How do policymakers, businesses and civil society in India approach the challenge of climate change? What do they believe global climate negotiations will achieve and how? And how are Indian political and policy debates internalizing climate change? Relatively little is known globally about internal climate debate in emerging industrializing countries, but what happens in rapidly growing economies like India’s will increasingly shape global climate change outcomes.
This Handbook brings together prominent voices from India, including policymakers, politicians, business leaders, civil society activists and academics, to build a composite picture of contemporary Indian climate politics and policy. One section lays out the range of positions and substantive issues that shape Indian views on global climate negotiations. Another delves into national politics around climate change. A third looks at how climate change is beginning to be internalized in sectoral policy discussions over energy, urbanization, water, and forests. The volume is introduced by an essay that lays out the critical issues shaping climate politics in India, and its implications for global politics.
The papers show that, within India, climate change is approached primarily as a developmental challenge and is marked by efforts to explore how multiple objectives of development, equity and climate mitigation can simultaneously be met. In addition, Indian perspectives on climate negotiations are in a state of flux. Considerations of equity across countries and a focus on the primary responsibility for action of wealthy countries continue to be central, but there are growing voices of concern on the impacts of climate change on India. How domestic debates over climate governance are resolved in the coming years, and the evolution of India’s global negotiation stance are likely to be important inputs toward creating shared understandings across countries in the years ahead, and identify ways forward. This volume on the Indian experience with climate change and development is a valuable contribution to both purposes.
'An excellent handbook, which brings together so many views and perspectives from India…Importantly, it adds Indian voices to the global discussion, which has so far, seen only a smattering of voices from the South…. the handbook will play an important role in bridging some of the gaps in understanding that exist both within India and within the international community.’Jairam Ramesh, Minister, Rural Development, and Former Minister, Environment and Forests, Government of India
'The breadth of the subject treated and the depth of analyses render this book an indispensable tool for anyone working on climate change issues anywhere'.- Youba Sokona, United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (UNECA), Ethiopia
'This is a great volume, valuable not only to the debate in India but globally. Twenty years of climate diplomacy have taught us the central importance of understanding the domestic context that lies behind countries’ international positions; and also of domestic audiences understanding the impact of these positions internationally. This volume offers wide-ranging insights into both. It is the most comprehensive book yet to chart and explain the rise of climate change debates in the world’s most populous country – or indeed, in any of the major emerging economies. The Indian approach to climate change has consequences for all its citizens, and the world beyond: this is the book they need to read.' - Michael Grubb, University of Cambridge, UK
Part 1: Climate Science and Potential Impacts Part 2: Past as Prologue: Early Indian Perspectives on Climate Change Part 3: The International Climate Negotiations: Stakes, Debates and Dilemmas Part 4: Domestic Politics of Climate Change Part 5: Integrating Climate Change and Development: A Sectoral View Part 6: Looking into the Future