of geomechanical indices for Andean environments *S.S. Rodríguez, J.D.L. Valero & C.L. Gómez*

Thermal behavior of Indian shale rock after high temperature treatment *S. Sardana, A.K. Verma, M.K. Jha & P. Sharma*

Swelling pressures of some rocks using different test procedures *L. Selen, K.K. Panthi & M.R. Vergara*

The implementation of de-stress gold mining technique along complex geological structures and heavily fractured ground conditions *F. Sengani & T. Zvarivadza*

The use of face perpendicular preconditioning technique to destress a dyke located 60 m ahead of mining faces *F. Sengani & T. Zvarivadza*

Prospects of the physical model-based study of geomechanical processes *A.N. Shabarov, B.Yu. Zuev & N.V. Krotov*

Long term creep pressuremeter tests in soft rock (St. Petersburg, Russia) *A. Shidlovskaya, J.-L. Briaud, M. Chedid & S. Tafti*

Reviewing length, density and orientation data of fractures in a granitic rock mass *G. Somodi, Á. Krupa, L. Kovács & G. Szujó*

Change in elastic properties of hard rocks passing from thawed to frozen state *S.V. Suknev*

Tensile behavior of rock under intermediate dynamic loading for Hwangdeung granite and Linyi sandstone *Y. Wicaksana, S. Jeon, G. Min & S. Cho*

Development of a rock blasting management system *M. Yamagami & S. Katayama*

Experimental study on damaged zone around an opening due to thermo-mechanical loading *N. Zhang, S. Jeon & S. Wang*

Ground closure monitoring systems on trial in deep to ultra-deep mechanized gold mining *T. Zvarivadza & F. Sengani*

**Geophysics in rock mechanics**

Study of factors behind rock slope displacement at Higashi Shikagoe limestone quarry, Japan *C.N. Bandazi, R. Uy, J.-i. Kodama, Y. Fujii, D. Fukuda, H. Iwasaki & S. Ikegami*

Seismic measurements to recognize rock mass damaging induced by recurrent vibrations *D. D’Angio, R. Iannucci, L. Lenti, S. Martino & A. Paciello*

Dynamic investigations of EDZs from Bátaapáti radwaste repository based on passive seismoacoustic measurements *F. Deák & I. Szűcs*

Reactivation of the old landslide caused by the land development—the case study *L. Florkowska, I. Bryt-Nitarska, R. Gawałkiewicz & R. Murzyn*

Rock stress assessment based on the fracture induced electromagnetic radiation *V. Frid & S.N. Mulev*

Modern principles of nondestructive stress monitoring in mine workings—overview *V. Frid & A.N. Shabarov*

Empirical-Statical-Dynamic (ESD) methodology for extrapolation in rock mechanics *M. Jovanovski, I. Peshevski & J. Papic*

State-of-the-art damage assessment methods for brittle rock using digital image correlation and infrared thermography *M. Karakus, S. Akdag, L.S. Randhawa, Y. Zhao & Z. Cao*

The increasing of exploitation safety of potassium salt deposit based on geologicalgeomechanical simulation *Yu. Kashnikov, A. Ermashov, D. Shustov & D. Khvostantcev*

Effect of viscosity of fault filling on stick-slip dynamics of seismogenic fault motion: A numerical approach *S. Kostić, N. Vasović & I. Franović*

Integrated seismic measurement techniques to determine the velocity distribution near underground drifts at the Sanford Underground Research Facility (SURF) *W.M. Roggenthen*

Geophysical monitoring as an inherent part of the technological process in deep open pits *V.V. Rybin, V.I. Panin, M.M. Kagan & K.N. Konstantinov*

Changes in the time of the properties of rock foundations of large hydraulic structures according to geophysical monitoring data *A.I. Savich, E.A. Gorokhova & M.M. Ilin*

Recovery of in-situ orientation of drilled rock core samples for crustal stress measurements *T. Sugimoto, Y. Yamamoto, W. Lin, Y. Yamamoto, T. Hirose & N. Kamiya*

Monitoring and analysis of a large mass movement area in clay endangering a motorway in Bavaria, Germany *L. Wilfing, C. Meier, C. Boley & T. Pfeifer*

**Rock mass strength and failure**

On a model of geomechanical effect of underground explosion in the massif of block-like structure and the mechanism of rock destruction *V.V. Adushkin, I.V. Brigadin & S.A. Krasnov*

