The emergence of green parties throughout Europe during the 1980s marked the arrival of a new form of political movement, challenging established models of party politics and putting new issues on the political agenda. Since their emergence, green parties in Europe have faced different destinies; in countries such as Germany, Belgium, Finland, France, and Italy, they have accumulated electoral successes, participated in governments, implemented policies and established themselves as part of the party system. In other countries, their political relevance remains very limited. After more than 30 years on the political scene, green parties have proven to be more than just a temporary phenomenon. They have lost their newness, faced success and failure, power and opposition, grassroots enthusiasm and internal conflicts. Green Parties in Europe includes individual case studies and a comparative perspective to bring together international specialists engaged in the study of green parties. It renews and expands our knowledge about the green party family in Europe.
Table of Contents
Introduction Emilie van Haute.
Part I Case Studies
The Greens in Austria and Switzerland: two successful opposition parties Martin Dolezal
The Greens in Belgium’s federal landscape: divergent fates Marie-Catherine Wavreille and Jean-Benoit Pilet
Central and Eastern European Green parties: rise, fall and revival? E. Gene Frankland
From The Greens to European Ecology - The Greens: renaissance or more of the same? Bruno Villalba
The Green Party in Germany Sebastian Bukow
GroenLinks Gerrit Voerman and Paul Lucardie
Green parties in Finland and Sweden. Successful cases of the north? Niklas Bolin
Green parties in the south of Europe (Italy/Spain/Portugal/Greece) Roberto Biorcio
Greens in the United Kingdom and Ireland: weak but persistent Lynn Bennie
The Greens in the European parliament: evolution and cohesion Nathalie Brack and Camille Kelbel
Part II Comparative Perspective on Green Parties in Europe
Green parties and elections Caroline Close and Pascal Delwit
Green parties in government Conor Little
Green party ideology today: divergences and continuities in Germany, France and Britain Gareth Price-Thomas
Green party organisations: the difficult path from amateur-activist to professional-electoral logics Benoît Rihoux
Conclusion: Green parties in Europe: which family ties? Emilie van Haute
Emilie van Haute is Lecturer at the Université libre de Bruxelles (ULB) and a member of the Centre d'étude de la vie politique (Cevipol). Her main research interests include party membership, intra-party dynamics, participation, elections, and voting behaviour.
’Rich case studies and broad comparative analyses trace and explain the evolution and practices of Europe's Green parties as members of a common political family shaped by distinctive national contexts. This volume stands as a major contribution to the study of Green parties and their place in contemporary European democratic politics.’ R.K. Carty, The University of British Columbia, Canada ’Party research from the 1980s on has shown clearly that the greens are truly a new party family. Subsequent research zoomed in on particular cases and on particular aspects of the green parties, providing sharp but partial pictures of some of the family members. This book therefore truly fills a gap. It is a long overdue new family picture of the green political parties.’ Kris Deschouwer, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium