Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites

1st Edition

Edited by Emilio Bilotta, Alessandro Flora, Stefania Lirer, Carlo Viggiani

CRC Press

808 pages

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Hardback: 9781138000551
pub: 2013-05-10
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pub: 2013-05-10
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All the traces of historic heritage are a fundamental part of our environment and reward us in the form of cultural enrichment, with the ability to have a positive effect both on our lifestyle and economy. Therefore, the preservation of ancient monuments, historic towns and sites has increasingly drawn the attention of public opinion, governmental agencies as well as consultants and contractors. This interest must be however carefully controlled and directed, since the conservation of monuments and historic sites is one of the most challenging problems of our age. Careless attempts at preservation can be detrimental not only to their iconic value (formal integrity), but even to their structural characteristics and the materials they are built with (material integrity).

Geotechnical Engineering for the Preservation of Monuments and Historic Sites collects one opening address, four special lectures and 82 contributions from all over the world, giving a unique sample of the geotechnical problems to be tackled, the solutions currently being proposed, and the strategies being carried out to preserve the overall integrity of monuments and historic sites. It is clearly apparent that differences exist around the world not only in terms of the characteristics of the monuments or sites to be preserved, but also in the approaches adopted to achieve this aim. Hence, no unique solution is available to the geotechnical engineer dealing with the delicate structures and sites that represent our cultural heritage, and knowledge of previous experiences may be a unique guide in any technical decision-making process.

Table of Contents

Opening address

Cultural heritage and geotechnical engineering: An introduction

C. Viggiani

Special lectures

Influence of the subsoil on the urban development of Napoli

S. Aversa, A. Evangelista & A. Scotto di Santolo

Local site conditions and seismic risk assessment of historic buildings

D. D’Ayala & A. Ansal

The role of monitoring and identification techniques on the preservation of historic towers

R. Lancellotta & D. Sabia

Intervention techniques

E. Ovando-Shelley, E. Santoyo & M.O. Pinto de Oliveira


New underground lines in historic centres: Experiences in Brescia

A.M. Ajmone Cat, E. Campa, M. Lodico & C. Umiliaco

Safeguarding the historic town of San Fratello, Sicily

C. Airò Farulla & F. Cafiso

Stability analysis of the underground masonry tunnel of Ancient Nemea

H. Alexakis & N. Makris

Foundation systems of some heritage buildings in Najaf/Iraq case study: Al Shelan Khan

N.K.S. AL-Saoudi & M.Sh. AL-Shakerchy

Seismic vulnerability reduction for historical buildings: The case study of house of mosaics

L. Alterio, L. Evangelista, G. Russo & F. Silvestri

New evidences on the Phlegraean bradyseism in the area of Puteolis harbour

L. Amato & C. Gialanella

Important works in the town centre and preservation of existing heritage: The Grand Carré Jaude in Clermont-Ferrand (France)

F. Ambrosini, P. Berthelot, F. Durand & A. Reynaud

Drilled spiral piles in St. John’s Church of Tartu, Estonia

K. Avellan

Settlement induced by TBM excavation under the Vittoria’s Church in Napoli

S. Aversa, E. Bilotta, G. Russo & A. di Luccio

Ground improving injections underneath historical buildings: Five case histories as an overview of a technique

V. Berengo

Monitoring of the temperature-moisture regime of rock dwellings in Brhlovce village (Slovakia)

V. Boháč, D. Fidríková, V. Vretenár, T. Durmeková, I. Šimková, V. Greif & J. Vlčko

Restoration projects and remedial works in the historical island of Ventotene

N. Bosco, P. Croce, B. Palma, D. Pingitore & M. Ramondini

19th and 20th century coastal military installations affected by coastal erosion in the UK

E.N. Bromhead, M-L. Ibsen & D. Tapete

Interpretation and modelling of the subsidence at the archaeological site of Sybaris (Southern Italy)

F. Cafaro, F. Cotecchia, V. Lenti & R. Pagliarulo

Geotechnical aspects in the preservation of the Domus Tiberiana in Rome

G. Calabresi, L. Cavalera, V. Ascoli Marchetti & M.G. Filetic

New underground lines in historic centres: Experiences in Naples

E. Campa, A.M. Ajmone Cat, C. Fioretti & L. Mormone

The Benedictine Basilica of S. Angelo in Formis (Southern Italy): A therapy without diagnosis?

