176 pages | 15 B/W Illus.
This book discusses right-wing extremism by analysing Germanophone research on this topic for the first time in English, including unique survey data from Germany and Austria. Highlighting how questions of terminology can become complicated when country cases are compared, the authors analyse theoretical and methodological issues in relation to the question of right-wing extremism. In Anglo-American academia, the term is often associated with fairly rare phenomena in the form of extremist political groups, whereas in Germany the term is often applied to a wide range of attitudes, behaviours and parties, including those which operate more within the mainstream political sphere.
Covering an array of sub-fields such as right-wing terrorism, iconography of the extreme right and the Germanophone discussion on the differentiation of right-wing populism and right-wing extremism, the authors account not only for the centrality of right-wing extremist attitudes in Germanophone research, but also point at its often overlooked relevance for the phenomenon in general. Offering an important insight into the nuanced definition of right-wing extremism across Europe and enhancing both international debate and cross-country comparative research, this book will be of interest to students and scholars researching extremism, German politics and European politics more generally.
Introduction: German Perspectives on Right-Wing Extremism: Challenges for Comparative Analysis Johannes Kiess, Oliver Decker & Elmar Brähler
Part I: Methodological Challenges and Innovations for Comparative Research
1. Comparing Right-Wing Extremist Attitudes – Lack of Research or Lack of Theory? Johannes Kiess & Oliver Decker
2. Attitude and Agency: Common Roots, Divergent Methodologies, Joint Ventures? Katrin Reimer
3. National Identity and Immigration in the Concepts of Right-Wing Extremism and Societal Security Marc Grimm
4. A Multi-Method Approach to the Comparative Analysis of Anti-Pluralistic Politics Karin Liebhart
Part II: Comparing Right-Wing Extremism: Exemplary Case Studies
5. "Fertile Soil for Ideological Confusion"? The Extremism of the Centre Oliver Decker, Johannes Kiess & Elmar Brähler
6. Fear of Social Decline and Treading on Those Below? The Role of Social Crises and Insecurities in the Emergence and the Reception of Prejudices in Austria Julia Hofmann
7. Terrorism Made in Germany: the Case of the NSU Michael Edinger & Eugen Schatschneider
8. Extremist or Populist? Proposing a Set of Criteria to Distinguish Right-Wing Parties in Western Europe Tanja Wolf
This series covers academic studies within the broad fields of ‘extremism’ and ‘democracy’, with volumes focusing on adjacent concepts such as populism, radicalism, and ideological/religious fundamentalism. These topics have been considered largely in isolation by scholars interested in the study of political parties, elections, social movements, activism, and radicalisation in democratic settings. A key focus of the series, therefore, is the (inter-)relation between extremism, radicalism, populism, fundamentalism, and democracy. Since its establishment in 1999, the series has encompassed both influential contributions to the discipline and informative accounts for public debate. Works will seek to problematise the role of extremism, broadly defined, within an ever-globalising world, and/or the way social and political actors can respond to these challenges without undermining democratic credentials.