This landmark reference is a comprehensive, one-stop, interdisciplinary resource that examines current, critical social issues in historical and global contexts. Nearly 150 in-depth, balanced, and thought-provoking articles cover a broad range of critically important topics: the environment, health, science, the media, ethnic conflicts, poverty, and immigration, to name just a few. Each original, signed article provides historical context as well as a thorough discussion and analysis of contemporary issues facing today's interconnected world.
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The essays in this volume aim to reconceptualize he political economy of the People's Republic of China by highlighting the changing character of urban-rural and state-society conflicts in the era of Mao Zedong's leadership and in the post-Mao reforms. While noting China's economic achievements, the analysis underscores major ironies of the mobilizational collectivism of the late Mao period as well as the conflicts being played out in the reforms centered on the countryside and China's international economic relations in the 1980s.