This is a comprehensive survey of royal government in the Portuguese, Spanish, English and French seaborne empires in Africa, the Americas and Asia. Essays focus on four facets of such government: political, judicial, fiscal, and military administration. Essays may be consulted for an overview of any single empire, or for a comparative dimension to any single aspect. Attention is given to the role of non-Europeans in crown government. The introduction provides an overview of metropolitan agencies for overseas government and of crown agencies in the colonies, redresses imbalances in the historiography, and provides an exhaustive bibliography. This is an indispensable starting point for scholars seeking a global perspective on the "first" European empires and a valuable teaching tool. It is a welcome addition to the literature on world history, comparative government, and comparative colonialism.
'European and Non-European Societies and Christianity and Missions along with the other volumes in An Expanding World should become a standard collection for any academic library. The invaluable bibliography, the variety of themes, and the historical problems will engage students of all levels, undergraduate, graduate, and postdoctoral, in many aspects of early modern and world history for years to come.' Sixteenth Century Journal, Vol. XXX, No. 1
Contents: Part I: Portuguese Empire: The Lisbon Slave House and African trade, 1486-1521, John L. Vogt; The Estado da India in southeast Asia: administration, law and international relations, John Villiers; The Indian directorate: forced acculturation in Portuguese America, 1757-1799, Colin MacLachlan; Indigenous dominance in a colonial economy: the Goa rendas, 1600-1670, M.N. Pearson; Trade in the Indian Ocean and the Portuguese system of cartazes, K.S. Mathew; Fiscal policy and Royal sovereignty in Minas Gerais: the Capitation Tax of 1735, Robert Allan White; The reorganization of the Royal Fisc, Dauril Alden; The military and society in Bahia, 1800-1821, F.W.O. Morton; Spanish Empire: The Council of the Indies in the late eighteenth century: a new perspective, Mark A. Burkholder; The institutional framework of colonial Spanish America, John Lynch; The Intendant system in Spanish America, Lillian Estelle Fisher; La real audiencia de Buenos Aires y la administraciÃ³n de justicia en lo criminal en el interior del virreinato, Jose M. Mariluz Urquijo; OrganizaciÃ³n y funcionamiento en las cajas reales de Guayaquil en la segunda metad del siglo XVIII, Maria Luisa Laviana Cuetos; The reorganization of the army of New Spain, 1763-1766, Lyle N. McAlister; The changing racial and administrative structure of the Peruvian military under the later Bourbons, Leon G. Campbell; Part II: French Empire: La direction de la Nouvelle-France par le Ministère de la marine, Robert La Roque de Roquebrune; Colonial trade policies late in the reign of Louis XIV, Thomas J. Schaeper; The administration of New France, André Vachon; The office of intendant in New France: a study in French colonial policy, W. B. Munro; The Elective Council of Quebec of 1657, Gustave LanctÃ´t; Representative assemblies in New France, Allana G. Reid; The functions of the Council, Raymond Du Bois Cahall; From law court to local government: metamorphosis of the Superior Council of French Louisiana, Jerr