Effect of thermal damage on strain burst mechanism of brittle rock using acoustic emission *S. Akdag, M. Karakus, A. Taheri, G. Nguyen & H. Manchao*

Gel explosives—a tool to improve the efficiency of drilling and blasting operations *V.E. Annikov, N.I. Akinin, V.A. Belin, D.I. Mikheev, S.I. Doroshenko, I.V. Brigadin, V.M. Gubaidullin, A.V. Shirokov, A.N. Hasov & V.M. Mytarev*

Dynamical destruction of rock mass due to excavation of a coal seam *A.S. Batugin, V.N. Odintsev, K.S. Kolikov & Eu.I. Hotchenkov*

Quantitative assessment of variability in values of Geological Strength Index (GSI) *A. Bedi, M. Invernici & J.P. Harrison*

The effect of stress level on the compressive strength of the rock samples subjected to cyclic loading *M.H. Beşer & K. Aydiner*

Normandy cliff stability: Analysis and repair *J.-L. Briaud*

Analytical formulation of stand-up time based on 1989 Beniawski’s chart *E. Estébanez & A. Lage*

Assessing the influence of discontinuities and clayey filling materials on the rock slope instability *D. Fereidooni*

Laboratory investigation of crack initiation on hourglass-shaped granite specimens *L. Jacobsson & J.E. Lindqvist*

Comparison of different approaches to predict the shear strength of large rock discontinuities *M. Jeffery, L. Lapastoure Gritchou, A. Giacomini, V. Griffiths & O. Buzzi*

Effects of excavation damage on the electrical properties of rock mass *P. Kantia, R. Kiuru & M. Rinne*

Study of physical-mechanical properties of hard rocks under water-saturated conditions *N. Kuznetcov, I. Fedotova & A. Pak*

On the effectiveness of rocks and materials destruction based on shock-wave cutting technology *N.P. Mikhailov, E.A. Znamenskiy, S.I. Doroshenko, Y.A. Telegin, I.V. Brigadin, V.M. Gubaidullin & G.P. Paramovov*

Modelling of fault reactivation in applications of mining and petroleum industry *R. Quevedo, C. Mejia & D. Roehl*

Acoustic emission precursor criteria of rock damage *A.O. Rozanov, D.N. Petrov, A.M. Rozenbaum, A.A. Tereshkin & M.D. Ilinov*

Numerical simulation of stress distribution within a rock discontinuity asperity *A. Sainoki, Y. Obara & H.S. Mitri*

Thermo-temporal behaviour of uniaxial compressive strength of a fine-grained Indian sandstone *N. Sirdesai, V. Srinivasan, R. Singh & T.N. Singh*

Acoustic and failure behaviour of Gondwana shale under uniaxial compressive and indirect Brazilian tensile loading—an experimental study *A. Tripathy, V. Srinivasan, K.K. Maurya, N. Sirdesai & T.N. Singh*

Rocks drillability classification based on comparison of physico-mechanical properties with drilling rate timing *A. Trofimov, A. Rumyantsev, V. Vilchinsky, K. Breus & A. Skokov*

About specific energy intensity behavior under multistage triaxial compression of sandstone specimens *P.A. Tsoi, O.M. Usol’tseva & V.N. Semenov*

The relationship between strain, microstrain, temperature fields and microseismic emission parameters in geomodels with hole under uniaxial and biaxial loading *V.I. Vostrikov, O.M. Usol’tseva, P.A. Tsoi, V.N. Semenov & O.A. Persidskaya*

Monitoring of coal pillars yielding during room and pillar extraction at the great depth *P. Waclawik, R. Kukutsch, P. Konicek & V. Kajzar*

**Nonlinear problems in rock mechanics**

Ultimate bearing capacity analysis of foundation on rock masses using the Hoek-Brown failure criterion *A.A. Chepurnova*

Conception of highly stressed rock and rock mass—as the step to theory of hierarchical cracking mesostructures *M.A. Guzev, V.V. Makarov & V.N. Odintsev*

Zonal type mesostructures around single openings in deep rock mass *L.S. Ksendzenko & V.V. Makarov*

Models of strength and fracture of rocks *A.G. Protosenya & M.A. Karasev*

**Geophysics in rock mechanics**

Tunnel restoration in unstable rock masses: Numerical analysis and validation of monitoring data from innovative instrumentation *A. Segalini, A. Carri, R. Savi, E. Cavalca, C. Alessio & G. Kalamaras*

