With the tightening of fire regulations, flame retardants have been added to all petroleum-based industrial and consumer goods. As a result, such chemicals have been found ubiquitous in the environment and humans. In recent years, the phase-out of some "legacy" flame retardants has prompted syntheses and large-scale production of a variety of new flame retardants, causing a new wave of environmental monitoring and research on these "emerging" chemicals. This book describes the advances in this field. The authors have compiled the mass spectra of all 209 congeners of polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) and around 100 other halogenated and phosphate flame retardant chemicals.
Table of Contents
Section 1. Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers (N = 209). Section 2. Polybrominated biphenyls, phenols and anisoles (N > 50). Section 3. Other Brominated Flame Retardants (N > 25). Section 4. Chlorinated and Mixed Halogenated Flame Retardants (N > 20). Section 5. Phosphate Flame Retardants (N > 16). Section 6. Miscellaneous Organic Flame Retardants. Table I. Mass Transition with Collision Energy in Electron Impact Ionization Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry. Chemical Name Index. CAS Number Index. Molecular Weight Index. EI Mass Spectral Peak Index. ECNI Mass Spectral Peak Index. EI-MS/MS Mass Spectral Peak Index.
Dr. An Li is a professor of environmental chemistry in the Division of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, School of Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago. Her major research is on the transport and fate of persistent organic pollutants in the environment, as well as the human exposure and health effects of such chemicals. To date, Dr. Li has published two books (ISBN 978-1-118-11176-5, and ISBN 978-0-08-045132-9), about 70 journal articles, and numerous other publications.
Dr. Huan He is an associate research fellow of environmental chemistry in the Department of Environmental Science, School of the Environment, Nanjing University. His research is on the analytical method, the transport and fate of Persistent Toxic Substances in the environment. Dr. He has published more than 30 journal articles.
Dr. Hua Wei is a senior analytical chemist at 3M. His PhD research at University of Illinois at Chicago was focused on environmental chemistry. He had a post-doc training in mass spectrometry-based chemical analysis at University of Illinois at Chicago and Cornell University.
Dr. Da Chen is an assistant professor at the Cooperative Wildlife Research Laboratory and Department of Zoology, Southern Illinois University. His research focuses on the elucidation of the sources and fate of chemicals of emerging concern (CECs) in the environment and the exposure of humans and wildlife to CECs.