348 pages | 20 Color Illus. | 40 B/W Illus.
One of the key features of agricultural development in the last five decades has been intensive groundwater use in the Indo-Gangetic Basin (Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bangladesh) and in the Yellow River Basin (China). Groundwater irrigates almost 60% of the net irrigated area in South Asia and 70% in the north China plains. Groundwater use for agriculture is still increasing. Despite the growing significance of groundwater to agricultural growth, food security and rural livelihoods globally, and at the same time significant signs of limitations and constraints for further use, knowledge of the subject has remained limited. The subject includes the wider issues of socioeconomic impacts, political economy, groundwater institutions, access to other resources like energy and land, approaches to resource governance and management and specifically integrating evidence-based science into management decisions.
This book addresses these information shortfalls and provides a consolidated and cross-disciplinary source of information and documentation of realities and challenges of contemporary agricultural groundwater use and management in poverty-prone areas of Asia. It draws on primary data collected in the course of an innovative, cross-coordinated and inter-disciplinary fieldwork programme, covering those regions in Asia that significantly depend on groundwater for agricultural livelihoods. This work is essential reading for hydrogeologists, socio-economists, agro-economists and water managers working in poor countries. Donors and implementers, both government and NGO, will also learn from the experiences described in this book.
If the world's water crisis is "mainly a crisis of governance", groundwater represents the grimmest side of this crisis in Asia. - Tushaar Shah, International Water Management Institute, India
About the editors
Glossary of non-English words
Chapter 1. The role of groundwater in agriculture, livelihoods, and rural poverty alleviation in the Indo-Gangetic and Yellow River basins: A review
K.G. Villholth, A. Mukherji, B.R. Sharma & J. Wang
Chapter 2. Towards better management of groundwater resources—lessons from an integrated capacity building project in the Indo-Gangetic and Yellow River basins
Chapter 3. A comparative analysis of the hydrogeology of the Indus-Gangetic and Yellow River basins
S.K. Jain, B.R. Sharma, A. Zahid, M. Jin, J.L. Shreshtha, V. Kumar, S.P. Rai, J. Hu, Y. Luo & D. Sharma
Region specific case studies
Chapter 4. Groundwater resource issues and the socio-economic implications of groundwater use: Evidence from Punjab, Pakistan
S.M. Kori, A. Rehman, I.A. Sipra, A. Nazeer & A.H. Khan
Chapter 5. Groundwater resources and the impact of groundwater sharing institutions: Insights from Indian Punjab
V. Selvi, D. Machiwal, F. Shaheen & B.R. Sharma
Chapter 6. Groundwater resource conditions, socio-economic impacts and policy-institutional options: A case study of Vaishali District of Bihar, India
A. Islam & R.S. Gautam
Chapter 7. Groundwater resource conditions and groundwater sharing institutions: Evidence from eastern Indo-Gangetic basin, India
K.H. Anantha, D.R. Sena & A. Mukherji
Chapter 8. The impact of shallow tubewells on irrigation water availability, access, crop productivity and farmers’ income in the lower Gangetic Plain of Bangladesh
A. Zahid, M.A. Haque, M.S. Islam & M.A.F.M.R. Hasan
Chapter 9. Reaching the poor: Effectiveness of the current shallow tubewell policy in Nepal
D.R. Kansakar, D.R. Pant & J.P. Chaudhary
Chapter 10. Agricultural groundwater issues in North China: A case study from Zhengzhou Municipal Area
R. Sun, Y. Liu, Y. Qian & K.G. Villholth
Chapter 11. Groundwater use and its management: Policy and institutional options in rural areas of North China
J. Cao, X. Cheng & X. Li
Thematic issues on groundwater irrigation
Chapter 12. Anthropological perspectives on groundwater irrigation: Ethnographic evidence from a village in Bist Doab, Punjab
R. Tiwary & J.L. Sabatier
Chapter 13. Social regulation of groundwater and its relevance to the existing regulatory framework in Andhra Pradesh, India
R.V. Rama Mohan
Chapter 14. Using the living wisdom of well drillers to construct digital groundwater data bases across Indo-Gangetic basin
S. Krishnan, A. Islam, D. Machiwal, D.R. Sena & K.G. Villholth
Chapter 15. Crop per volume of diesel? The energy-squeeze on India’s small-holder irrigation
T. Shah, A. Dasgupta, R. Chaubey, M. Satpathy & Y. Singh
Chapter 16. Managing the energy-irrigation nexus in West Bengal, India
A. Mukherji, P.S. Banerjee & S. Daschowdhury
Chapter 17. Groundwater markets in the North China Plain: Impact on irrigation water use, crop yields and farmer income
L. Zhang, J. Wang, J. Huang, S. Rozelle & Q. Huang
SERIES IAH-Selected Papers
The International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) serves scientists, engineers and other professionals working in the field of groundwater resource planning, management and protection. IAH has two book series which are produced under the imprint of CRC Press in the Netherlands, part of the Taylor and Francis Group. IAH books have the common purpose of spreading the science and knowledge of hydrogeology and are products arising from IAH’s congresses and meetings, its commissions and networks, as well as a variety of other sources. Information is gathered from highly respected sources and include case studies, regional descriptions, analyses of sub-disciplines and outputs from major international programmes.
The first series is the Selected Papers, often referred to as the ‘green books’. These are collections of papers derived from Congress and other meetings which normally, but not always, were sponsored by IAH. They may also be a collection of papers derived from a programme of investigation that again need not necessarily have enjoyed direct IAH involvement.
International Contributions to Hydrogeology
The second series, International Contributions to Hydrogeology, the ‘blue books’, includes monographs on sub-disciplines of hydrogeology as well as outlets for major international investigatory programmes and collections of papers within a broad theme of international interest.