1st Edition

Handbook of Environmental Engineering




ISBN 9781498708616
Published September 8, 2015 by CRC Press
750 Pages 71 B/W Illustrations

USD $250.00

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Book Description

In his latest book, the Handbook of Environmental Engineering, esteemed author Frank Spellman provides a practical view of pollution and its impact on the natural environment. Driven by the hope of a sustainable future, he stresses the importance of environmental law and resource sustainability, and offers a wealth of information based on real-world observations and his many years of expert experience. The book offers a basic overview of environmental pollution, emphasizes key terms, and addresses specific concepts in advanced algebra, fundamental engineering, and statistics. The author considers socioeconomic, political, and cultural influences, and provides an understanding of how to effectively treat and prevent air pollution, implement industrial hygiene principles, and manage solid waste, water, and wastewater operations. This book addresses the cause and effect of environmental issues, and introduces concepts on how to mitigate them, comply with environmental laws, and implement practices to help prevent future damage.

  • Examines the ramifications and impacts of pollution
  • Details the multiple benefits derived from environmental remediation
  • Describes engineering controls and remediation procedures
  • Discusses various remediation techniques for environmental spills
  • Contains numerous tables and illustrations to supplement the material

Both Technical and Nontechnical

The Handbook of Environmental Engineering is written in a down-to-earth style for a wide audience, as it appeals to technical readers, consultants, and policy makers, as well as a wide range of general readers.

Table of Contents

Introduction
Environment
Environmental Equilibrium and the Fly in the Ointment
Pollution Defined
Environmental Pollution and Technology: The Connection
Environmental Administrative Laws and Regulations
Bottom Line
References and Recommended Reading

Units, Standards of Measurement, and Conversions

Units of Measurement: The Basics
Introduction to Energy
Clean Energy Parameters and Calculations
References and Recommended Reading

Math Operations Review

Introduction
Basic Math Terminology and Definitions
Sequence of Operations
Percent
Significant Digits
Powers and Exponents
Averages (Arithmetic Mean)
Ratio
Dimensional Analysis
Threshold Odor Number
Geometrical Measurements
Force, Pressure, and Head Calculations
Review of Advanced Algebra Key Terms and Concepts
Quadratic Equations
Trigonometric Ratios
References and Recommended Reading

Environmental Modeling and Algorithms

Introduction
Basic Steps for Developing an Effective Model
What Are Models Used For?
Media Material Content
Phase Equilibrium and Steady State
Math Operations and Laws of Equilibrium
Chemical Transport Systems
Algorithms: What Are They?
Dispersion Models
Screening Tools
References and Recommended Reading

Statistics Review

Statistical Concepts
Symbols, Subscripts, Basic Statistical Terms, and Calculations
Distribution
Standard Deviation
Coefficient of Variation
Standard Error of the Mean
Covariance
Simple Correlation Coefficient
Variance of a Linear Function
Sampling Measurement Variables
Sampling—Discrete Variables
Cluster Sampling for Attributes
Chi-Square Tests
Bartlett’s Test of Homogeneity of Variance
Comparing Two Groups by the t Test
Comparison of Two or More Groups by Analysis of Variance
Regression
References and Recommended Reading

Fundamental Engineering Concepts

Introduction
Resolution of Forces
Properties of Materials and Principles of Mechanics
References and Recommended Reading

Air Pollution

Introduction to Air
Components of Air: Characteristics and Properties
Air for Combustion
Air for Power
Gas Physics
Particle Physics
Collection Mechanisms
Atmospheric Chemistry and Related Phenomena
Air Quality
Air Quality Management
Clean Air Act
Clean Air Act Amendments
Air Pollution Mechanics
Major Air Pollutants
Air Pollution Control Technology
Air Pollution Control Equipment and Systems
Indoor Air Quality
Indoor Air Pollution
Indoor Air Dispersion Parameters
Common Airflow Pathways
Major Indoor Air Quality Contaminants
References and Recommended Reading

Water Pollution

Introduction to Water
Surface Water
Emerging Contaminants
Impact of Surface Water Pollution
Groundwater
Water Treatment
Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water
Wastewater Treatment
References and Recommended Reading

Soil Quality

Introduction
Evolution of Soil
What Is Soil?
Soil Pollution
USTs: The Problem
Risk Assessment
Exposure Pathways
Remediation of UST-Contaminated Soils
References and Recommended Reading

