Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology: 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology

3rd Edition

Edited by Mohammad Pessarakli

CRC Press

1,031 pages | 133 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2014-03-21
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Continuous discoveries in plant and crop physiology have resulted in an abundance of new information since the publication of the second edition of the Handbook of Plant and Crop Physiology, necessitating a new edition to cover the latest advances in the field. Like its predecessors, the Third Edition offers a unique, complete collection of topics in plant and crop physiology, serving as an up-to-date resource in the field. This edition contains more than 90 percent new material, and the remaining 10 percent has been updated and substantially revised.

Divided into nine parts to make the information more accessible, this handbook covers the physiology of plant and crop growth and development, cellular and molecular aspects, and production processes. It addresses the physiological responses of plants and crops to environmental stresses, heavy metals, and agrichemicals; presents findings on small RNAs in response to temperature stress; and discusses the use of bioinformatics in plant/crop physiology. The book deals with the impacts of rising CO2 levels and climate change on plant/crop growth, development, and production. It also offers guidance on plants and crops that can be successfully cultivated under more stressful conditions, presented in six chapters that examine alleviation of future food security issues.

With contributions from 105 scientists from 17 countries, this book provides a comprehensive resource for research and for university courses, covering plant physiological processes ranging from the cellular level to whole plants. The content provided can be used to plan, implement, and evaluate strategies for dealing with plant and crop physiology problems. This edition includes numerous tables, figures, and illustrations to facilitate comprehension of the material as well as thousands of index words to further increase accessibility to the desired information.

Table of Contents

Part I Physiology of Plant/Crop Growth and Development Stages

Cell Cycle Regulation and Plant Development: A Crop Production Perspective

Paolo A. Sabelli

Seed Dormancy, Germination, and Seedling Recruitment in Weedy Setaria

Jack Dekker

Alterations in Structural Organization Affect the Functional Ability of Photosynthetic Apparatus

Emilia L. Apostolova and A.N. Misra

Photoperiodic Control of Flowering in Plants

Faqiang Wu and Yoshie Hanzawa

Role of Alternative Respiratory Pathway in Plants: Some Metabolic and Physiological Aspects

Elena V. Garmash

Growth Orientation of Underground Shoots: Stolons and Rhizomes and Aboveground Creeping Shoots in Perennial Herbaceous Plants

Alexander M. Markarov and Tamara K. Golovko

Structure and Metabolism of Underground Shoots in Perennial Rhizome-Forming Plants

Svetlana P. Maslova

Evaluating and Managing Crops Water Requirement

Zohrab Samani

Part II Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Plant/Crop Physiology

Biochemistry and Physiology of Carbon Partitioning in Crop Plants

Claudia V. Piattoni, Carlos M. Figueroa, Valeria E. Perotti, Florencio E. Podestá, and Alberto A. Iglesias

Role of Nitric Oxide in Plant Development

Dagmar Procházková and Nad’a Wilhelmová

Mitochondria in Plant Physiology

Farhad Ghavami, Ali Soltani, Penny M.A. Kianian, and Shahryar F. Kianian

Signaling Molecules Involved in the Postharvest Stress Response of Plants: Quality Changes and Synthesis of Secondary Metabolites

Luis Cisneros-Zevallos, Daniel A. Jacobo-Velázquez, Jean-Claude Pech, and Hisashi Koiwa

Part III Plant/Crop Physiology and Physiological Aspects of Plant/Crop Production Processes

Quantifying Immediate Carbon Export from Leaves Predicts Source Strength

Evangelos Demosthenes Leonardos and Bernard Grodzinski

Physiology of Grain Development in Cereals

Muhammad Farooq, Abdul Wahid, and Kadambot H.M. Siddique

C-Repeat Transcription Factors as Targets for the Maintenance of Crop Yield under Suboptimal Growth Conditions

Keshav Dahal, Khalil Kane, Fathey Sarhan, Leonid V. Savitch, Jas Singh, Bernard Grodzinski, and Norman P.A. Hüner

Physiology of Crop Productivity in Cold Climate

Galina N. Tabalenkova and Tamara K. Golovko

Rates of Processes of Essential Plant Nutrients

Thomas W. Crawford, Jr.

Some Interactions of Mineral Nutrients and Organic Substances in Plant Nutrition

Thomas W. Crawford, Jr.