A. Cammarota, G. Russo, C. Viggiani & M. Candela

The vineyard of the monastery of S. Martino in Napoli

M. Candela, C. Viggiani & R. Viparelli

Site characterization by in situ and laboratory tests for the structural & architectural restoration of Saint Nicholas Church, Nicosia, Cyprus

A. Cavallaro, L. Cessari & E. Gigliarelli

Long-term mechanical behavior of wooden pile foundation in Venice

F. Ceccato, P. Simonini & A. Lionello

Cultural Heritage and physical environment: A geo-archaeological approach to the analysis of interaction and risk factors

A. Cinti, L. Coppola & E.N. Bromhead

Settlement response of masonry constructions

M. Como

Assessment of geological and geotechnical conditions for rebuilding Avala’s television tower

S. Ćorić, D. Rakić, G. Hadži-Niković, T. Janković, V. Filipović & B. Marjanović

Afghanistan, Buddhas of Bamiyan: Emergency consolidation of the cliffs and niches

C. Crippa, R. Granata & C. Margottini

Archaeology and geotechnical engineering

S. D’Agostino & G. Tocco

Long-term stability of old cathedrals in St. Petersburg

R.E. Dashko & A.V. Shidlovskaya

A study for the requalification and safety against natural hazards of the environmental and building heritage of Sant’Agata de’ Goti (Italy)

F. de Silva, M. Melillo, D. Calcaterra, F. Fascia, A. Scotto di Santolo, F. Silvestri & L. Stendardo

Study and monitoring for conservation of Sanctuary of Santa Maria Assunta at Monteortone (Abano Terme, Padova)

A. Dei Svaldi & A. Mazzucato

Slope dynamics, monitoring and geological conservation of the Siq of Petra (Jordan)

G. Delmonaco, C. Margottini & D. Spizzichino

Historic and non-historic building impact assessment methodology for major tunnelling infrastructure projects

M. Devriendt, E. Palmer, R. Hill & D. Lazarus

Dynamic identification and seismic behaviour of the Ghirlandina tower in Modena (Italy)

A. Di Tommaso, R. Lancellotta, D. Sabia, D. Costanzo, F. Focacci & F. Romaro

Performance evaluation of bending strength to predict durability of ornamental gneiss from Santo Antônio de Pádua, RJ, BR

J.L.E. Dias Filho, P.C.A. Maia, G.C. Xavier & P.A.M. Fernandes

The role of the geotechnical engineer in archaeological work: The Greek experience

D. Egglezos, D. Moullou & M. Ioannidou

Re-burial of the Arrephorion on the Athenian Acropolis: An in situ rescue intervention against degradation

D.N. Egglezos

Egyptian experience in the preservation of monuments and historic structures. A case study: Hibis Temple, El-Kharga—Egypt

M.K. El-Ghamrawy, M.A. Sakr & S.A. Gad

Diagnostic of the colonial structure “Palacio del Segundo Cabo” in Havana, Cuba

S. Figueredo, Y. Gámez, R. Lorenzo, J. de la Rosa & R.P. da Cunha

Softening and swelling mechanism affecting south slope of Civita di Bagnoregio (VT)

F. Garbin, C. Margottini, R. Brancaleoni & A. Sonnessa

Evaluation of the soil disturbance due to the installation of prefabricated vertical drains: An analytical approach applied to case histories

A. Ghandeharioon

Preservation and monitoring of the Frari bell tower in Venice

G. Gottardi, M. Marchi, A. Lionello & P.P. Rossi

Collapse of a backfilled wall at the Castle Wespenstein

I. Herle, J. Männer, E. Schwiteilo & J. Wehr

Geotechnical problems on historical buildings from Transylvania

N.M. Ilieş & A. Popa

Research and advanced technology in the restoration of the monuments of the Athenian Acropolis

M. Ioannidou

Estimation of moisture condition with salinity in the ground behind the Dunhuang Mogao Grottoes using the electrical resistivity method

M. Ito, K. Koizumi, K. Oda, T. Miyawaki, C. Piao, C. Tanimoto, Y. Iwasaki, X. Wang, Q. Guo & S. Yang

Dismantling for reconstitution of N1 Tower of Prasat Suor Prat, Angkor Thom, Cambodia

Y. Iwasaki, Y. Akazawa, M. Fukuda, J. Nakazawa, K. Nakagawa, I. Shimoda & T. Nakagawa

A variegated embankment dam in a historical territory

R. Jappelli

Safety and/or security of monuments? An apparent dilemma

R. Jappelli

Strong motion record processing for the Athenian Acropolis seismic response assessment

I.S. Kalogeras & D. Egglezos

Settlements due to tail gap of shield tunnelling

D. Kolymbas

An innovative approach for reducing the seismic risk of existing buildings and historic sites

D. Lombardi, A. Flora, S. Lirer & F. Silvestri

Preservation of historic structures and monuments using minimally invasive Screw-Piles and Helical Anchors—two cases

A.J. Lutenegger, D. Robson & P. Mohan

Seismic risk assessment of San Gimignano towers: Geotechnical aspects and soil-structure interaction

