Guta Lag and Guta Saga: The Law and History of the Gotlanders  book cover
SAVE
$55.50
1st Edition

Guta Lag and Guta Saga: The Law and History of the Gotlanders

Edited By

Christine Peel





ISBN 9781138804210
Published January 29, 2015 by Routledge
334 Pages

 
SAVE ~ $55.50
was $185.00
USD $129.50

Prices & shipping based on shipping country


Preview

Book Description

Guta Lag, the law of the independent island of Gotland, is one of the earliest laws of Scandinavia. The historical appendix to the law, Guta Saga, was written in the thirteenth or fourteenth century. Together, Guta Lag and its accompanying Saga provide an invaluable insight into the lives of the people living on Gotland, the largest of Sweden’s Baltic islands, in 1000-1400. Guta Lag and Guta Saga: The Law and History of the Gotlanders is the first time that these two important texts have been translated into English and combined in one edition, accompanied by an extensive commentary and historical contextualisation by Christine Peel.





In the Viking Age, the island of Gotland maintained its own law and administrative system. It was distinctive among Swedish provinces, retaining its own laws until 1645 while mainland provincial laws were all superseded by national law in the mid-fourteenth century. Preserved in eight manuscripts, it illustrates the everyday life and administrative system of the people of Gotland. Guta Saga tells the story of the island from its discovery by the legendary Þieluar, who removed the enchantment upon it which led to its inhabitation. Read together, the texts provide a complete picture of an island unique among Scandinavian provinces, offering a rare view of everyday people in medieval Scandinavia.





This innovative and timely translation will be fascinating and essential reading for scholars of Scandinavian studies and legal history.



Table of Contents

List of Figures
Medieval Nordic Laws – A General Introduction by Stefan Brink and Ditlev Tamm



Foreword – Christine Peel



Acknowledgements



List of Abbreviations



Maps





Guta lag and Guta saga



General Introduction



Gotland’s medieval historical background





Guta lag. The Law of the Gotlanders



Introduction to the Guta lag – its historical background and codicology



Preservation of Guta lag



Nature and content



The nature of Guta lag



Legal system as reflected by Guta lag



System of fines and non-monetary punishments



Oaths



Laws of inheritance



Origins



Date, place and circumstances of composition



Editions and translations of Guta lag



Previous editions



Translations



Criteria applied for the present translation





The Guta Lag – Translation



Additions



Comments to the Guta lag



Appendices



A Comparison of manuscript contents



B Chronology of historical events



C Monetary system



D Penalties exacted



E Oaths and witnesses required





Guta Saga. The History of the Gotlanders



Introduction to the Guta Saga



Historical background



Title



Preservation



Content



Oral and written sources



Date and place of composition



Authorship and circumstances of authorship



Value as a source of history



Language



Editions of Guta saga





The Guta Saga – Translation



Notes





Bibliography



Index

...
View More

Editor(s)

Biography

Christine Peel gained her PhD in Scandinavian Studies from University College London and is an expert on provincial laws in Sweden.

Reviews

"This superb edition is a major contribution to the study of legal culture in North-Western Europe. It provides a critical and scholarly view of the workings of one of the most culturally distinctive societies of the Central Middle Ages and it will serve as a key work of reference for many years to come. The insights found within this volume have resonances beyond the field of medieval studies and across the social science disciplines."

Andrew Reynolds, University College, London, UK

"Translation of laws from the Middle Ages allows us to travel in time. The Guta saga and Guta Law are primary sources for Scandinavian legal history. These ancient texts are also tremendously important for all research on medieval Gotland and the Baltic Area in general. Their valuable and entertaining contents are interesting to both the specialist and the beginner."

Henrik Williams, Uppsala University, Sweden