This book provides the first comprehensive analysis of an epochal shift in global order – the fact that global-south countries have taken up leadership roles in peacekeeping missions, humanitarian interventions, and transnational military industries: Brazil has taken charge of the UN military mission in Haiti; Nigeria has deployed peacekeeping troops throughout West Africa; Indonesians have assumed crucial roles in UN Afghanistan operations; Fijians, South Africans, and Chileans have became essential actors in global mercenary firms; Venezuela and its Bolivarian allies have established a framework for "revolutionary" humanitarian interventions; and Turkey, India, Kenya, and Egypt are asserting themselves in bold new ways on the global stage.
In this context, this collection sheds critical light on intersections between imperialism and humanitarianism, between neoliberal globalization and "rescue industry" transnationalism, and between patterns of geopolitical hegemony and trajectories of peacekeeping internationalism. These case studies are grouped into three clusters (I) Globalizing Peacekeeper Identities, (II) Assertive "Regional Internationalisms," and (III) Emergent Alternative Paradigms. Together, these articulate a new research agenda and offer significant contributions to fields of global studies, transnational gender and race studies, critical security studies and peace studies, comparative politics, police and military sociology, Third World diplomatic history, and international relations.
This book was published as a special issue of Globalizations.
Table of Contents
Foreword Richard Falk, Princeton University
1. Introduction: Global South to the Rescue Paul Amar, University of California, Santa Barbara
Section One: Globalizing Peacekeeper Identities
2. Peacexploitation? Interrogating Labor Hierarchies and Global Sisterhood Amongst Indian and Uruguayan Female Peacekeepers Marsha Henry, London School of Economics
3. Martial Races and Enforcement Masculinities of the Global South: Weaponising Fijian, Chilean, and Salvadoran Postcoloniality in the Mercenary Sector Paul Higate, University of Bristol
4. The Pacification of Soldiering, and the Militarization of Development: Contradictions Inherent in Provincial Reconstruction in Afghanistan Ryerson Christie, University of Bristol
Section Two: Assertive "Regional Internationalisms"
5. Turkey: An Emerging Hub of Globalization and Internationalist Humanitarian Actor? Resat Bayer, Koç University, and FouatKeyman,Sabancı University
6. Globalising Security Culture and Knowledge in Practice: Nigeria’s Hybrid Model Alice Hills, University of Leeds
7. Indonesia and the Liberal Peace: Recovering Southern Agency in Global Governance Jonathan Agensky, University of Cambridge, and Joshua Barker, University of Toronto
8. Kenya and International Security: Enabling Globalization, Stabilising ‘Stateness,’ and Deploying ‘Humanitarian Counterterrorism’ Jan Bachman, Gothenburg Centre of Globalization and Development and the School of Global Studies, University of Gothenburg, Sweden
Section Three: Emergent Alternative Paradigms
9. Bolivarian Globalization?: The New Left’s Struggle in Latin America and the Caribbean to Negotiate a Revolutionary Approach to Humanitarian Militarism and International Intervention Thomas Muhr, University of Bristol
10. Brazil’s Grand Design for Combining Global South Solidarity and National Interests: A Discussion of Peacekeeping Operations in Haiti and Timor W.Alejandro Sánchez Nieto, Council on Hempispheric Affairs, (COHA), Washington, DC.
11. Egypt as a Globalist Power: Mapping Military Participation in Decolonizing Internationalism, Repressive Entrepreneurialism, and Humanitarian Globalization between the Revolutions of 1952 and 2011 Paul Amar, University of California, Santa Barbara
Paul Amar is an Associate Professor in the Global & International Studies Program at the University of California, Santa Barbara, USA. He is a political sociologist and urban ethnographer specializing in security politics, police-military relations, humanitarian law and authoritarian states. He researches the transnational and urban dynamics of police militarization as well as state violence against racial and sexual minorities in the cities of Latin America and the Middle East. Dr. Amar has worked at the United Nations, and on behalf of community struggles to fight police brutality and military atrocity, and to strengthen institutions of citizenship and cultures of legality.