Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems (Hardback) book cover

Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems

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Hardback: 9781566704854
pub: 1999-12-20

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Tropical ecosystems - the regions between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn - play an important role in global processes, economic issues, and political concerns. In their natural state, tropical ecosystems support a large quantity of above- and below-ground biomass, and constitute a major part of the terrestrial carbon pool. Conversion of the natural ecosystem to agriculture and forestry ecosystems disturbs this ecological balance.

Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems presents data on carbon pool fluxes from case studies in 12 countries in tropical regions. The chapters cover:

  • Characteristics of tropical ecosystems

  • Soil and biotic carbon pools

  • Impacts of land use and soil management

  • Slash-and-burn practices

  • Crop residue and fertility management

    This volume adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. With Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems you will understand the link between soil productivity, environmental quality and the global carbon cycle, not only in these ecologically sensitive regions but worldwide.

  • Table of Contents

    Carbon Pool in Tropical Ecosystems

    Tropical Ecosystems and the Global Carbon C Cycle, R. Lal and J. Kimble

    Carbon Stocks in the Brazilian Amazon, C. Cerri, M. Bernoux, D. Arrouays, B.J. Feigl, and M.C. Piccolo

    Carbon Pools in Forest Ecosystems of Australia and Oceania, P.K. Khanna, P. Snowden, and J. Bauhus

    Organic Carbon Stock in Soils of India, M. Velayutham, D.K. Pal, and T. Bhattscharya

    Land Use and Carbon Pool in Soils of Africa

    Slash and Burn Effects on Carbon Stocks in the Humid Tropics, P.L. Woomer, C.A. Palm, J. Alegre, C. Castilla, D.G. Cordeiro, K. Hairiah, J. Kotto-Same, A. Moukam, A. Reise, V. Rodrigues, and M. van Noordwijk

    Crop Residue and Fertilizer Management to Improve Soil Organic Carbon Content, Soil Quality and Productivity in the Desert Margins of West Africa, A. Bationo, S.P. Wani, C.L. Bielders, P.L.G. Vlek, and A.U. Mokwunye

    Restorative Effects of Mucuna Utilis on Soil Organic C Pool of a Severely Eroded Alfisol in Western Nigeria, R. Lal

    Land Use and Cropping Systems Effects on Restoring Soil Carbon Pool of Degraded Alfisols in Western Nigeria, R. Lal

    Land Use and Carbon Pool in Soils of Tropical America

    Impact of Conversion of Brazilian Cerrados to Cropland and Pastureland on Soil Carbon Pool and Dynamics, D.V.S. Resck, C.A. Vasconcelloos, L. Vilela, and C.M. Macedo

    Soil Carbon Accumulation or Loss Following Deforestation for Pasture in the Brazilian Amazon, C. Neill and E.A. Davidson

    The Potential and Dynamics of Carbon Sequestration in Traditional and Modified Fallow Systems of the Eastern Amazon Region, Brazil, M. Denich, M. Kanashiro, and P.L.G. Vlek

    Greenhouse Gas Emissions From Land-Use Change in Brazil's Amazon Region, P.M. Fearnside

    Land Use Impact on Carbon Dynamics in Soils of the Arid and Semi-Arid Tropics, B.A. Stewart and C.A. Robinson

    Land Use and Carbon Pool in Soils of Asia and the Pacific

    Impact of Land Use and Management Practices on Organic Carbon Dynamics in Soils of India, A. Swarup, M.C. Manna, and G.B. Singh

    Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Carbon Sequestration in Australian Tropical Soils, R.C. Dalal and J.O. Carter

    Basic Soil Processes and Carbon Dynamics

    Soil Aggregation and C Sequestration, R. Lal

    Monitoring and Prediction

    Methods of Analysis for Soil Carbon: An Overview, H.H. Cheng and J. Kimble

    Modeling Soil Carbon Dynamics in Tropical Ecosystems, P. Smith, P. Falloon, K. Coleman, J. Smith, M. Piccolo, C. Cerri, M. Bernoux, D. Jenkinson, J .Ingram, J. Szabó, and L. Pásztor

    Evaluating Tropical Soil Properties with Pedon Data, Satellite Imagery, and Neural Networks, E. Levine, D. Kimes, S. Fifer, and R. Nelson

    Geographic Assessment of Carbon Stored in Amazonian Terrestrial Ecosystems and Their Soils in Particular, W.G. Sombroek, P.M. Fearnside, and M. Cravo

    Carbon Dioxide Measurements in the Nocturnal Boundary Layer over Amazonian Tropical Forest, G. Fisch, A.D. Culf, Y. Malhi, C.A. Nobre, and A.D. Nobre

    Atmospheric CO2 Fluxes and Soil Respiration Measurements over Sugarcane in Southeast Brazil, H.R. DaRocha, O.M.R. Cabral, M.A.F. Da Silva Dias, M.A. Ligo, J.A. Elbers, H.C. Freitas, C.V. Randow, and O. Brunini

    Research and Development Priorities

    What Do We Know and What Needs to be Known and Implemented for C Sequestration in Tropical Ecosystems, R. Lal and J.M. Kimble

    Subject Categories

    BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
    SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
    SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Meteorology & Climatology
    TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General