1st Edition

Handbook of Human Factors in Litigation




ISBN 9780415288705
Published December 28, 2004 by CRC Press
812 Pages 77 B/W Illustrations

USD $240.00

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Book Description

Using ergonomics in forensics can help prevent the recurrence of system failures through engineering or administrative controls. It can also raise the level of concern among professionals and the public regarding product, workplace, and service safety due to perceived exposure to liability. Even with such a potentially important and broad impact, forensic human factors is a subject that is neither taught nor systematically practiced. There is little documentation to help develop a knowledge of the field in a systematic way, nor is there a large pool of qualified practitioners.

The Handbook of Human Factors in Litigation provides a comprehensive reference that provides the tools necessary for the preparation, analysis, and presentation of forensic evidence. Compiled by experienced, internationally respected authors, this handbook represents the state-of-the-art in the application of ergonomics to forensic investigation. It contains information on the litigation process, forensic approaches and methods, important scientific data in the major application areas, and valuable case studies.

For legal and forensic practitioners, this handbook will serve as an indispensable reference and as the foundation for further development of formal study in the field. For product and workplace designers and managers, it is a useful tool in the management of exposure to liability.

Table of Contents

PREFACE
PROFESSIONAL ISSUES
The Discipline of Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics
Martin G. Helander
Preparing and Presenting Evidence in Court
Daniel A. Bronstein
Presenting Behavioral Science Data as Legal Evidence: Legal Standards that the Ergonomic and Human Factors Expert Needs to Know
Allen K. Hess
Practical Ethics for the Expert Witness in Ergonomics and Human Factors Forensic Cases
Allen K. Hess
A Roadmap for the Practice of Forensic Human Factors and Ergonomics
William B. Askren and John M. Howard
Can Training for Safe Practices Reduce the Risk of Organizational Liability?
Katherine A. Wilson, Heather A. Priest, Eduardo Salas, and C. Shawn Burke
The Influence of Daubert on Expert Witness Testimony - The Human Factors Context
Jone McFadden Papinchock and Frank J. Landy
HUMAN PERFORMANCE IN THE LEGAL CONTEXT
Reconstructing Situated Performance in Human Error Investigations
Sidney W. A. Dekker
Causation Issues in Workers' Compensation
Roger C. Jensen and Francisco J. Bricio
Legal Issues in Work-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders: A European Perspective from the U.K.
Vincent Kelly and Jason Devereux
Age and Functioning in the Legal System: Victims, Witnesses, and Jurors
Deborah Davis and Elizabeth F. Loftus
Memory for Conversation.
Deborah Davis, Markus Kemmelmeier, and William C. Follette
DRIVING ENVIRONMENTS
Human Factors in Traffic Crashes
Rudolf G. Mortimer, Richard D. Blomberg, Gerson J. Alexander, and Evelyn Vingilis
Estimating Driver Response Times
Jeffrey W. Muttart
Pedestrian Injury Issues in Litigation
Richard A. Olsen
Pedestrian Accidents in Traffic
Robert Dewar
Commercial Motor Vehicle Collisions
Dennis Wylie
Human Factors Issues in Motorcycle Collisions
P.A. Hancock, T. Oron-Gilad, and D.R. Thom
PHYSICAL AND COGNITIVE FACTORS
Perceptual-Cognitive and Biomechanical Factors in Pedestrian Falls
H. Harvey Cohen and Cindy A. LaRue
Measurement in Pedestrian Falls
Daniel Johnson
Balcony Falls
Magdalen Galley
Preplacement Strength and Capacity Assessment for Manual Materials Handling Jobs
Patrick G. Dempsey
Identifying the Real Issues in Work-Related Upper Limb Disorders
Celine McKeown
Exercise Injuries: Human Factors in Fitness Facilities
Max Hely
PRODUCT LIABILITY AND WARNINGS
Preventing "Accidental" Injury: Accountability for Safer Products by Anticipating Product Risks and User Behaviors
Stuart M. Statler
Human Factors Issues to Be Considered by Product Liability Experts
Alison G. Vredenburgh and Ilene B. Zackowitz
Products Liability Law: What Engineering Experts Need to Know *
Dick Moll
Human-Centric Approach to Forensic Analysis for System Liability
Gary M. Bakken
Product Liability for the Human Factors Practitioner
Ron Wardell
The Warning Expert
Kenneth R. Laughery and Michael S. Wogalter
Effectiveness of Consumer Product Warnings: Design and Forensic Considerations
Michael S. Wogalter and Kenneth R. Laughery
Legibility of Warnings in Color
Thomy Nilsson and Murray Kaiserman
A Human Factors View of Product Liability and Malpractice Litigation
Martin I. Kurke
HUMAN FACTORS APPLICATIONS
The Impact of Shiftwork on Manufacturing and Transportation Workers
Donald I. Tepas
Preschoolers, Adolescents, and Seniors: Age-Related Factors Pertaining to Forensic Human Factors Analyses
Ilene B. Zackowitz and Alison G. Vredenburgh
Sexual Harassment: a Forensic Human Factors Perspective
Alison G. Vredenburgh and Ilene B. Zackowitz
Health Care Forensics
Christopher Nemeth
HUMAN FACTORS TERMINOLOGY
A Guide to Forensic Human Factors Terminology
David A. Thompson, H. Harvey Cohen, Donald P. Horst, Daniel A. Johnson, and Richard A. Olsen
INDEX

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