Gum Printing: A Step-by-Step Manual, Highlighting Artists and Their Creative Practice, 1st Edition (e-Book) book cover

Gum Printing

A Step-by-Step Manual, Highlighting Artists and Their Creative Practice, 1st Edition

By Christina Z Anderson


306 pages

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Paperback: 9781138101500
pub: 2016-09-01
Hardback: 9781138667372
pub: 2016-09-01
eBook (VitalSource) : 9781315656892
pub: 2016-06-17
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Gum Printing: A Step-by-Step Manual Highlighting Artists and Their Creative Practice is a two-part book on gum bichromate written by the medium’s leading expert, Christina Z. Anderson. Section One provides a step-by-step description of the gum printing process. From setting up the "dimroom" (no darkroom required!) to evaluating finished prints, it walks the reader through everything that is needed to establish a firm gum practice with the simplest of setups at home. Section Two showcases contemporary artists’ works, illustrating the myriad ways gum is conceptualized and practiced today. The works in these pages range from monochrome to colorful and from subtle to bold, representing a variety of genres, including still lifes, portraits, nudes, landscapes, urbanscapes and more. Featuring over 80 artists and 400 full-color images, Gum Printing is the most complete overview of this dynamic and expressive medium that has yet appeared in print.

Key topics covered include:

  • The history of gum
  • Simple digital negatives for gum, platinum, and cyanotype
  • Preparing supplies
  • Making monochrome, duotone, tricolor, and quadcolor gum prints
  • Printing gum over cyanotype
  • Printing gum over platinum
  • Troubleshooting gum
  • Advice on developing a creative practice

Table of Contents


Introduction to Salted Paper

1. A Brief History of Salted Paper

Section One. Salted Paper Step-by-Step

2. Setting Up the Salted Paper Dimroom

3. Digital Negatives for Salted Paper

4. Talbot’s Photogenic Drawing Process

5. Creating Your First Salted Paper Print

6. Salting and Sensitizing the Paper

7. Exposing and Processing Salted Paper

8. Toning Salted Paper

9. Advanced Techniques for Salted Paper

10. Troubleshooting Salted Paper

11. Printing Gum Over Salted Paper

12. Handcoloring and Other Creative Ideas

13. Finish, Framing, and Storing Salted paper

Section Two. Contemporary Salted Paper Artists

14. Contemporary Salted Paper Artists


About the Author

Christina Z. Anderson’s work focuses on the cultural and spiritual landscape expressed in 19th century photographic techniques, primarily gum and casein bichromate. Her work has shown nationally and internationally in over 100 shows and 40 publications. She has authored several books, two of which—The Experimental Photography Workbook and Gum Printing and Other Amazing Contact Printing Processes—have sold worldwide in 40 countries. She is co-author with Samuel Wang, S. Carl King, and Zhong Jianming of Handcrafted: The Art and Practice of the Handmade Print, now in its third printing. Anderson is Associate Professor of Photography at Montana State University, Bozeman. To see her work, visit

About the Series

Contemporary Practices in Alternative Process Photography

The Contemporary Practices in Alternative Process Photography series focuses the lens on a variety of alternative, historical processes from the medium’s 180-year history. Each book outlines a step-by-step approach to a particular medium, and features contemporary artists who use that particular process regularly in their practice. The richly illustrated books in this series serve as guidebooks for those new to alternative processes, refresher courses for professionals already familiar with each medium, and a source of inspiration for all.

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
PHOTOGRAPHY / Techniques / Darkroom
PHOTOGRAPHY / Techniques / General