First published in 1988: This easy-to-read handbook provides a comprehensive review of the current knowledge on lichens. The structure of lichens and their dual nature is explained, as well as the physiology of interaction of the symbionts. The way lichens reproduce and their ecology is included, with methods for cultivating them and their isolated symbionts. Extremely useful as a text of lichenology, this handbook will benefit students of lichenology and allied fields, those interested in symbiotic associations and ecology, and teachers of biology, botany, and ecology courses.
Section 1: Introduction
1. The True nature Lichens – A Historical Survey
Section 2: Lichen Components
2A. The Fungal Partner
David L. Hawksworth
2B. The Algal Partner
Section 3: The Lichen Thallus
3. The Lichen Thallus
Hans Martin Jahns
Section 4: The Fungus-Alga Relation
4. The Fungus-Alga Relation
Section 5: Reproduction
5A. Asci, Ascopores and Acomata
Andre Bellemere and Marie Agnes Letrouit-Gallinou
5B. Conidiomata, Conidiogenesis, and Conidia
David L. Hawksworth
Section 6: Lichen Physiology
6A. Carbon Metabolism
6B. Nitrogen Metabolism
Amar Nath Rai
6C. Lichen Enzymology
Carlos Vicente and Maria Estrella Legaz
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