Handbook of Estimation Methods in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Estimation Methods in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry

By Sven E. Jorgensen, B. Halling Sorensen, Henrik Mahler

Series Editor: Sven E. Jorgensen

© 1997 – CRC Press

240 pages

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Hardback: 9781566702119
pub: 1997-12-29
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About the Book

Slightly more than 100,000 chemicals are produced in such an amount that they are threatening to the environment. These include common chemicals such as household cleaners, detergents, cosmetics, medicines, and pesticides. The Handbook of Estimation Methods in Ecotoxicology and Environmental Chemistry presents estimation methods for determining a number of physicochemical, biological, and toxicological parameters for these chemicals. Included is WinTox software, an estimation tool that is quick and easy to use; it provides a good initial estimate that can be further refined. Through the estimation methods demonstrated in this book, the following urgent questions can be answered:


"Such methods are necessary because data cannot be obtained on many of the 100,000 potentially threatening synthetic chemicals. As a single source of this kind of information, the book is excellent… An excellent resource for graduate students, faculty, researchers, and professionals."


Table of Contents


Estimation of Physical-Chemical Parameters

Estimation of Critical Temperature, Boiling and Melting Points, Vapour Pressure, and Evaporation Rate

Estimation of Solubility and Partition Coefficient

Estimation of Henry's Constant, Adsorption Coefficients, and Exchange Coefficients

Estimation of Rate Coefficients of Hydrolysis and Photolysis

Application of Molecular Connectivity Index for Estimation of Physical-Chemical Parameters

Estimation of Biological Parameters

Estimation of Biodegradation Rate

Estimation of Bioconcentration, Bioaccumulation, and Biomagnification Factor

Estimation of Uptake Rate, Uptake Efficiency, and Excretion Rate

Application of Structural Similarity by Estimation of Biological Properties of Chemical Compounds

Application of Allometric Principles

Estimation of Toxicological Parameters

Estimation of LC50 and LD50 Values

Estimation of EC, MAC, and NEC Values

Estimation of Other Toxic Parameters

Estimation of Toxicological and Biological Parameter by Use of Molecular Connectivity Indices

Estimation of Toxicological Parameters by Structural Similarity

The Application of Estimation Methods in Practice

A Network of Estimation Methods


The Accuracy of WINTOX Estimations

Ecotoxicological Management


Appendix 1: Definitions

Appendix 2: Properties and Characteristics of Benchmark Chemicals

Appendix 3: Tables for Estimation of Physical-Chemical Parameters

Appendix 4: Parameters for Various Photochemical Processes and Lw = F(latitude)



About the Originator

About the Series

Environmental & Ecological (Math) Modeling

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Environmental Science