Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures

1st Edition

By Boris I. Kharisov, Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova, Ubaldo Ortiz-Mendez

CRC Press

862 pages | 853 B/W Illus.

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As nanotechnology has developed over the last two decades, some nanostructures, such as nanotubes, nanowires, and nanoparticles, have become very popular. However, recent research has led to the discovery of other, less-common nanoforms, which often serve as building blocks for more complex structures.

In an effort to organize the field, the Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures presents an informal classification based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. A small nanotechnological encyclopedia, this book:

  • Describes a range of little-known nanostructures
  • Offers a unifying vision of the synthesis of nanostructures and the generalization of rare nanoforms
  • Includes a CD-ROM with color versions of more than 100 nanostructures
  • Explores the fabrication of rare nanostructures, including modern physical, chemical, and biological synthesis techniques

The Handbook of Less-Common Nanostructures discusses a classification system not directly related to the dimensionality and chemical composition of nanostructure-forming compounds or composite. Instead, it is based mainly on the less-common nanostructures. Possessing unusual shapes and high surface areas, these structures are potentially very useful for catalytic, medical, electronic, and many other applications.


"… a useful resource for materials scientists, particularly those interested in carbon or metal-based nanostructures, and I applaud the authors’ efforts to collect and collate this vast amount of information."

—Chemistry World, March 2013

Table of Contents

Introduction to Nanostructures

Methods for Obtaining Nanoparticles and Other Nanostructures

General Remarks on Nanoparticle Fabrication. Examples of Several Important Methods for the Synthesis of Nanoobjects. "Green" Aspects of Nanoparticle Synthesis. References.

Brief Description of Some Classic Nanostructures

Carbon-Based Nanostructures. Conventional Noncarbon Nanostructures. References.

Less-Common Nanostructures

Simple, Linear 1D, 2D, and 3D Nanostructures

Nanolines. Nanopencils. Nanodumbbells. Nanoshuttles. Nanopeapods. Nanopins. Nanochains. Nanobars. Nanowicks. Nanopillars. References.

Various Prolonged 3D Nanostructures

Nanoarrows. Nanobones. Nanobottles. Nanobricks. Nanobowlings and Nanonails. Nanocones. Nanospears. Nanospikes. References.

Circle and Ball-Type Nanostructures

Nanowheels. Nanoeggs. Nanoballs. Nanospheres. Nanograins. Nanorice. References.

Nanocage-Type Structures

Nanocages, Nanoboxes, and Nanocubes. Nanocapsules. References.

"Nanovegetation" World

Nanotrees. Nanoleaves. Nanoforests. Nanobushes. Nanomushrooms. Nanoflowers. Nanobouquets. Nanodewdrops. Nanoacorns. Nanomulberry. Broccoli-Like Architectures. Nanograsses. Nanokelps. Nanocorns. Nanocactus. Nanospines. Nanosheafs. Nanoonions. References.

"Nanoanimal" World

Nanolarvae. Nanoworms. Nanosquamae. Nanourchins. References.

"Home"-Like Nanostructures

Nanobowls. Nanocups. Nanoplates. Nanoforks. Nanospoons. Nanobrooms. Nanobrushes. Nanocarpets. Nanocombs. Nanofans. Nanospindles. Nanotroughs. Nanowebs. Other Rare "Home" Nanostructures. References.

"Nanotechnical" Structures and Devices

Nanosprings/Nanocoils/Nanospirals. Nanoairplanes, Nanopropellers, and Nanowindmills. Nanoboat. Nanosaws. Nanobridges. Nanothermometers. Nanotweezers. Nanocars and Nanotrucks. Nanobalances. Nanogrids. Nanomesh. Nanofoams. Nanojunctions. Nanopaper. Nanobatteries. E-Nose and E-Tongue. References.

Nanostructures Classified as Polyhedra

Nanotriangles. Nanosquares and Nanorectangles. Nanotetrahedra. Nanooctahedra. Nanopyramids. Nanoicosahedra. Nanododecahedra. Nanocuboctahedra. Nanocubes. Nanoprisms. References.

Other Rare Nanostructures

Nanovolcanoes. Nanosponges. Nanostars. Nanoglass Ceramics. Other Nanoobjects. References.

Selected Intriguing Topics in Nanotechnology

Coordination and Organometallic Nanomaterials

Introduction. Coordination Nanomaterials and Nanocomposites. Organometallic Nanomaterials. Nanomaterials Based on Polymers. Coordination Nanomaterials as Precursors. References.

Application of Ultrasound for Obtaining Nanostructures and Nanomaterials

Metal/Alloy-Containing Nanostructures. Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Diamond, and Fullerenes. Oxide- and Hydroxide-Containing Nanostructures. Metal Salts and Complexes. Polymeric and Macrocyclic Nanostructures/Nanocomposites. Applications in Catalysis and Degradation of Toxic Substances. Applications in Drug Delivery and Tumor Treatments. References.

Inorganic Non-Carbon Nanotubes

Applications of Inorganic Nanotubes. References.

