Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics: 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics

1st Edition

Edited by Simon Iwnicki, Simon Iwnicki

CRC Press

548 pages | 458 B/W Illus.

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pub: 2006-05-22
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Description

Understanding the dynamics of railway vehicles, and indeed of the entire vehicle–track system, is critical to ensuring safe and economical operation of modern railways. As the challenges of higher speed and higher loads with very high levels of safety require ever more innovative engineering solutions, better understanding of the technical issues and use of new computer based tools is required. Encompassing the field from historical development to state-of-the-art modeling and simulation methods, Simon Iwnicki’s Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics sets a new standard of authority and practicality in the study of railway vehicle dynamics.

Drawing on the experiences and research of leading international experts, this critical reference surveys the main areas of railway vehicle dynamics. Through mathematical analysis and practical examples, it builds a deep and functional understanding of the wheel–rail interface, suspension and suspension component design, simulation and testing of electrical and mechanical systems, interaction with surrounding infrastructure, and noise and vibration. In-depth discussions deconstruct the components of both vehicle and track systems, explain their contribution to dynamic behavior, and evaluate the advantages and disadvantages of various practical solutions. The book also considers the unique issues of railway tribology, gauging, and derailment.

Coverage of computer models, test procedures, roller rigs, and scale testing completes this essential handbook. Whether for the newcomer or the seasoned professional, the Handbook of Railway Vehicle Dynamics is an indispensable tool for modern railway vehicle design.

Table of Contents

Introduction; Simon Iwnicki

Aims

Introduction to the Aims of Handook

Structure of the Handbook

A History of Railway Vehicle Dynamics; Alan Wickens

Introduction

Coning and the Kinematic Oscillation

Concepts of Curving

Hunting and the Empirical Development of the Bogie

Interaction between Vehicle and Track

Innovations for Improved Steering

Carter

Wheel–Rail Geometry

Matsudaira

The ORE Competition

Creep

The Complete Solution of the Hunting Problem

Modern Research on Curving

Dynamic Response to Track Geometry

Suspension Design Concepts and Optimisation

Derailment

The Development of Computer Simulation

Active Suspensions

The Expanding Domain of Rail Vehicle Dynamics

References

The Anatomy of Railway Vehicle Running Gear; Anna Orlova and Yuri Boronenko

Main Functions of the Running Gear and Terminology

Bogie Components

Common Passenger Vehicle Bogie Designs

Common Freight Wagon Bogie Designs

Common Tram Bogie Designs

Principles of Selecting Suspension Parameters

Advanced Bogie Designs

References

Wheel–Rail Contact; Jean Bernard Ayasse and Hugues Chollet

Introduction

The Normal Contact

The Tangent Problem

Contact Forces in the Railway Context

Appendix 4.1: Kinematic Movement: The Klingel Formula

Appendix 4.2: Kinematic Hunting and Equivalent Conicity

Appendix 4.3: The Circle Theory

Appendix 4.4: Analysis of Y/Q and Nadal’s Criteria

Nomenclature

References

Tribology of the Wheel–Rail Contact; Ulf Olofsson and Roger Lewis

Introduction

Contact Conditions at the Wheel–Rail Contact

Wear and Other Surface Damage Mechanisms

Friction

Lubrication and Surface Coatings

Acknowledgments

References

Track Issues; Tore Dahlberg

The Railway Track as a Dynamic System

Function of the Track

Dynamic Properties of the Track

Dynamic Properties of Track Components

Summary

Acknowledgements

References

Gauging Issues; David M. Johnson

Philosophy and History of Gauging

Components of Gauging

Interaction between Gauging Components

References

Railway Vehicle Derailment and Prevention; Huimin Wu and Nicholas Wilson

Introduction

History and Statistics

Railway Vehicle Derailment Mechanisms and Safety Criteria

Prediction of Derailment

Prevention of Derailment

References

Longitudinal Train Dynamics; Colin Cole

Introduction

Modelling Longitudinal Train Dynamics

Interaction of Longitudinal Train and Lateral/Vertical Wagon Dynamics

Longitudinal Train Crashworthiness

Longitudinal Comfort

Train Management and Driving Practices

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

Nomenclature

References

Noise and Vibration from Railway Vehicles; David Thompson and Chris Jones

Introduction

Rolling Noise

Reducing Rolling Noise

Impact Noise

Curve Squeal

Other Sources of Noise

Vehicle Interior Noise

Ground-Borne Vibration and Noise

Vibration Comfort on Trains

References

Active Suspensions; R.M. Goodall and T.X. Mei

Introduction

Basics of Active Suspensions

Tilting Trains

Active Secondary Suspensions

Active Primary Suspensions

Technology

The Long Term Trends

Nomenclature

References

Simulation; Oldrich Polach, Mats Berg, and Simon Iwnicki

Introduction

Modelling Vehicle–Track Interaction

Simulation Methods

Computer Simulation

Dynamics in Railway Vehicle Engineering

Conclusions

Acknowledgments

Nomenclature

References

Field Testing and Instrumentation of Railway Vehicles; Julian Stow and Evert Andersson

Introduction

Common Transducers

Test Equipment Configuration and Environment

Data Acquisition

Measurement of Wheel and Rail Profiles

Track Geometry Recording

Examples of Vehicle Laboratory and Field Tests

References

Roller Rigs; Weihua Zhang, Huanyun Dai, Zhiyun Shen, and Jing Zeng

Introduction

The History of Roller Rigs

The Test Technique and Classification of Roller Rigs

Examples of Roller Rigs

Operation and Results

Conclusions

References

Scale Testing; P.D. Allen

Introduction

A Brief History of Scaled Roller Rigs

Survey of Current Scaled Roller Rigs

Roller Rigs: The Scaling Problem

Scaling Errors

Conclusions

Acknowledgements

References

Index

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCI041000
SCIENCE / Mechanics / General
TEC007000
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Electrical
TEC009020
TECHNOLOGY & ENGINEERING / Civil / General