Glocalising Teaching English as an International Language
New Perspectives for Teaching and Teacher Education in Germany
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The worldwide spread, diversification, and globalization of the English language in the course of the 20th and early 21st centuries has significant implications for English Language Teaching and teacher education.
We are currently witnessing a paradigm shift towards Teaching English as an International Language (TEIL) that aims to promote multilingualism and awareness of the diversity of Englishes, increase exposure to this diversity, embrace multiculturalism, and foster cross-cultural awareness. Numerous initiatives that embrace TEIL can be observed around the world, but ELT and teacher education in Germany (and other European countries) appear to be largely unaffected by this development, with standard British and American English and the monolingual native speaker (including the corresponding cultural norms) still being very much at the center of attention. The present volume addresses this gap and is the first of its kind to showcase recent initiatives that aim at introducing TEIL into ELT and teacher education in Germany, but which have applicability and impact for other countries with comparable education systems and ‘traditional’ ELT practices in the Expanding Circle. The chapters in this book provide a balanced mix of conceptual, empirical, and practical studies and offer the perspectives of the many stakeholders involved in various settings of English language education whose voices have not often been heard, i.e., students, university lecturers, trainee teachers, teacher educators, and in-service teachers.
It therefore adds significantly to the limited amount of previous work on TEIL in Germany and bridges the gap between theory and practice that will not only be relevant for researchers, educators, and practitioners in English language education in Germany but other educational settings that are still unaffected by the shift towards TEIL.
Table of Contents
Introduction. Glocalising Teaching English as an International Language: New perspectives for teaching and teacher education in Germany Marcus Callies, Stefanie Hehner, Philipp Meer & Michael Westphal I. TEIL in language teacher education 1: An integrated approach to introducing TEIL in language teacher education at the interface of linguistics, language education and teaching practice Marcus Callies, Heather Haase & Stefanie Hehner 2: Global Englishes in the second phase of teacher education in Germany: Teacher educators’ perspectives on ELT and teacher education Verena Hölscher & Philipp Meer 3: Tomorrow’s teachers’ perceptions of Global Englishes Johanna Hartmann 4: Standard language ideology in the English language classroom: Suggestions for EIL-informed teacher education Sandra Jansen, Susanne Mohr & Julia Forsberg II. TEIL in the curricula 5: Global Englishes in the secondary school curriculum in Germany: A comparative analysis of the English language curricula of the federal states Philipp Meer 6: Global Englishes in ELT and teacher education in Bavaria – progress and missed opportunities Markus Bieswanger 7: Sociolinguistic competence and TEIL: A study of the sociolinguistic awareness and perceptions of be like among German learners of English Michael Westphal, Katharina Brüggemann, Kathi Fischer & Dagmar Deuber 8: Cultural Learning for and through Global Englishes Ricardo Römhild & Frauke Matz III. Innovative teaching material and activities for the TEIL classroom 9: Teaching materials for TEIL: Focus on Indian English Stefanie Hehner 10: Pop music and Teaching English as an International Language Michael Westphal 11: Encountering Global Englishes in the ELT classroom through audio-visual texts: The example of TED talks Peter Schildhauer, Carolin Zehne & Marion Schulte Epilogue Heath Rose
Marcus Callies is full professor and Chair of English Linguistics at the University of Bremen. His main research interests are corpus linguistics with a focus on lexico-grammatical variation on innovation in advanced learner varieties of English and World Englishes, Learner Corpus Research, teacher education, conceptual metaphor, and the language of sports.
Stefanie Hehner received her first teaching degree (equivalent to M.Ed.) in 2016 from the University of Gießen, Germany. She is currently a PhD candidate at the University of Bremen, Germany, working in the teaching and research project "Varieties of English in Foreign Language teacher education". Her research interests include Global Englishes, teacher cognitions, and the interface between linguistics and English language pedagogy.
Philipp Meer is a PhD student and research assistant at the Chair of Variation Linguistics at the University of Münster, Germany, where he has worked since 2016. He is co-affiliated with the Speech Prosody Studies Group at the University of Campinas, Brazil. His research interests include World Englishes, sociophonetics & sociolinguistics, acoustic phonetics, speech prosody, language attitudes, and applied linguistics.
Michael Westphal is a postdoctoral researcher at the Chair of Variation Linguistics at the University of Münster, Germany, where he also received his PhD in English linguistics in 2016 for his work on language variation on Jamaican Radio (published with John Benjamins in 2017). His research interests include World Englishes, language attitudes, variational pragmatics, and language in the media.
"The English language has been exported all over the world and as such, it has taken on new forms in terms of grammar, vocabulary and accent, tied to various regions, countries and societal groups within. At this point, most speakers of English are not, in fact, so-called 'natives'. This has far-reaching implications for communication with English as a lingua franca and yet, this has not caught up in EFL pedagogy to the extent it needs to. This edited book addresses this gap in the German context, and in doing so, moves beyond monolithic models such as British and American English, which themselves are actually far from unified. By bringing the Englishes - and subsequent voices and identities - of non-inner circle Englishes into the classroom, the book has the following benefits. First, it addresses the need for equality on a linguistic level, with language a proxy for identities based on ethnicity and regional origin. Second, the book helps students to approach language with more objectivity, by realising that Indian English, for example, is no less ‘logical’ than, say, standard American English, and likewise, not ‘better’ either. Finally, the implications for ‘communicative competence’ in a global world using a global language in all its varieties is addressed."---Alex Baratta, University of Manchester, UK
"‘Glocalising Teaching English as an International Language’ consists of scholarly works that collectively build a solid bridge between the theory and practice of teaching EIL. Not only has this book made a theoretical contribution to the field, but it has also provided fresh ideas on how TEIL can be operationalised at the classroom level. The pedagogical principles and practices discussed by the contributors of this book are largely relevant not only to the German context, but also to many other teaching contexts where English serves as a foreign language. The balanced mix of theory, research, and practice on teaching EIL makes this edited volume a must-read for researchers, teacher-educators, and practitioners who wish to challenge native-speaker supremacy in ELT, to promote lingua-cultural diversity in ELT and language teacher-education, and to inspire language learners to learn how to communicate effectively and respectfully across cultures."---Roby Marlina, SEAMEO-RELC, Singapore
"The editors provide a timely and excellent publication on English language teaching in Germany – an expanding circle context in the Kachruvian three circles model. It is an important contribution to the field of Global Englishes that encompasses World Englishes, ELF, EFL reflecting the pluricentric nature of English. It suggests a paradigm shift in ELT away from native-speaker norms in the German context with pedagogical implications for other expanding circle contexts as a solution to the changing needs of English language learners in an increasingly multilingual and multicultural world. The chapters in the book include examples from various stakeholders from K12 to university level with a critical stance towards TEIL curriculum development, materials evaluation, and teacher education. In this respect, it invites readers to imagine how the English language should be taught in the 21st century by questioning teaching standard varieties of English while people from all other linguistic and cultural backgrounds use English as a means of communication all around the world. Various emprical studies reported in the chapters of the book highlight the need for reimagining ELT and provide evidence for what is actually happening in the classroom when a TEIL approach is used. This book invites readers to think beyond the traditional boundaries of ELT. It is a must read book for teacher educators, curriculum and materials developers, as well as undergraduate/graduate students specializing in ELT in the German educational context to develop an understanding of how change might occur in ELT from a TEIL perspective in the 21st century with implications for other expanding circle contexts. It is a great contribution to both the GELT and TEIL literature."---Yasemin Bayyurt, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul, Turkey