Soluble Carbon Nanotubes

Functionalization by the Use of Elemental Metals, Inorganics, and Grignard Reagents. Functionalization of CNTs in Strong Acidic Media and with Oxygen- Containing Moieties. Functionalization with Compounds Containing Alkyl and Aromatic Moieties. Functionalization with Aliphatic and Aromatic Amine(Amido)-Containing Moieties. Functionalization with Sulfur-Containing Moieties. Functionalization with Macrocycles. Functionalization with the Use of Biomolecules. Functionalization with the Use of Polymers or Their Precursors. Special Techniques in the Synthesis and Purification of Soluble CNTs. Study of Reactivity and Physicochemical Properties of Soluble CNTs. Main Applications of Soluble CNTs. References.


Structure and Properties. Synthesis. Reactivity. Applications. References.


Synthesis Methods for Nanodiamonds. Techniques Applied to Study Structural and Electronic Properties of Nanodiamonds. Some Physical Properties of Nanodiamonds. Chemical Properties and Functionalization of Nanodiamonds. Nanodiamond Films and Composite Materials. Applications. References.


Porphyrin-Containing Fulleropyrrolidines. Fulleropyrrolidines with Sulfur-Containing Groups. Ferrocene-Containing Fulleropyrrolidines. Fulleropyrrolidine Bis- and Tris-Adducts. Enzyme-Containing Fulleropyrrolidines. Polymer-Containing Fulleropyrrolidines. Other Intriguing Fulleropyrrolidines. C70-Pyrrolidines. Carbon Nanotubes, Functionalized with Pyrrolidines. Applied Techniques to Study Fulleropyrrolidines. Applications. Appendix A: Selected Modified Methods of Cycloaddition. References.

Small Fullerenes C20<n<60 and Endohedral Metallofullerenes M@Cn

Stability of Fullerenes Lower Than C60 and Their Spectral and Electronic Properties. Structures of Small Fullerenes. Electronic Transport, Mechanism, and Growth Studies. Synthesis, Sorption, and Encapsulation. Metal (or X = H, Hal, C, BN)–Small Fullerene Endohedral Complexes. References.

Nanomesh and Nanohoneycomb Structures


Nanometals and Nanoalloys


Nanostructured Metals in General. References.

Activated Micro- and Nanostructured Rieke Metals


General Characteristics of Rieke Methods. Synthesis of Highly Reactive Rieke Metal Powders. References.

Bi- and Trimetallic Nanoparticles Based on Gold and Iron

Metallic Iron Core/Au Shell and Alloy Nanoparticles. FexOy /Au Nanoparticles. Trimetallic Nanoparticles on the Fe-Au Basis. References.

Metallic Nanoalloys

Theoretical Calculations. Main Methods of the Synthesis of Nanoalloys. Main Applications of Nanoalloys. References.

Nanostructured Forms of Bismuth

Synthesis of Various Bismuth Nanoforms. Main Properties of Bismuth Nanoforms. Main Applications of Bismuth Nanoforms. References.

Final Remarks (Conclusions and Future Outlook)



About the Authors


Boris Ildusovich Kharisov, Dr. Hab.

Dr. Boris I. Kharisov (born in 1964, in Russia, has lived in Mexico from 1994, and naturalized in Mexico in 2003) is currently a Professor and Researcher at the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL). He took part in the liquidation of the consequences of the Chernobyl accident, working in the contaminated zone in 1987. Degrees: An MS in 1986, in radiochemistry and a PhD in inorganic chemistry in 1993, from the Moscow State University, Russia; Dr. Hab. in physical chemistry in 2006 from Rostov State University, Russia. Memberships: Mexican Academy of Science, National Researchers System (Level II), Materials Research Society.

He is the co-author of four books, three book chapters, 121 articles, and has two patents. He is co-editor of three invited special issues of international journals, and is the member of the editorial board of four journals. His specialties include coordination and inorganic chemistry, phthalocyanines, ultrasound, and nanotechnology.

Dr. Kharisov has three children. His biography was published in: "Who is Who in the World", "Outstanding People of the Twentieth Century", and more.

Oxana Vasilievna Kharissova, Ph. D.

Dr. Oxana V. Kharissova (born in 1969 in Ukraine, former USSR, has lived in Mexico from 1995, and naturalized in Mexico in 2004) is currently a Professor and Researcher at the UANL. Degrees: An MS in 1994, in crystallography from Moscow State University, Russia, and a Ph.D. in Materials from the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Mexico. Memberships: National Researchers System (Level I), Materials Research Society. She is the co-author of one book, 57 articles, and has two patents. Her specialties include nanotechnology (carbon nanotubes, nanometals, fullerenes), and crystallography.

Ubaldo Ortiz-Mendez, Ph. D.

Native of Durango, Mexico, Dr. Ubaldo Ortiz-Méndez, is currently the Academic Provost for the Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León. His bachelor degree in Physics was granted by the UANL in 1981, and his Ph.D. in Materials Engineering was granted by the Institut National des Sciences Appliqués INSA in 1984, in Lyon, France. Due to his work in research and publications, he has been awarded with the UANL Research Award thrice, in 1996, 2000, and 2001, also the State Government of Nuevo Leon has awarded him, with the TECNOS Award in 1994 and 2000, for several of his research works. For his academic achievement the Education Board of the French Republic has given him the proclamation of Knight of the Order of Academic Palms in 2009. He currently remains teaching at the UANL, where he has been for over 20 years.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / General
SCIENCE / Solid State Physics