Handbook of Environmental Engineering: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Environmental Engineering

1st Edition

By Frank R. Spellman

CRC Press

726 pages | 71 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2015-09-08
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In his latest book, the Handbook of Environmental Engineering, esteemed author Frank Spellman provides a practical view of pollution and its impact on the natural environment. Driven by the hope of a sustainable future, he stresses the importance of environmental law and resource sustainability, and offers a wealth of information based on real-world observations and his many years of expert experience. The book offers a basic overview of environmental pollution, emphasizes key terms, and addresses specific concepts in advanced algebra, fundamental engineering, and statistics. The author considers socioeconomic, political, and cultural influences, and provides an understanding of how to effectively treat and prevent air pollution, implement industrial hygiene principles, and manage solid waste, water, and wastewater operations. This book addresses the cause and effect of environmental issues, and introduces concepts on how to mitigate them, comply with environmental laws, and implement practices to help prevent future damage.

  • Examines the ramifications and impacts of pollution
  • Details the multiple benefits derived from environmental remediation
  • Describes engineering controls and remediation procedures
  • Discusses various remediation techniques for environmental spills
  • Contains numerous tables and illustrations to supplement the material

Both Technical and Nontechnical

The Handbook of Environmental Engineering is written in a down-to-earth style for a wide audience, as it appeals to technical readers, consultants, and policy makers, as well as a wide range of general readers.


"… covers environmental pollution and addresses a basic overview of environmental science and engineering including basic concepts, mathematical modeling and applied statistical analyses. … The great strength of this book is the way it presents its contents for beginners as well as for experts interested in this field of modern science. The book serves as a comprehensive source of information on a complex scientific discipline. A person with interest in this area of research will find extensive background information to prepare him/her for the rigors of a future career in this scientific area."

—Toxicology Reports, November 2015

"… provides a good basic overview of environmental engineering. … For those just entering into this field, this is an excellent introduction to mathematical terms and calculations basic to the field. What is good about this approach is the ‘step-by-step’ process in undertaking the calculations. It appears the author has a good grasp on exploring fundamental concepts for the reader."

—John Lange, Envirosafe Training and Consultants

"… A comprehensive guide covering all aspects of environmental exposure/hazards, bringing the reader to easily understand complex topics (step by step) … ideal for beginners as well as for experienced public health practitioners."

—Luca Cegolon, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK

"… well written in an easy-to-follow style that will give the engineers a broad perspective of the modern environmental issues. It is a worthy addition to the bookshelves of environmental engineers and environmental scientists."

Energy Sources, Part A, May 2016

"The Handbook of Environmental Engineering combines basic physics, chemistry, biology, and mathematics with applications to environmental problems. Prolific author Spellman (formerly, environmental health, Old Dominion Univ.) covers technical and policy aspects of environmental problems in water, soil, and air. He explains the principles of traditional environmental engineering approaches, such as water and wastewater treatment, solid and hazardous waste disposal, industrial hygiene, and air pollution control. Example problems are included, but no homework problems are provided. The book could be adopted for an introductory environmental science or engineering course or used as a reference. At 700-plus pages, it offers extensive coverage of the aforementioned topics; however, the detail provided for each topic is inconsistent. The writing style is technical, but the author often makes intuitive analogies between scientific and engineering principles and everyday experiences."

CHOICE, May 2016

"Spellman, a retired professor of environmental engineering and author of over 100 books, has successfully written a handbook that is both accessible to environmental engineering students and informative for professionals and researchers in the field. Scientific and technical handbooks frequently tend to be dry reading. Spellman’s conversational tone makes this a very readable text, especially for less-experienced readers in environmental engineering. Both the conversational tone of the book and the examples and anecdotes help to draw readers into a topic and to illustrate the author’s points."

American Reference Books Annual, May 2016

"This well produced hardcover book is a welcome addition to the options for learning introductory environmental engineering. This is not a text book, but rather a tool box. Unlike similar efforts, this one has the reassuring feel of having one author stamping a common approach and philosophy throughout. There are the expected chapters on air pollution, water pollution, soil quality, and solid/hazardous waste, but also valuable chapters on industrial hygiene, statistics, and units. This is a book that an ambitious practitioner could study from to prepare for work in the ?eld of environmental engineering without a university course on their transcript."

Civil Engineering and Environmental Systems, July 2016

"A solid overview of environmental engineering that shows the complexity of pollution and its impact on the natural environment and how to approach each of the sub-topics and disciplines that make it up. The step-by-step processes outlined allow the full range of users – from beginners to experienced practitioners – to easily grasp the fundamental concepts involved and how to put them into practice. It’s a useful introduction to a complex and difficult topic, one that will be welcomed by many investigators, particularly applied ecologists and environmental managers."