C. Madiai, S. Renzi & G. Vannucchi

Analytical modelling of the creep-rotation rate for leaning towers

M. Marchi, I. Fabbi, G. Gottardi, R. Butterfield & R. Lancellotta

Geotechnical and geophysical characterization of Moai statues—Rapa Nui Easter Island (Chile)

C. Margottini, D. Spizzichino, L. Orlando, M. Marsella, B. Renzi, A. Sonnessa, O. Pandolfi & P. Soddu

Landslide risk and monitoring system for conservation of Vardzia monastery, Georgia

C. Margottini, D. Spizzichino & A. Sonnessa

Strength and structure of the roofed mud-walls of Toji Temple

M. Mimura, M. Yoshimura & T. Terao

Spatial-temporal analysis of the subsidence in the city of Bologna

G. Modoni, G. Darini, R.L. Spacagna, M. Saroli, G. Russo & P. Croce

Repair works at Saint Claire Convent in Chinchón (Madrid, Spain)

P.R. Monteverde & J.M. Avila-Jalvo

Groundwater management during excavations of S. Pasquale station in Naples

L. Mormone, G. Falconio & A. Mandolini

Offshore soil investigations on the bottom of Ohrid Lake and authentic reconstruction of timber piles settlement

D. Nikolovski, B. Veljanovski & A. Stojkovska

Groundwater development and management in Siem Reap, Cambodia: Impacts of groundwater pumping on Angkor Wat

M. Nishigaki, S. Takahashi, M. Takahashi & Y. Maruo

Unsaturated sand in the stability of the cuesta of the Temple of Hera (Agrigento)

N. Nocilla, L. Ercoli, M. Zimbardo, A. Nocilla, P. Meli, G. Grado, G. Parello & G. Presti

Slope consolidation of Monteagudo de las Vicarías castle (Soria)

C.S. Oteo & P. de la Fuente

Load transfer in micropile underpinning of old foundations

J.M. Rodríguez Ortiz

Construction of the Line C San Giovanni station in Rome

E. Romani & N. Miniero

Permanence and preservation of the Metztitlán convent in Hidalgo, Mexico

E. Santoyo-Villa & E. Ovando-Shelley

The Fontanelle Cemetery: Between legend and reality

A. Scotto di Santolo, L. Evangelista & A. Evangelista

A class C prediction of the settlements induced in a historical masonry structure by the excavation of shallow twin tunnels

M. Sebastianelli, G. de Felice, M. Malena, A. Amorosi, D. Boldini & G. Di Mucci

Soil structure interaction on the dynamic behavior of two historic masonry structures

S. Sica, F. Ceroni & M.R. Pecce

New Lanark Walls: Examples of sustainable design for a World Heritage Site

M.J. Smith

Evaluating the effects of tunnel construction on monuments: The example of the Basilica di Massenzio in Rome

F.M. Soccodato, L. Callisto, S. Rampello & G.M.B. Viggiani

The preservation of the historical, archeological and artistic heritage of Orvieto: An interdisciplinary project

F.M. Soccodato, E. Martini, L. Tortoioli & A.M. Mazzi

Landslide risk assessment and management in the archaeological site of Machu Picchu (Peru)

D. Spizzichino, C. Margottini & L.M. Puzzilli

The rebuilding of San Piero a Grado bell tower

N. Squeglia

Safeguard stories of living monuments (unstable towns of the region of Umbria)

P. Tamburi & E. Martini

Geohazards and climate change issues for the preservation of the Saxon Shore in South Britain

D. Tapete & E.N. Bromhead

Preservation and reconstruction of historic monuments in Saint Petersburg with provisions for soil-structure interaction

V.M. Ulitsky, A.G. Shashkin, K.G. Shashkin & M.B. Lisyuk

Localized settlements of an ancient hospital foundation: Analysis of the problem to assess a possible reinforcement intervention

R. Valentino, E. Coïsson, F. Freddi & F. Ottoni

Geotechnical investigation and stabilization of the foundations of a World Heritage in Portugal, the Guimarães Castle

A. Viana da Fonseca, A. Arêde, E. Paupério & A. Costa

Safeguarding interventions for two historical sites in the Middle East

B. Vingiani & G. Salerno

Use of jet grouting technique to realize substructures of historic buildings: The example of an apartment building in Warsaw

K. Wanik

Geotechnical and structural investigations of historical monuments of Kazakhstan

A. Zh. Zhussupbekov, T.O. Zhunisov, A.Z. Issina & T. Awwad

The safety of an industrial archaeological heritage: The underground quarries in Marsala (Sicily)

M. Zimbardo, L. Ercoli, C. Cannone & A. Nocilla

Author index

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