Forecast of rock mass stability under industrial open pit mine facilities during the open pit deepening. A case study of the Zhelezny open pit, JSC Kovdorsky GOK *I.M. Avetisian & I.E. Semenova*

Benefits and limitations of applying directional shear strengths in 2D and 3D limit equilibrium models to predict slope stability in highly anisotropic rock masses *N. Bar, G. Weekes & S. Welideniya*

Mathematical modelling of limit states for load bearing elements in room-and-pillar mining of saliferous rocks *A. Baryakh, S. Lobanov, I. Lomakin & A. Tsayukov*

Quantitative risk analysis of fragmental rockfalls: A case study *J. Corominas, G. Matas & R. Ruiz-Carulla*

Experimental and numerical investigation the divergence of horizontal and vertical displacement in longwall mining *E.T. Denkevich, O.L. Konovalov & M.A. Zhuravkov*

Numerical analysis of the rheological behaviour of the Socompa debris avalanche, Chile *F. Vagnon, M. Pirulli, I. Manzella, K. Kelfoun & A.M. Ferrero*

Numerical study on the strategies to reduce the risk of induced seismicity in an enhanced geothermal system *W. Feng, Z. Hou, J. Liao & P. Were*

The reasons of landslides activization at Sakhalin Island (on the example of landslide exploration at the river Lazovaya) *I.K. Fomenko, D.N. Gorobtsov, V.V. Pendin & M.E. Nikulina*

Prediction of rock movements using a finite-discrete element method *B. Ilyasov, A. Makarov & I. Biryuchiov*

Simulation of fracture propagation depth and failure in long hole open stoping *P.J. le Roux & K.R. Brentley*

Hydraulically fractured hard rock aquifer for seasonal storage of solar thermal energy *M. Janiszewski, B. Shen & M. Rinne*

Peculiarities of numerical modeling of the conditions for the formation of water inflows into open-pit workings when constructing the protective watertight structures at the Koashvinsky quarry *S. Kotlov, D. Saveliev & A. Shamshev*

Numerical study of the hydraulic fracturing and energy production of a geothermal well in Northern Germany *M. Li, M.Z. Hou, L. Zhou & Y. Gou*

A mathematical approach for prediction of inclinometer measurements in open-pit coal mine slopes *M. Mesutoglu & I. Ozkan*

Comparison of limit equilibrium and finite element methods to slope stability estimation *A.B. Makarov, I.S. Livinsky, V.I. Spirin & A.A. Pavlovich*

Analyzing slope stability in bimrocks by means of a stochastic approach *M.L. Napoli, M. Barbero & C. Scavia*

3D finite element modelling of fracturing in heterogeneous rock: From pure solid to coupled fluid/solid analysis *R. Pakzad, S. Wang & S.W. Sloan*

Global sensitivity analysis on thermo-hydro-mechanical coupled processes in a low strength sedimentary rock *S. Parsons, G. Stuart, B. Murphy & D. Price*

The effect of rock mass stiffness on crush pillar behaviour *M. du Plessis & D.F. Malan*

Discrete element modelling of a soil-mesh interaction problem *A. Pol, F. Gabrieli, K. Thoeni & N. Mazzon*

Numerical modelling of fracture processes in thermal shock weakened rock *M. Pressacco & T. Saksala*

Static and dynamic analysis of a rock slope in Sikkim: A case study *N.R. Kallam & M.K. Adapa*

Finite-element analysis as a means of solving geomechanics problems in deep mines *A.E. Rumyantsev, A.V. Trofimov, V.B. Vilchinsky & V.P. Marysiuk*

Numerical modelling of rock fracture with a Hoek-Brown viscoplastic-damage model implemented with polygonal finite elements *T. Saksala*

Numerical modeling and back analysis method for optimal design of Butterfly Valve Chamber (BVC) of Tehri HPP *D.V. Singh, R.K. Vishnoi, T.S. Rautela, U.D. Dangwal & A.K. Badoni*

3D finite element modelling of chain-link drapery system *S. Tahmasbi, A. Giacomini, C. Wendeler & O. Buzzi*

Analysis of instability mechanisms of a high rock prism standing on a cliff face *L. Verrucci, P. Tommasi, A.D. Giulio, P. Campedel & T. Rotonda*

