Cities and towns are the original producers of many of the global environmental problems related to waste disposal, and air and water pollution. There is a rapidly growing need for technologies that will enable monitoring of the world’s natural resources and urban assets, and managing exposure to natural and man-made risks. The Group on Earth Observation (GEO) calls for strengthening the cooperation and coordination among global observing systems and research programs. Global Urban Monitoring and Assessment through Earth Observation introduces this important international collaborative effort, reviews the current state of global urban remote sensing, and expands on future directions in the field.
The book reviews the current state of global urban monitoring, assessment, modeling, and prediction through Earth observation and related technologies. It then introduces GEO’s important international collaborative effort—Global Urban Observation and Information Task—and the current state of global urban remote sensing and future directions. It explores groundbreaking work in urban remote sensing and examines how it could contribute to the development of innovative concepts and techniques for sustainable urban development.
Despite significant progress in recent years, there remain substantial gaps in ongoing national, regional, and global efforts to address environmental challenges. Edited by a well-known expert in the field of remote sensing, GIS, and other geospatial technologies, this book addresses the gaps in an effective and long-term manner, highlighting the importance of increased coordination and networking among major stakeholders and of working together with other key international mechanisms. Drawing on the expertise of pioneers in the field from across the globe, the book details emerging research in the theory, methods, and techniques of urban remote sensing that provide insight into how to solve the major issues of sustainable development—one of the most important issues facing society in the future.
Table of Contents
What Is Special about Global Urban Remote Sensing? Qihao Weng
Global Urban Observation: Needs and Requirements
Global Urban Observation and Information: GEO’s Effort to Address the Impacts of Human Settlements, Qihao Weng, Thomas Esch, Paolo Gamba, Dale Quattrochi, and George Xian
EO Data Processing and Interpretation for Human Settlement Characterization: A Really Global Challenge, Paolo Gamba, Gianni Lisini, Gianni Cristian Iannelli, Inmaculada Dopido, and Antonio Plaza
Urban Observing Sensors, Qihao Weng, Paolo Gamba, Giorgos Mountrakis, Martino Pesaresi, Linlin Lu, Thomas Kemper, Johannes Heinzel, George Xian, Huiran Jin, Hiroyuki Miyazaki, Bing Xu, Salman Quresh, Iphigenia Keramitsoglou, Yifang Ban, Thomas Esch, Achim Roth, and Christopher D. Elvidge
Global Urban Footprint: Data Sets and Products
Mapping Global Human Settlements Pattern Using SAR Data Acquired by the TanDEM-X Mission, Thomas Esch, Mattia Marconcini, Andreas Felbier, Achim Roth, and Hannes Taubenböck
National Trends in Satellite-Observed Lighting: 1992–2012, Christopher D. Elvidge, Feng-Chi Hsu, Kimberly E. Baugh, and Tilottama Ghosh
Development of a Global Built-Up Area Map Using ASTER Satellite Images and Existing GIS Data, Hiroyuki Miyazaki, Xiaowei Shao, Koki Iwao, and Ryosuke Shibasaki
Building of a Global Human Settlement Layer from Fine-Scale Remotely Sensed Data, Martino Pesaresi, Vasileios Syrris, Daniele Ehrlich, Matina Halkia, Thomas Kemper, and Pierre Soille
Urban Observation, Monitoring, Forecasting, and Assessment Initiatives
Spatial Dynamics and Patterns of Urbanization: The Example of Chinese Megacities Using Multitemporal EO Data, Hannes Taubenböck, Thomas Esch, Michael Wiesner, Andreas Felbier, Mattia Marconcini, Achim Roth, and Stefan Dech
Mapping and Monitoring of Refugees and Internally Displaced People Using EO Data, Thomas Kemper and Johannes Heinzel
Assessment of Fine-Scale Built-Up Area Mapping in China, Linlin Lu, Huadong Guo, Martino Pesaresi, Daniele Ehrlich, and Stefano Ferri
Climatological and Geographical Impacts on the Global Pandemic of Influenza A (H1N1) 2009, Bing Xu, Zhenyu Jin, Zhiben Jiang, Jianping Guo, Michael Timberlake, and Xiulian Ma
Investigations of the Diurnal Thermal Behavior of Athens, Greece, by Statistical Downscaling of Land Surface Temperature Images and Pattern Analysis, Iphigenia Keramitsoglou
Innovative Concepts and Techniques in Urban Remote Sensing
Integrated Urban Sensing in the Twenty-First Century, Günther Sagl and Thomas Blaschke
Object-Based Image Analysis for Urban Studies, Vivek Dey, Bahram Salehi, Yun Zhang, and Ming Zhong
Defining Robustness Measures for OBIA Framework: A Case Study for Detecting Informal Settlements, Peter Hofmann
Automated Techniques for Change Detection Using Combined Edge Segment Texture Analysis, GIS, and 3D Information, Manfred Ehlers, Natalia Sofina, Yevgeniya Filippovska, and Martin Kada
Fusion of SAR and Optical Data for Urban Land Cover Mapping and Change Detection, Yifang Ban, Osama Yousif, and Hongtao Hu
Qihao Weng is the Director of the Center for Urban and Environmental Change and a tenured Full Professor at the Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences, Indiana State University, USA.
"… covers a wide themes on global urban remote sensing, e.g. the needs and requirements of global urban observation and assessment, international efforts in mapping global urban footprint, progresses in developing global morphological database and urban climate modeling, case studies of urban analyses as well as innovative concepts and techniques in urban remote sensing. The book also provides some new insights into the gaps, needs, and trends in urban remote sensing at the global level. … an excellent reference book for students, researchers, and professors in the remote sensing, urban studies and relevant fields, and for professionals and decision-makers in the government, industry, and commercial sectors. It will also be suitable as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate students who are interested in remote sensing, urban, environment and global change."
—Peijun Li, School of Earth and Space Sciences, Peking University, China
"… an excellent resource for global urban monitoring and provides up-to-date developments in the field of urban remote sensing. It also advances integrated urban sensing by incorporating ‘big data’."
—Photogrammetric Engineering & Remote Sensing Journal, September 2015
"Global Urban Monitoring and Assessment through Earth Observation gives a good overview of urban remote sensing in a global context. The book can be recommended to advanced and specialized master students as well as researcher, who focus on urban remote sensing and wish to embed their own work in a global setting. Academic libraries that do not already have the full suite of edited books on urban remote sensing may also consider adding this book to their corpus."
International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, January 2016