Handbook of Soil Sciences : Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition book cover
2nd Edition

Handbook of Soil Sciences
Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition

ISBN 9781439803073
Published November 17, 2011 by CRC Press
830 Pages 12 Color & 260 B/W Illustrations

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Book Description

An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions.

Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources.

Critical elements addressed in each section include:

  • Descriptions of concepts and theories
  • Definitions, approaches, methodologies, and procedures
  • Data in tabular and figure format
  • Extensive references

This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.

Table of Contents

Soil Physical, Chemical, and Biological Interfacial Interactions

Introduction; Pan Ming Huang and Antonio Violante

The Role of Synchrotron Radiation in Elucidating the Biogeochemistry of Metal(loids) and Nutrients at Critical Zone Interfaces; Donald L. Sparks and Matthew Ginder-Vogel

Clay–Organic Interactions in Soil Environments; Guodong Yuan and Benny K.G. Theng

Nanoscale Science and Technology in Soil Science; Patricia A. Maurice

Impacts of Environmental Nanoparticles on Chemical, Biological, and Hydrological Processes in Terrestrial Ecosystems; Nikolla P. Qafoku

Enzymatic Activity as Inf luenced by Soil Mineral and Humic Colloids and Its Impact on Biogeochemical Processes; L. Gianfreda, M.A. Rao, and M. Mora

Biogeochemical, Biophysical, and Biological Processes in the Rhizosphere; Philippe Hinsinger, Davey L. Jones, and Petra Marschner

Mineralogical, Physicochemical, and Microbiological Controls on Soil Organic Matter Stabilization and Turnover; Ingrid Kögel-Knabner and Markus Kleber

Impact of Soil Physical, Chemical, and Biological Interactions on the Transformation of Metals and Metalloids; Antonio Violante, M. Pigna, V. Cozzolino, and Pan Ming Huang

Soil Physicochemical and Biological Interfacial Processes Governing the Fate of Anthropogenic Organic Pollutants; Kun Yang and Baoshan Xing

Impact of Soil Physicochemical and Biological Reactions on Transport of Nutrients and Pollutants in the Critical Zone; Jon Chorover

Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition

Introduction; James J. Camberato

Bioavailability of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, and Si; Nanthi Bolan, Ross Brennan, Dedik Budianta, James J. Camberato, Ravi Naidu, William L. Pan, Andrew Sharpley, Donald L. Sparks, and Malcolm E. Sumner

Soil Acidity and Liming; T. Jot Smyth

Soil Fertility Evaluation; J. Thomas Sims and Joshua McGrath

Fundamentals of Fertilizer Application; David B. Mengel and George W. Rehm

Nutrient and Water Use Efficiency; Kefyalew Girma and William Raun

Nutrient Interactions in Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition; William L. Pan

Interdisciplinary Aspects of Soil Science

Introduction; G.J. Levy

Saline and Boron-Affected Soils; R. Keren

Sodicity; Guy J. Levy

Soil Water Repellency; Stefan H. Doerr and Richard A. Shakesby

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands; P.W. Inglett, K.R. Reddy, W.G. Harris, and E.M. D’Angelo

Acid Sulfate Soils; L.A. Sullivan, R.T. Bush, E.D. Burton, C.J. Ritsema, and M.E.F. van Mensvoort

Water Erosion; Dino Torri and Lorenzo Borselli

Wind Erosion; D.W. Fryrear

Land Application of Wastes; David M. Miller and W.P. Miller

Conservation Tillage; Paul W. Unger and Humberto Blanco-Canqui

Soil Quality; Stephanie A. Ewing and Michael J. Singer

Soil Databases

Introduction; Marion F. Baumgardner

Qualitative and Quantitative Aspects of World and Regional Soil Databases and Maps; Freddy O. Nachtergaele, Vincent W.P. van Engelen, and Niels H. Batjes