The propagation of hydraulic fractures in coal seams based on discrete element method *Y. Lu, Z. Yang, V.V. Shelepov, J. Han, X. Li, Y. Zhu, J. Guo & Z. Ma*

The influence of the interface of drilled socketed shafts and rock mass on their behavior *M.G. Zertsalov, V.E. Merkin & I.N. Khokhlov*

The determination of crack resistance of circular shaped fiber reinforced concrete tunnel lining by means of linear fracture mechanics *M. Zertsalov, V. Merkin & E. Khoteev*

Kinematics and discreet modelling for ramp intersections *T. Zvarivadza & F. Sengani*

VOLUME 2

**Mineral resources development: Methods and rock mechanics problems**

Prediction of excavation damaged zone in underground blasts using artificial neural networks *A. Asadi, A. Abbasi & E. Asadi*

Using large-scale geotechnical modelling to solve mining tasks at a gold-copper mine *I. Avramov, T. Velkov, I. Garkov, D. Stefanov & I. Georgakiev*

Geotechnical data management and visualization systems: Meeting the data challenge of the 21st century and maximizing value for open pit mines *N. Bar, S. Nicoll, M. Reynolds & D. Bran*

On sinkhole formation at the site of fresh water breakthrough into salt mine *A.A. Baryakh, S.Y. Devyatkov & A.K. Fedoseev*

Experimental and theoretical studies of undermined strata deformation during room and pillar mining *A. Evseev, V. Asanov, I. Lomakin & A. Tsayukov*

Progressive damages in hard rock by utilising an oscillating undercut technology *M. Ghamgosar, S. Duffield & N. Erarslan*

An integrated geostatistical-geomechanical approach for predicting potential risk of failure in pit walls *N. Ghasempour, K. Esmaieli & H. Eivazy*

A new method on extraction of two thick seams simultaneously on extremely difficult ground condition—a case study *C.N. Ghosh, Prashant, P.K. Mandal & S.K. Behera*

The study and test on the development regularity of the mining speed of coal seam separated from the overburden strata *G. Yu, B. Yu, S. Lu, S. Yuan, I.V. Menshova, M. Kovalenko, Y. Qing & X. Zeng*

Rock mechanics implications of microwave treatment of rock as part of a hybrid system for mechanical excavation of rock for civil and mining applications *P. Hartlieb & J. Rostami*

Subsidence assessment of ghaplogh stope and pillar mine by using numerical analysis *Y. Jalili Kashtiban, K. Shahriar & E. Bakhtavar*

Geomechanical evaluation of the parameters of the open-stoping method for the Oleniy Ruchey deposit *A.A. Kozyrev, I.E. Semenova & A.V. Zemtsovskii*

Experience of geomechanical research and calculations toward ore deposit development in complex mining conditions *A. Kuranov, I. Bagautdinov, A. Popov, V. Marysiuk & V. Trusov*

Rock mechanics of pillars extraction *A. Makarov & D. Mosyakin*

The need for formal rock engineering expertise in deep mining *J. Maritz & H. Wagner*

Geomechanical substantiation of calculate indicators of the rock mass strength for slopes stability analysis of open pit *A.A. Pavlovich, V.A. Korshunov, S.V. Tsirel, N.YA. Melnikov & A.A. Bazhukov*

Forecast of probability of shock hazard in conditions of underground development of Zarmitan gold deposit zones *S. Sayyidkosimov & A. Kazakov*

Bioleaching and engineering properties of ore materials (overview) *A.V. Shidlovskaya, A.A. Timchenko & M.E. Smith*

DEM modeling of the ore discharge from blocks *A.V. Trofimov, I.V. Amosov, A.Ju. Feoktistov & G.A. Iusupov*

Formation of technogenic zones of effective degassing at development of coal-bed *V.V. Zubkov & I.A. Zubkova*

Zones of technogenic water-conducting cracks by room-and-pillar mining *V.V. Zubkov & I.A. Zubkova*

Evaluation of factors influencing the effectiveness of backfill support in mechanized deep to ultra-deep gold mining *T. Zvarivadza & F. Sengani*

**Rock mechanics and underground construction in mining, hydropower industry and civil engineering**

Mixed Face Conditions (MFC) in hard rock TBM drives—causes, effects and solutions *M. Alber, R. Plinninger & J. Düllmann*

Plunge pool project and implementation at the Lom Pangar dam site (Cameroon) *F. D’Alessandro, M. L’Hostis, C. Grouset & J.-C. Yogo*

