Handbook of Aluminum Bonding Technology and Data  book cover
1st Edition

Handbook of Aluminum Bonding Technology and Data




ISBN 9780824788179
Published June 16, 1993 by CRC Press
808 Pages

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Book Description

A reference that offers comprehensive discussions on every important aspect of aluminum bonding for each level of manufacturing from mill finished to deoxidized, conversion coated, anodized, and painted surfaces and provides an extensive, up-to-date review of adhesion science, covering all significa

Table of Contents

Preface

INTRODUCTION

Basis of Strength Development and Joint Durability in Structural Aluminum Joints

Adhesive Bonding and the Aluminum Aerospace Industry

Adhesive Bonding Developments Outside the Aerospace Industry

FACTORS AFFECTING ADHESION

Introduction to Adhesion Theories

Mechanical Interlocking Theory

Diffusion Theory

Electronic (Electrostatic) Theory

Adsorption Theory

Rheological (Viscoelastic) Theory

Techniques for Measuring Adhesion

Summary

SURFACE CHARACTERISTICS OF ALUMINUM

General Considerations

Chemical and Physical Aspects of Adhesion Between Aluminum Surfaces and Adhesives

Forms of Aluminum Oxide on the Adherend Surface

Morphology of Regenerated Oxides

Effect of Water-Rinsing Conditions After Deoxidation

Conversion Oxides

High-Temperature Thermal/Water Oxide Coatings

Boehmite Oxide and Aluminum Joint Durability

Surface Chemistry of Aluminum Affecting Bond Durability

Interaction Between the Adhesive and Aluminum Oxide

SURFACE TREATMENT OF ALUMINUM ADHERENDS

Introduction

Soil Removal-Only Procedures

Soil Removal-Abrade-Reclean Procedures

Soil Removal Plus Chemical Deoxidizing Procedures

Primers as Part of the Pretreatment Procedure for Bonding

Coupling Agents as Specialized Primers

Prepainted Aluminum Surfaces as Primed Aluminum Adherends

Specialized Treatments of Aluminum Foil

Modification of Other Adherends for Subsequent Bonding to Aluminum Ill

Addendum of Additional References

SELECTION OF AN ADHESIVE

Theoretical Considerations

Adhesive Materials and Properties

Natural and Synthetic Elastomers in Adhesives

Thermoplastic Resin Adhesives

Thermosetting Resin Adhesives

Sealant Formulations

Thermally or Electrically Conductive Adhesives

Primers for Adhesive-Bonded Aluminum Joints

Film Versus Tape Adhesive Considerations

Fire- and Flame-Resistant Adhesives and Sealants

Microbial Contamination of Adhesives

DESIGN OF ALUMINUM-BONDED JOINTS

Introduction

Stress Factors

Geometry Factors

More Complicated Joint Designs

Final Design Guidelines

MECHANISMS OF BOND JOINT FAILURE

Introduction

Polymer Surface Degradation and Polymer Stability

Elastic and Viscoelastic Adhesion Considerations

Interaction of Aluminum Surface with Polymers

Mechanics Analysis

Fracture Mechanics of Adhesive Joints

Flexible Joint Studies

Rigid Joint Studies

Effect of Joint Geometry

Peel Joint Considerations

Comparison of Different Joint Designs

Testing Temperatures and Rate Considerations

Other Bondline Characteristics Affecting Joint Failure

WATER IN THE SERVICE ENVIRONMENT

Introduction

Mechanisms of Failure

The Adhesive Pathway

Effects of Water on the Interface

Aluminum Adherend Stability Considerations

TEST EVALUATION STANDARDS

Industry Specifications and Standards

Government Standards

Additional General Information Sources

General Development of Testing Procedures

Testing of Adhesive Formulations

Testing the Properties of Joints

Nondestructive Testing Procedures (NDT Techniques)

Joint Strength Retention Procedures

Some Criticisms of Standard ASTM Testing Methods

DURABILITY OR PERMANENCE OF ALUMINUM-BONDED JOINTS

Introduction

Models Bearing on Adhesive Joint Performance

Aluminum Adherend Surface Conditions that Affect Durability

Failure Site Variabilities

Adhesive Factors Affecting Durability

Adherend Effects on Joint Durability

Effect of Adhesive Choice on Joint Durability

Joint Permanence as a Function of Surface Pretreatment

Predictability of Long-Term Joint Permanence Results in Natural Atmospheric Weathering Based on Short-Term Accelerated-Weathering Testing

Protective Coatings for Extending the Durability of Aluminum Joints

Effect of Primers on Aluminum Joint Permanence

Effect of Silanes on Aluminum Joint Permanence

Bond Permanence with Simultaneous Stress and Weathering

Bond Permanence of Combination Adhesive and Resistance Spot-Welded Joints (Weldbond)

Bond Permanence of Combination Adhesive and Rivet or Metal Clinching Joints (Rivbonds and Clinchbonds)

Bond Permanence with Contaminated Aluminum Surface Joints

Permanence of Bondments Involving Aluminum Cast Alloy Adherends

Bond Permanence of Aluminum-to-Plastic Adherend Joints

Bond Permanence of Aluminum-to-Wood Joints

Formulation of Oil-Accommodating Adhesives

Miscellaneous Technical Reports

APPLICATIONS OF ADHESIVES IN BONDING ALUMINUM STRUCTURES

Introduction

Adhesive Curing and Manufacturing Situations

Aerospace Application Bonding of Aluminum

Sandwich Panels and Laminates

Automotive, Truck, and Trailer Applications

Electric and Electronic Applications for Adhesives and Sealants

Construction Industries

Packaging Applications

Appliance Applications

Medical Applications

Sporting Goods Applications

Miscellaneous Applications and General Information Reports Relative to Use of Adhesives in Manufacturing from Adhesives Age Magazine

References

Author Index

Subject Index

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". . .A must book for anyone involved in adhesives technology. "
---Materials and Manufacturing Processes