Disaster management is generally understood to consist of four phases: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. While these phases are all important and interrelated, response and recovery are often considered to be the most critical in terms of saving lives. Response is the acute phase occurring after the event, and includes all arrangements to remove detriments and a long-term inventory of supplies to deal with irreversible damage. The timely provision of geospatial information is crucial in the decision-making process, and can save lives and rescue citizens.
The aim of this volume is to share technological advances that allow wider, faster and more effective utilization of geospatial information in emergency response situations. The volume describes current accomplishments and challenges in providing geospatial information with these attributes, and is organized in six parts:
- Practice and legislation, with a focus on the utilization of geospatial information in recent disaster events, as well as resulting legislative attempts to share and access data.
- Data collection and data products.
- Data management and routing in 3D.
- Emerging technologies, including positioning, virtual reality and simulation models.
- Integration of heterogeneous data.
- Applications and solutions.
This volume is aimed at researchers, practitioners and students who work in the variety of disciplines related to geospatial information technology for emergency response, and represents the very best of current thinking from a number of pioneering studies over the past four years.
… a welcome contribution to both the disaster management and geographical information science (GIS) discipline. … written for those who are looking for new research opportunities, or those who are interested in application of state-of-the-art technologies into practice.’
—International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 23:1, 131-133.
If there is one microwave remote sensing textbook that you are going to purchase,then make sure that it is this one. … This is the textbook to which I wish I had had access whilst undertaking my PhD. It is complete, coherent and concise.
—The Photogrammetric Record 24(126): 199–201 (June 2009)
… useful to advanced students and professionals engaged with the application of geospatial information technology. … an accessible volume that offers a considerable breadth of current knowledge.
—Disaster Prevention and Management Journal 19.2
Part 1 Practice and legislation
Improving geospatial information in disaster management through action on lessons learned from major events
Legal aspects of using space-derived geospatial information for emergency response, with particular reference to the Charter on Space and Major Disasters
F.G. von der Dunk
Part 2 Data collection and products
Real-time data collection and information generation using airborne sensors
N. Kerle, S. Heuel & N. Pfeifer
Satellite remote sensing for near-real time data collection
Y. Zhang & N. Kerle
Terrestrial mobile mapping towards real-time geospatial data collection
J. Li & M.A. Chapman
Part 3 Data management and routing in 3D
Real time and spatiotemporal data indexing for sensor based databases
S. Servigne & G. Noel
A 3D data model and topological analyses for emergency response in urban areas
J. Lee & S. Zlatanova
Multidimensional and dynamic vehicle emergency routing algorithm based on 3D GIS
Q. Zhu, Y. Li &Y.K. Tor
Part 4 Positioning, virtual reality and simulation
3D positioning systems for emergency response
Virtual Reality for training and collaboration in emergency management
E. Kjems & L. Bodum
Visual analytics in flood forecasting
Part 5 Integration of heterogeneous data
The semantic mismatch as limiting factor for the use of geospatial information in disaster management and emergency response
CityGML – 3D city models and their potential for emergency response
T.H. Kolbe, G. Gröger & L. Plümer
Integrated emergency management: Experiences and challenges of a national geospatial information provider, Ordnance Survey
C.J. Parker, R. MacFarlane & C. Phillips
Part 6 Applications and solutions
The value of Gi4DM for transport and water management
M.J.M. Grothe, H.C. Landa & J.G.M. Steenbruggen
A decision support system for the preventive evacuation of people in a dike-ring area
K.M. van Zuilekom & M.H.P. Zuidgeest
GIS technology and applications for the fire services
The International Society for Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing (ISPRS) Book Series comprises significant scientific publications in photogrammetry and remote sensing, and related disciplines. Each volume in the series is prepared independently and focuses on a topical theme. Volumes are published on an occasional basis, according to the emergence of noteworthy scientific developments. The material included within each volume is peer-reviewed rigorously, ensuring strong scientific standards.