Ever-increasing population growth has caused a proportional increased demand for water, and existing water sources are depleting day by day. Moreover, with the impact of climate change, the rates of rainfall in many regions have experienced a higher degree of variability. In many cities, government utilities have been struggling to maintain sufficient water for the residents and other users. The Handbook of Irrigation Hydrology and Management: Irrigation Methods examines and analyzes irrigated ecosystems in which water storage, applications, or drainage volumes are artificially controlled in the landscape and the spatial domain of processes varies from micrometers to tens of kilometers, while the temporal domain spans from seconds to centuries. The continuum science of irrigation hydrology includes the surface, subsurface (unsaturated and groundwater systems), atmospheric, and plant subsystems. Further, the book addresses the best practices for various types of irrigation methods including pressure, smart, surface, and subsurface, and presents solutions for water scarcity and soil salinity in irrigation.
- Offers water-saving strategies to increase the judicious use of scarce water resources
- Presents strategies to maximize agricultural yield per unit of water used for different regions
- Compares irrigation methods to offset changing weather patterns and impacts of climate change
Part I: Solutions for Water Scarcity and Soil Salinity in Irrigation. 1. Deficit Irrigation: a Solution for Water Scarcity Conditions? Jie Liu, Zhenhua Wei, Fulai Liu. 2. Irrigation Assessment: Efficiency and Uniformity. Patricia Angélica Alves Marques, Verônica Gaspar Martins Leite de Melo, José Antônio Frizzone, and Antonio Pires de Camargo. Part II: Surface Irrigation. 3. Canal Irrigation. Qin Qian and Saeid Eslamian. 4. Ditch and Furrow Irrigation. Abebech A. Beyene and Saeid Eslamian. 5. Level Basin Irrigation. Nasrin Azad, Javad Behmanesh, Vahid Rezaverdinejad, and Saeid Eslamian. Part III: Pressure Irrigation. 6. Sprinkler Irrigation Systems. Neil A. Coles, Mark R. Rivers, and Saeid Eslamian. 7. Mini-Bubbler Irrigation. Raneesh K. Y. and Saeid Eslamian. 8. Measured Irrigation. Bernie Omodei. Part VI: Subsurface Irrigation. 9. Qanat Irrigation Systems. Naser Valizadeh, Dariush Hayati, Hamid Karimi, Saeid Eslamian, and Mohammad Mohammadzadeh. 10. Subsurface Drainage/Irrigation System in Paddy Fields. Shuichiro Yoshida. 11. Picher Irrigation as a Viable Tool of Enhancing Nutrition and Livelihood of Small Scale Farmers. Jari S., Rimi T. A., Nabinta R. T., and Saeid Eslamian. 12. Pot Irrigation. Hamideh Faridi and Ghasem Zarei. Part V: Smart Irrigation. 13. Automation and Smart Irrigation. Sajjad Roshandel and Saeid Eslamian. 14. Intelligent Irrigation and Automation. Hamideh Faridi, Babak Ghoreishi, and Hamidreza Faridi. 15. Smart Irrigation in Urban Development using Treated Wastewater Irrigation System and Management. Leonor Rodríguez-Sinobas, Freddy Canales-Ide, and Sergio Zubelzu. Part VI: Water Pumps for Irrigation. 16. Water Pumps for Irrigation: an Introduction. Saeid Eslamian and Mousa Maleki. 17. Pumps for Irrigation Systems. Mahbub Hasan, Aschalew Kassu, and Saeid Eslamian. 18. Inverted Siphon Implementation Method in Karun River for Farm Water. Faramarz Ghalambaz and Saeid Eslamian.