The use of remote sensors for human settlement mapping and monitoring holds great promise for numerous fields of study, including urban planning and global environmental change and sustainability. While the potential for this technology is difficult to measure, achieving useful results at a regional or global level is but a recent accomplishment. Global Mapping of Human Settlement is the first book to provide a comprehensive overview of the methodologies, datasets, and approaches related to the use of remotely sensed data to map human settlements at the global scale, as well as the experiences encountered with their application.
Valuable to a broad range of researchers, the book begins by analyzing the requirements for global and regional urban remote sensing. It provides a general background of global urban issues, outlines observation and assessment requirements, and looks at how these relate to current initiatives on international policy and strategic levels. The contributors, an international group of pioneering experts, describe the characteristics of human settlements as seen and mapped from remote sensors, either at the regional or global scale. They also discuss the spectral variety, special scales, and nighttime appearance as key remote sensing indicators of these environments.
The text explores some of the most acclaimed and important projects and programs previously carried out or in current use for urban mapping and monitoring. These chapters highlight the impressive amount of information available and the processing and analysis techniques used to extract such data from several data sources, including satellite imagery. The book also explores some of the future challenges and makes recommendations regarding areas of research that should be actively pursued.
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Global Urban Issues: A Primer. Some Recommendations for Global Efforts in Urban Monitoring and Assessments from Remote Sensing. A Methodology to Quantify Built-Up Structures from Optical VHR Imagery. The Color of Cities: An Overview of Urban Spectral Diversity. A New Map of Global Urban Extent from MODIS Remote Sensing Data Based on an Urban Ecoregion Approach. Global Urban Mapping Based on Nighttime Lights. More Than a Name: Why Is Global Urban Population Mapping a GRUMPy Proposition? Global Mapping of Human Settlement: Experiences, Datasets, and Prospects. The Urban Environmental Monitoring/100 Cities Project: Legacy of the First Phase and Next Steps. Megacities: Hints for Risk Management Using EO Data. Improving Urban Monitoring Toward a European Urban Atlas. Semantic Characterization of Human Settlement Areas: Critical Issues to be Considered. Comparison of Global Urban Maps. The Role of SAR Sensors. Future EO Sensors of Relevance — Integrated Perspective for Global Urban Monitoring. Methods and Challenges for Using High-Temporal Resolution Data for Monitoring Urban Growth.