Solid and Hazardous Waste

Introduction
History of Solid Waste Regulation in the United States
Solid Waste Characteristics
Sources of Municipal Solid Wastes
What Is a Hazardous Substance?
Again, What Is a Hazardous Substance?
What Is a Hazardous Waste?
Where Do Hazardous Wastes Come From?
Why Are We Concerned about Hazardous Wastes?
Hazardous Waste Legislation
Waste Control Technology
Treatment Technologies
Ultimate Disposal
References and Recommended Reading

Industrial Hygiene

What Is Industrial Hygiene?
History of Industrial Hygiene
OSHA, NIOSH, and Industrial Hygiene
Industrial Hygiene and Workplace Stressors
Industrial Hygiene: Areas of Concern
Industrial Health Hazards
Hazard Communication
Occupational Environmental Limits
Air Monitoring and Sampling
Air Sampling for Gases and Vapors
Noise and Vibration
Radiation
Thermal Stress
Ventilation
Personal Protective Equipment
Respiratory Protection
Engineering Design and Controls for Safety
References and Recommended Reading

Glossary

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Author(s)

Biography

Frank R. Spellman, Ph.D, is a retired assistant professor of environmental health at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. The author of more than 100 books covering topics ranging from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) to all areas of environmental science and occupational health, he has been cited in more than 450 publications and is a co-author to well-recognized experts in various scientific fields. For example, he is a contributing author of The Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. Spellman holds a BA in public administration, a BS in business management, an MBA, and both an MS and a Ph.D in environmental engineering.

Reviews

"… covers environmental pollution and addresses a basic overview of environmental science and engineering including basic concepts, mathematical modeling and applied statistical analyses. … The great strength of this book is the way it presents its contents for beginners as well as for experts interested in this field of modern science. The book serves as a comprehensive source of information on a complex scientific discipline. A person with interest in this area of research will find extensive background information to prepare him/her for the rigors of a future career in this scientific area."
—Toxicology Reports, November 2015

"… provides a good basic overview of environmental engineering. … For those just entering into this field, this is an excellent introduction to mathematical terms and calculations basic to the field. What is good about this approach is the ‘step-by-step’ process in undertaking the calculations. It appears the author has a good grasp on exploring fundamental concepts for the reader."
—John Lange, Envirosafe Training and Consultants

"… A comprehensive guide covering all aspects of environmental exposure/hazards, bringing the reader to easily understand complex topics (step by step) … ideal for beginners as well as for experienced public health practitioners."
—Luca Cegolon, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK

"... well written in an easy-to-follow style that will give the engineers a broad perspective of the modern environmental issues. It is a worthy addition to the bookshelves of environmental engineers and environmental scientists."
Energy Sources, Part A, May 2016

"The Handbook of Environmental Engineering combines basic physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics with applications to environmental problems. Prolific author Spellman (formerly, environmental health, Old Dominion Univ.) covers technical and policy aspects of environmental problems in water, soil, and air. He explains the principles of traditional environmental engineering approaches, such as water and wastewater treatment, solid and hazardous waste disposal, industrial hygiene, and air pollution control. Example problems are included, but no homework problems are provided. The book could be adopted for an introductory environmental science or engineering course or used as a reference. At 700-plus pages, it offers extensive coverage of the aforementioned topics; however, the detail provided for each topic is inconsistent. The writing style is technical, but the author often makes intuitive analogies between scientific and engineering principles and everyday experiences."
CHOICE, May 2016

"Spellman, a retired professor of environmental engineering and author of over 100 books, has successfully written a handbook that is both accessible to environmental engineering students and informative for professionals and researchers in the field. Scientific and technical handbooks frequently tend to be dry reading. Spellman’s conversational tone makes this a very readable text, especially for less-experienced readers in environmental engineering. Both the conversational tone of the book and the examples and anecdotes help to draw readers into a topic and to illustrate the author’s points."
American Reference Books Annual, May 2016

"This well produced hardcover book is a welcome addition to the options for learning introductory environmental engineering. This is not a text book, but rather a tool box. Unlike similar efforts, this one has the reassuring feel of having one author stamping a common approach and philosophy throughout. There are the expected chapters on air pollution, water pollution, soil quality, and solid/hazardous waste, but also valuable chapters on industrial hygiene, statistics, and units. This is a book that an ambitious practitioner could study from to prepare for work in the field of environmental engineering without a university course on their transcript."
Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems, July 2016

"A solid overview of environmental engineering that shows the complexity of pollution and its impact on the natural environment and how to approach each of the sub-topics and disciplines that make it up. The step-by-step processes outlined allow the full range of users – from beginners to experienced practitioners – to easily grasp the fundamental concepts involved and how to put them into practice. It’s a useful introduction to a complex and difficult topic, one that will be welcomed by many investigators, particularly applied ecologists and environmental managers."
VoicePipe, November 2016