The earth settlements prediction method due to tunnels construction through tunnel boring machines with active face support pressure based on multivariate numerical modelling *N.A. Belyakov*

Stress corrosion failure of cable bolts in underground mines *H. Chen, H. Miller, S. Wu, H.L. Ramandi, A. Crosky & S. Saydam*

Preliminary results of gypsum mechanical characterization *C. Caselle, S.M.R. Bonetto, F. Vagnon & D. Costanzo*

Water inflow prediction in tunneling on the base of geostructural survey *M. Coli, N. Coli, A. Pinzani, G. Pranzini & M. Tanzini*

Multivariable effect of hydrogeological conditions on the long-term stability of structures on a rock foundation *R.E. Dashko & Y.A. Lebedeva*

Analysis and comparison of the measurements of Fréjus road tunnel and of its safety gallery *M. De La Fuente, R. Taherzadeh, J. Sulem & D. Subrin*

Geomechanical aspects of the developing of man-made massives of tailing dams at the mining enterprises *A.M. Galperin, V.V. Moseykin & S.A. Punevsky*

Strength behaviour of Middle Siwalik sandstone under uniaxial and triaxial conditions *G. Mainak, K.S. Rao & S. Tarun*

Modelling the process of rock landslides cave-in through the program suite Rocscience *D.N. Gorobtsov, I.K. Fomenko, V.V. Pendin & M.E. Nikulina*

Numerical simulation of the multistage hydraulic fracturing and production in a tight gas horizontal well—history matching and preliminary optimization *Y. Gou, W. Feng, M. Li & M.Z. Hou*

Evaluation of effective strength parameters in mudrocks *C. Günther, R. Kauther & C. Lempp*

Variation of laboratory test results with specimen size in carbonates of Bavarian Malm *N. Hedtmann & M. Alber*

Integration of the analytical, empirical, and numerical methods in analyzing support requirements for tunneling in weak rock mass *S.H. Prassetyo & M. Gutierrez*

Numerical and field investigation for the stability analysis of a powerhouse cavern in dolomitic limestone *N. Houshmand, K. Shahriar, H. Zarei & A. Kamali*

Comparison between an energetic continuum approach and a local failure criterion for rock fracture prediction *J. Justo, J. Castro, S. Cicero, M.A. Sánchez-Carro & C. Sagaseta*

Challenging estimation of seepage in powerhouse cavern and drainage tunnel in Iran *A. Kamali, K. Shahriar, M. El Tani, A. Aalianvari & M.A. Gholami*

Roadway slope stability assessment in mudstone layers of Sochi (Russia) *K. Kang, O.V. Zerkal, S. Huang & A.A. Ponomarev*

Searching for indicators of excavation damage using R statistics environment *R. Kiuru, P. Kantia & M. Rinne*

Estimation of coal cutting force based on the impact of geomechanical factors *S. Kostić, J. Trivan & N. Gojković*

Comprehensive earth scientific documentation and data processing applying GIS technologies *Á. Krupa, L. Kovács, G. Szujó, G. Somodi & R. Schön*

Geomechanical provision of phosphogypsum stockpiling in high stacks *Yu.I. Kutepov, N.A. Kutepova, B.V. Levin & V.E. Mironov*

An analytical model for load-displacement performance of modified cable bolts *D. Li, H. Masoumi, S. Saydam & P.C. Hagan*

Improving stopes stability limits using Mineroc software *R. Miranda, J. Vallejos, J. Azorin, D. Chavez, M. Mondaca, C. Garrido & O. Catalan*

Challenges related to water inflow during construction of deep Norwegian subsea tunnels *B. Nilsen*

Numerical model of fluid-saturated rock mass with phase transitions as a theoretical basis for artificial ground freezing control system *I. Panteleev, A. Kostina, M. Zhelnin, O. Plekhov & L. Levin*

The results of comprehensive studies of properties of the foundation of the concrete dam in Yakutia *V.I. Rechitsky, R.S. Zuzin, A.M. Zamahaev & V.K. Vavilova*

TBM performance assessment of an exploratory tunnel in hard rock *A. Rispoli, A.M. Ferrero, M. Cardu & A. Farinetti*

Verification of a prediction method for ground conditions ahead of a tunnel face by means of inclination monitoring *K. Sakai, T. Tani, T. Aoki & H. Ohtsu*