Part IV Physiological Responses of Plants/Crops under Stressful (Salt, Drought, Heat, Nutrient Deficiency, and Other Environmental Stresses) Conditions

Role of Polyamines in Plant Abiotic Stress Responses

Bhaskar Gupta, Kamala Gupta, and Bingru Huang

Physiological and Biochemical Mechanisms of Plant Tolerance to Heat Stress

David Jespersen and Bingru Huang

Drought Resistance in Small Grain Cereal Crops

Moustafa Eldakak, Mukhtar Ahmed, Muhammad Asif, Sanaa I.M. Milad, Ali I. Nawar, Zohra Aslam, Aakash Goyal, and Jai S. Rohila

Drought Physiology of Forage Crops

M. Anowarul Islam and Augustine K. Obour

Effect of Drought/Water Stress and Adaptation of Unintended Consequences on Wheat Growth and Development in Pakistan

Ijaz Rasool Noorka

Physiological Mechanisms of Nitrogen Absorption and Assimilation in Plants under Stressful Conditions

Rama Shanker Dubey, Rajneesh Kumar Srivastava, and Mohammad Pessarakli

Effects of Hyperosmotic Salinity on Protein Patterns and Enzyme Activities

Hans-Werner Koyro, B. Huchzermeyer, and Christian Zörb

Reactive Oxygen Species Generation, Hazards, and Defense Mechanisms in Plants under Environmental (Abiotic and Biotic) Stress Conditions

Pallavi Sharma, Ambuj Bhushan Jha, Rama Shanker Dubey, and Mohammad Pessarakli

Implications of Oxidative Stress for Crop Growth and Productivity

Abdul Wahid, Muhammad Farooq, and Kadambot H. M. Siddique

Physiological and Biophysical Responses of Plants under Low and Ultralow Temperatures

Jiří Zámečník and Miloš Faltus

Stress Tolerance in Some European Resurrection Plants (Haberlea rhodopensis and Ramonda sp.)

Iliya Denev, Detelin Stefanov, Maria Gevezova, Ina Kirilova, Katya Georgieva, Maya Kurteva, and Galina Panayotova

Salinity and Amenity Horticulture

Atif Riaz and Peter M. Martin

Physiological Responses of Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) to Salt Stress

Mohammad Pessarakli

Isoprenoid Biosynthesis in Higher Plants and Green Algae under Normal and Light Stress Conditions

Parisa Heydarizadeh, Justine Marchand, Mohammad Reza Sabzalian, Martine Bertrand, and Benoît Schoefs

Part V Physiological Responses of Plants/Crops to Heavy Metal Concentration and Agrichemicals

Metal Nanoparticles in Plants: Formation and Action

Elena Masarovicˇová, Katarína Král’ová, and Smita Sachin Zinjarde

Arsenic Toxicity and Tolerance Mechanisms in Crop Plants

Pallavi Sharma, Ambuj Bhushan Jha, and Rama Shanker Dubey

Part VI Physiology of Plant/Crop Genetics and Development

Small RNAs in Crop Response to Temperature Stress Noncoding RNAs in Plants

Galina Yahubyan, Elena Apostolova, Ivan Minkov, and Vesselin Baev

Part VII Bioinformatics and Using Computer Modeling in Plant Physiology

Comparative Genomics of Grass Genomes Using CoGe

Eric Lyons, Matthew D. Bomhoff, Shannon L. Oliver, and Andrew J. Lenards

Part VIII Plants/Crops Growth Responses to Environmental Factors and Climatic Changes

Carbon Dioxide, Climate Change, and Crops in the Twenty-First Century: The Dawn of a New World

Glen M. MacDonald

Part IX Future Promises: Plants and Crops Adaptation and Biotechnological Aspects of Plants/Crops Improvement

CAM Plants as Crops: Adaptable, Metabolically Flexible, and Highly Productive Cultivars

Karina E.J. Trípodi, Florencio E. Podestá, Carlos M. Figueroa, Claudia V. Piattoni, Alberto A. Iglesias, and Valeria E. Perotti

Advances in Improving Adaptation of Common Bean and Brachiaria Forage Grasses to Abiotic Stresses in the Tropics

Idupulapati Madhusudana Rao

Improving Maize Production under Drought Stress: Traits, Screening Methods, and Environments

Gerald N. De La Fuente, Ivan Barrero, Seth C. Murray, Tom Isakeit, and Michael V. Kolomiets

New Approaches to Turfgrass Nutrition: Humic Substances and Mycorrhizal Inoculation

Ali Nikbakht and Mohammad Pessarakli

Use of Sewage in Agriculture and Related Activities

Manal El-Zohri, Awatief F. Hifney, Taha Ramadan, and Refat Abdel-Basset

Water and Crops: Molecular Biologists’, Physiologists’, and Plant Breeders’ Approach in the Context of Evergreen Revolution

Ijaz Rasool Noorka and J.S. Heslop-Harrison


About the Editor

Dr. Mohammad Pessarakli is a professor in the School of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, at the University of Arizona, Tucson, USA. His work at the University of Arizona includes research and extension services as well as teaching courses in turfgrass science, management, and stress physiology. Dr. Pessarakli is a certified professional agronomist and certified professional soil scientist, and he is a United Nations Consultant in Agriculture for underdeveloped countries. He is the editor of four books, is the author or coauthor of 135 journal articles and 55 trade magazine articles, has written 18 book chapters, and is an editorial board member of the Journal of Plant Nutrition, Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis,and the Journal of Agricultural Technology.

About the Series

Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment

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Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Life Sciences / Botany
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Agriculture / General