VoicePipe, November 2016

Table of Contents



Environmental Equilibrium and the Fly in the Ointment

Pollution Defined

Environmental Pollution and Technology: The Connection

Environmental Administrative Laws and Regulations

Bottom Line

References and Recommended Reading

Units, Standards of Measurement, and Conversions

Units of Measurement: The Basics

Introduction to Energy

Clean Energy Parameters and Calculations

References and Recommended Reading

Math Operations Review


Basic Math Terminology and Definitions

Sequence of Operations


Significant Digits

Powers and Exponents

Averages (Arithmetic Mean)


Dimensional Analysis

Threshold Odor Number

Geometrical Measurements

Force, Pressure, and Head Calculations

Review of Advanced Algebra Key Terms and Concepts

Quadratic Equations

Trigonometric Ratios

References and Recommended Reading

Environmental Modeling and Algorithms


Basic Steps for Developing an Effective Model

What Are Models Used For?

Media Material Content

Phase Equilibrium and Steady State

Math Operations and Laws of Equilibrium

Chemical Transport Systems

Algorithms: What Are They?

Dispersion Models

Screening Tools

References and Recommended Reading

Statistics Review

Statistical Concepts

Symbols, Subscripts, Basic Statistical Terms, and Calculations


Standard Deviation

Coefficient of Variation

Standard Error of the Mean


Simple Correlation Coefficient

Variance of a Linear Function

Sampling Measurement Variables

Sampling—Discrete Variables

Cluster Sampling for Attributes

Chi-Square Tests

Bartlett’s Test of Homogeneity of Variance

Comparing Two Groups by the t Test

Comparison of Two or More Groups by Analysis of Variance


References and Recommended Reading

Fundamental Engineering Concepts


Resolution of Forces

Properties of Materials and Principles of Mechanics

References and Recommended Reading

Air Pollution

Introduction to Air

Components of Air: Characteristics and Properties

Air for Combustion

Air for Power

Gas Physics

Particle Physics

Collection Mechanisms

Atmospheric Chemistry and Related Phenomena

Air Quality

Air Quality Management

Clean Air Act

Clean Air Act Amendments

Air Pollution Mechanics

Major Air Pollutants

Air Pollution Control Technology

Air Pollution Control Equipment and Systems

Indoor Air Quality

Indoor Air Pollution

Indoor Air Dispersion Parameters

Common Airflow Pathways

Major Indoor Air Quality Contaminants

References and Recommended Reading

Water Pollution

Introduction to Water

Surface Water

Emerging Contaminants

Impact of Surface Water Pollution


Water Treatment

Arsenic Removal from Drinking Water

Wastewater Treatment

References and Recommended Reading

Soil Quality


Evolution of Soil

What Is Soil?

Soil Pollution

USTs: The Problem

Risk Assessment

Exposure Pathways

Remediation of UST-Contaminated Soils

References and Recommended Reading

Solid and Hazardous Waste


History of Solid Waste Regulation in the United States

Solid Waste Characteristics

Sources of Municipal Solid Wastes

What Is a Hazardous Substance?

Again, What Is a Hazardous Substance?

What Is a Hazardous Waste?

Where Do Hazardous Wastes Come From?

Why Are We Concerned about Hazardous Wastes?

Hazardous Waste Legislation

Waste Control Technology

Treatment Technologies

Ultimate Disposal

References and Recommended Reading

Industrial Hygiene

What Is Industrial Hygiene?

History of Industrial Hygiene

OSHA, NIOSH, and Industrial Hygiene

Industrial Hygiene and Workplace Stressors

Industrial Hygiene: Areas of Concern

Industrial Health Hazards

Hazard Communication

Occupational Environmental Limits

Air Monitoring and Sampling

Air Sampling for Gases and Vapors

Noise and Vibration


Thermal Stress


Personal Protective Equipment

Respiratory Protection

Engineering Design and Controls for Safety

References and Recommended Reading


About the Author

Frank R. Spellman, Ph.D, is a retired assistant professor of environmental health at Old Dominion University, Norfolk, Virginia. The author of more than 100 books covering topics ranging from concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) to all areas of environmental science and occupational health, he has been cited in more than 450 publications and is a co-author to well-recognized experts in various scientific fields. For example, he is a contributing author of The Engineering Handbook, 2nd ed. Spellman holds a BA in public administration, a BS in business management, an MBA, and both an MS and a Ph.D in environmental engineering.

About the Series

Applied Ecology and Environmental Management

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Environmental Science
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Environmental / General