Features of mining and geomechanical justification of the parameters of the system for the development of soluble salt deposits through wells drilled from the earth surface *A.Yu. Sapachev & R.Yu. Sapachev*

In-situ estimation of stress-strain behavior of reinforced-concrete landing support *S. Sergeev, A. Zinchenko & G. Yurchenko*

Assessment of anisotropic deformation properties of tuff by a single test on a single specimen *Y. Togashi, M. Kikumoto, K. Tani, K. Hosoda & K. Ogawa*

Determination of the ultimate bearing capacity at the Misicuni Dam, Bolivia *A. Torrico Siacara, L.M. Salinas Pereira & F.M. Massao*

Mechanized installation of high-tensile chain-link mesh for underground support *C. Wendeler, A. Barinov & R. Luis*

Interface behaviour along the boundary between the rock bolt and bond material *Y. Yokota, Z. Zhao, W. Nie, K. Date, K. Iwano & Y. Okada*

**Rock mechanics in petroleum engineering**

New approach for evaluation of geomechanical parameters of low-permeable anisotropic rocks *E.M. Chekhonin, A.V. Gabova, E.Y. Popov, Yu.V. Ovcharenko & Yu.A. Popov*

Experimental investigations of thermal expansion coefficient of Bazhenov Formation rocks *A.V. Gabova, E.M. Chekhonin, E.Y. Popov, E.G. Savelev, E.V. Kozlova, Y.A. Popov & I.A. Karpov*

Poroelastic response of an induced hydraulic fracture to water injection: A case study of the Horstberg geothermal reservoir, Germany *A. Hassanzadegan & T. Tischner*

Implosive acoustic emissions induced by injection of supercritical carbon dioxide into a hot granitic rock mass *T. Ishida, S. Desaki, Y. Kishimoto, M. Naoi & H. Fujii*

Physical modeling of real geomechanical processes by true triaxial apparatus *V.I. Karev, D.M. Klimov, Y.F. Kovalenko & K.B. Ustinov*

Modeling of deformation and filtration processes near producing wells: Influence of stress state and anisotropy *V.I. Karev, D.M. Klimov, Y.F. Kovalenko & K.B. Ustinov*

Drilling deviated wells in a highly unstable gas field in southern part of Iran *S. Khatibi, A. Aghajanpour, M. Ostadhassan & Y. Kovaleva*

Various effect of faults on mechanical earth models: A case study of integrated study *S. Khatibi, M. Ostadhassan, A. Aghajanpour, Y. Kovaleva & R.A. Mohammed*

Porosity measurement of 3-D printed gypsum rock by means of X-ray computed tomography *L. Kong, M. Ostadhassan & C. Li*

Geomechanical modeling in the design and construction of wells, experience and prospects *A.A. Predein & P.I. Klykov*

Hybrid numerical modeling of Mandel’s problem and investigating its various aspects *A. Ranjbar, H. Hassani, K. Shahriar & M.J.A. Shahrabi*

Effect of rock anistropy on hydraulic fracture propagation *V. Sesetty & A. Ghassemi*

3D geological geomechanical reservoir modeling for the purposes of oil and gas field development optimization *D.V. Shustov, Yu.A. Kashnikov, S.G. Ashikhmin & A.E. Kukhtinskiy*

Calculation of convergence induced rock mass and ground surface movements in salt caverns for storage of liquid and gaseous energy carriers *A. Sroka, R. Misa & K. Tajduś*

Fracture propagation in layered carboniferous strata *F. Stoeckhert, C. Solibida & M. Alber*

**Geodynamics and monitoring of rock mass behavior**

Hydra-U—a revolutionised ground based radar for safety critical monitoring in underground mines *N. Boldrini, D. Sizov, M. Cecchetti, M. Rossi, F. Coppi & N. Coli*

Strain monitoring of hard rock mine slopes *I. Fedotova, E. Kasparian, I. Rozanov, M. Kuznetsov & R. Dostovalov*

Assessment of geodynamic and seismic conditions when mining rockburst-hazardous deposits *A.A. Kozyrev, I.E. Semenova & O.G. Zhuravleva*

Geodynamics of interblock and intrablock movements in the rock mass during the extraction of the Lovozero rare-metal deposit *A.V. Lovchikov*

Rockburst prevention in roadway with wide coal pillar of full-mechanized caving face: A case study *B. Nie, Y. Ma, J. Chen, Y. Qiao & H. Yu*

