The river basin is no longer the appropriate spatial unit for analysing water problems. With increasing trade between nations and continents, water is more and more often used to produce goods that are exported. This book analyses this issue for the first time on a global scale. It addresses questions such as: Is the import of water in virtual form – in the form of imported commodities – a solution to water scarce countries? What threats are there in countries becoming ‘water dependent’? Can international trade be a tool to enhance global water use efficiency, or is it a means of shifting the environment burden to a distant location? The book shows the water footprint of nations, a consumer based indicator of water use which can be used as a tool to understand the impacts of local consumption on global water resources and the dependency of any country on external water resources.
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 2. Methodology 3. The Global Component of Freshwater Demand and Supply 4. Saving Water through Global Trade 5. Water Footprints of Nations: Water Use by People as a Function of their Consumption Pattern 6. Virtual Versus Real Water Transfers within China 7. The Water Footprint of Coffee and Tea Consumption 8. The Water Footprint of Cotton Consumption 9. Discussion
Ashok Chapagain was born in 1965 in Dingla, Nepal. He received his Bachelor of Civil Engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology in Roorkee in 1985, and his M.Sc. from the IHE in the Netherlands. With a background in hands-on, small-scale irrigation projects in Nepal, and academic research in the Netherlands, Ashok Chapagain here takes a step further into the global dimension of the virtual water trade.