As the world’s population is projected to reach 10 billion or more by 2100, devastating fossil fuel shortages loom in the future unless more renewable alternatives to energy are developed. Bioenergy, in the form of cellulosic biomass, starch, sugar, and oils from crop plants, has emerged as one of the cheaper, cleaner, and environmentally sustainable alternatives to traditional forms of energy. Handbook of Bioenergy Crop Plants brings together the work of a panel of global experts who survey the possibilities and challenges involved in biofuel production in the twenty-first century.
Section Oneexplores the genetic improvement of bioenergy crops, ecological issues and biodiversity, feedstock logistics and enzymatic cell wall degradation to produce biofuels, and process technologies of liquid transportation fuels production. It also reviews international standards for fuel quality, unique issues of biofuel-powered engines, life-cycle environmental impacts of biofuels compared with fossil fuels, and social concerns.
Section Twoexamines commercialized bioenergy crops, including cassava, Jatropha, forest trees, maize, oil palm, oilseed Brassicas, sorghum, soybean, sugarcane, and switchgrass.
Section Threeprofiles emerging crops such as Brachypodium, diesel trees, minor oilseeds, lower plants, Paulownia, shrub willow, sugarbeet, sunflower, and sweet potato. It also discusses unconventional biomass resources such as vegetable oils, organic waste, and municipal sludge.
Highlighting the special requirements, major achievements, and unresolved concerns in bioenergy production from crop plants, the book is destined to lead to future discoveries related to the use of plants for bioenergy production. It will assist in developing innovative ways of ameliorating energy problems on the horizon.
Section I. Conventional and Molecular Breeding for Improvement of Biofuel Crops: Past, Present, and Future. Genomics for Bioenergy Production. Genetic Engineering for Bioenergy Crops. In Planta Production of Cell Wall Degrading Enzymes. From Plant Cell Walls to Biofuels—Arabidopsis thaliana Model. Ecologically Sustainable Bioenergy Communities: Species Selection and Habitat Considerations. Biomass Harvest and Logistics. Chemical Engineering for Bioenergy Plants: Concepts and Strategies. International Fuel Quality. Biofuel Use from Bioenergy Crops: Internal Combustion Engines in Transportation. Life-Cycle Energy and Greenhouse Gas Impacts of Biofuels and Biomass Electricity. Public Policies, Economics, Public Perceptions, and the Future of Bioenergy Crops. Section II. Cassava. Jatropha. Forest Trees. Maize. Oil Palm. Oilseed Brassicas. Sorghum. Soybean.Sugarcane. Switchgrass. Section III. Brachypodium. Diesel Trees. Minor Seed Oils. Lower Plants. Paulownia. Shrub Willow. Sugarbeet. Sunflower. Sweetpotato. Organic Farm Waste and Municipal Sludge. Vegetable Oils. Index.