Karier measurement system. Monitoring of geodynamic behavior of deep open pit mine rock mass *V.N. Oparin, V.I. Vostrikov, N.S. Polotnyanko, A.S. Trofimov & A.A. Potaka*

Emission of submicron particles for rock burst prediction *A.A. Osokin*

Deformation monitoring of a tectonically active fault *A.A. Ostapchuk & V.V. Ruzhich*

Manifestations of nonlinearity of deformation properties of a regional fault *D.V. Pavlov, V.I. Kulikov, V.K. Markov, A.A. Ostapchuk & V.V. Sedochenko*

Methods and technical facilities for the assessment of geodynamic risk and geomechanical monitoring of burst-hazard rock massif *I.Ju. Rasskazov, B.G. Saksin, P.A. Anikin, A.V. Gladyr, M.I. Potapchuk, V.I. Usikov, A.A. Tereshkin & A.V. Sidljar*

Discussion on dynamical system of rockburst under tectonic stress field in coal mine *T. Lan, H. Zhang, A.S. Batugin, S. Li, J. Han, B. Cao & X. Zhou*

Energy conversion and transfer in block-rock media on dynamics propagation *K. Wang, V.N. Oparin, Y. Pan, N.I. Aleksandrova & A.I. Chanyshev*

Modeling of stress concentration zones in heterogeneous rock masses within slopes *O.V. Zerkal, E.V. Kalinin & L.L. Panasyan*

**Risks and hazards**

An approach for evaluating the effects of protection measures on rock fall hazard zoning for land use planning *J.M. Abbruzzese & E.P. Howald*

Prediction of excavation damage zone depth variability in brittle rocks *N. Dadashzadeh & M.S. Diederichs*

Reliability based design for rock fall barriers *F. Vagnon, J.P. Harrison, A.M. Ferrero & U. Gessica*

Experience and results of geodynamic risks management when mining the rockburst-hazardous deposits of the Khibiny rock massif *I.V. Fedotova & V.I. Panin*

Evaluating the importance of factors affecting short-term rock burst damage using rock engineering systems *N. Li, M. Zare & R. Jimenez*

Debris Flow: A new design approach *C. Morstabilini & M. Deana*

A simple methodology for hazard assessment of slopes in volcanic rocks from the Canary Islands: First steps. MACASTAB project *M. Muniz Menéndez & J. González-Gallego*

The qualification program for mining professions on identification of hazards and risks associated with the loss of stability of rock mass *Y.I. Rubchevskii*

An approach for the probability of wedge failure in the excavation direction

|*A. Turanboy, E. Ülker & C. Burak Küçüksütçü*

Geomechanical aspects of remediation of quarries in the flysch: Case study of abandoned quarry in Majdan, Croatia *G. Vlastelica, P. Miščević, N. Štambuk Cvitanović & A. Glibota*

**Young session**

Evaluation of a potential shear in the vicinity of structural violations by calculation results of stress-strain state of the rock mass *S.V. Dmitriev*

Research of the factors making negative impact on the stress-strain condition of a system «support—massif» *T.F. Kharisov & O.D. Kharisova*

Characterization of micromechanical properties of coals of different types by nanoindentation *E. Kossovich*

Geomechanical analysis of pre-oriented hydraulic fracture propagation *A.E. Kukhtinskiy*

The study of formation mechanism of earth surface failures due to longwall coal mining *Yu.Yu. Kutepov*

Method to reconstruct rock mass stress state by solving inverse problems using full-scale experimental data *A. Skulkin*

Assessment of burst-hazard rock massif by geoacoustic method *A.A. Tereshkin & M.I. Rasskazov*

Guidelines of geomechanical and engineering-geological research on subsurface microbiota impact on hard rocks in the underground space of megalopolises *I.V. Alekseev*

Deformation monitoring of open pit mine slopes using an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) system *R. Gubaydullina & M. Mustafin*

Hydrogeomechanical processes in development of spoil dumps and hydraulic fills *Yu.I. Kutepov, N.A. Kutepova, M.A. Karasev, A.D. Vasilieva & Yu.Yu. Kutepov*

Stableness improvement of the excavations during the chamber-and-pillar development of Yakovlevsky Deposit reserves *K. Sozonov*

Model of the stress-strain state prediction of a building during the construction of a tunnel under it *P.E. Verbilo*

### Biography

Professor Vladimir Litvinenko is the Rector of St. Petersburg Mining University, St, Petersburg, Russia.