United States Soil Survey Databases; Jim R. Fortner and Alan B. Price

Integrated Digital, Spatial, and Attribute Databases for Soils in Brazil; Carlos Eduardo Pellegrino Cerri, Carlos Gustavo Tornquist, Martial Bernoux, Miguel Cooper, Gerd Sparovek, Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos, and Carlos Clemente Cerri

Development and Use of Soil Maps and Databases in China; Gan-Lin Zhang and Yun-Jin Wu

Soil Geographic Database of Russia; Sergey A. Shoba, Vyacheslav A. Rozhkov, Irina O. Alyabina, Varvara M. Kolesnikova, Inga S. Urusevskaya, Erik N. Molchanov, Vladimir S. Stolbovoi, Boris V. Sheremet, and Dmitry E. Konyushkov

Learning about Soil Resources with Digital Soil Maps; Darrell G. Schulze, Phillip R. Owens, and George E. Van Scoyoc

Soil Databases in Africa; D.G. Paterson and N.M. Mushia


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Dr. Pan Ming Huang was the professor of soil science emeritus at the University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada, and served for 44 years in that institution. His research work has significantly advanced the frontiers of knowledge on the formation chemistry, nature, and surface reactivity of mineral colloids, organic matter, and organomineral complexes in soils and sediments and their role in the dynamics, transformations, and fate of nutrients, toxic metals, and xenobiotics in terrestrial and aquatic environments. His research findings, embodied in well over 300 refereed scientific publications, are fundamental to the development of sound strategies for managing land and water resources in the Earth’s critical zone.

Dr. Yuncong Li is the University of Florida Research Foundation (UFRF) professor of soil science in the Department of Soil and Water Science at the Tropical Research and Education Center, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), University of Florida in Homestead. He is also an affiliated professor at the University of Florida’s Center for Tropical Agriculture, Hydrologic Sciences Academic Cluster, School of Natural Resources and Environment, and Water Institute. His research and extension program focuses on water and soil quality monitoring, assessment and remediation, management practices to improve nutrient use efficiency, and nutrient cycling in soils/sediments. He has authored or coauthored over 150 research papers, 70 extension articles, and 15 book chapters. He recently edited a book, Water Quality Concepts, Sampling, and Analyses (CRC Press, 2010). He serves as an associate editor for Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology and Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis.

Dr. Malcolm E. Sumner is the Regents’ Professor of Environmental Soil Science Emeritus in the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences at the University of Georgia, Athens. His published works cover a wide range of topics, including subsoil acidity, the agricultural uses of gypsum, diagnosis of yield-limiting factors, beneficial use of anthropogenic wastes, and transport of nutrients in soils. A widely respected author, Dr. Sumner’s works include Soil Acidity (Springer-Verlag, 1991), Soil Crusting: Chemical and Physical Processes (Lewis Publishers, 1992), Suelos de la Agroindustria Cafetalera de Guatemala (University of Georgia, 1994), Distribution, Properties and Management of Australian Sodic Soils (CSIRO Publications, 1995), Sodic Soils: Distribution, Properties, Management, and Environmental Consequences (Oxford University Press, 1998), and the Handbook of Soil Sciences (CRC Press, 1999). He has authored or coauthored over 350 scientific papers, including 220 refereed journal articles, and has contributed chapters to over 30 books.


"[The first volume] is a hefty tome separated into five sections: soil physics, chemistry, mineralogy, biology and biochemistry, and pedology. … Each chapter is a rich resource for choosing and discovering methodologies and understanding developments in soil science, and provides a database for equations needed in soil science. Non-soil scientists should not dismiss these handbooks since many chapters cross disciplines. … The list of authors for each chapter is truly impressive, with contributions from many eminent soil scientists. … The second volume contains a further 33 chapters broken into four parts: soil physical, chemical and biological interfacial interactions; soil fertility and plant nutrition; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science; and soil databases. Again, the calibre of the authors is exemplary and the comments made for the first volume apply equally to the second. … this is now my first ‘go to’ text for soil science and will be invaluable as a resource. I would highly recommend that libraries update their first edition and with these two new volumes."
—TJ Clough, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 2013, Vol. 56, No. 1, 91-92.