830 pages | 12 Color Illus. | 260 B/W Illus.
An evolving, living organic/inorganic covering, soil is in dynamic equilibrium with the atmosphere above, the biosphere within, and the geology below. It acts as an anchor for roots, a purveyor of water and nutrients, a residence for a vast community of microorganisms and animals, a sanitizer of the environment, and a source of raw materials for construction and manufacturing. To develop lasting solutions to the challenges of balanced use and stewardship of the Earth, we require a fundamental understanding of soil—from its elastic, porous three-phase system to its components, processes, and reactions.
Handbook of Soil Sciences: Resource Management and Environmental Impacts, Second Edition is the second of two volumes that form a comprehensive reference on the discipline of soil science. Completely revised and updated to reflect the current state of knowledge, this volume covers interfacial interactions between the physical, chemical, and biological regimes within the soil; the factors that control the availability of plant nutrients and microelements; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science, including salinity, sodicity, and soil erosion; and soil databases for assessing worldwide soil resources.
Critical elements addressed in each section include:
This cohesive handbook provides a thorough understanding of soil science principles and practices based on a rigorous, complete, and up-to-date treatment of the subject matter compiled by leading scientists. It is a resource rich in data, offering professional soil scientists, agronomists, engineers, ecologists, biologists, naturalists, and students their first point of entry into a particular aspect of the soil sciences.
"[The first volume] is a hefty tome separated into five sections: soil physics, chemistry, mineralogy, biology and biochemistry, and pedology. … Each chapter is a rich resource for choosing and discovering methodologies and understanding developments in soil science, and provides a database for equations needed in soil science. Non-soil scientists should not dismiss these handbooks since many chapters cross disciplines. … The list of authors for each chapter is truly impressive, with contributions from many eminent soil scientists. … The second volume contains a further 33 chapters broken into four parts: soil physical, chemical and biological interfacial interactions; soil fertility and plant nutrition; interdisciplinary aspects of soil science; and soil databases. Again, the calibre of the authors is exemplary and the comments made for the first volume apply equally to the second. … this is now my first ‘go to’ text for soil science and will be invaluable as a resource. I would highly recommend that libraries update their first edition and with these two new volumes."
—TJ Clough, Lincoln University, Canterbury, New Zealand, New Zealand Journal of Agricultural Research, 2013, Vol. 56, No. 1, 91-92.
Soil Physical, Chemical, and Biological Interfacial Interactions
Introduction; Pan Ming Huang and Antonio Violante
The Role of Synchrotron Radiation in Elucidating the Biogeochemistry of Metal(loids) and Nutrients at Critical Zone Interfaces; Donald L. Sparks and Matthew Ginder-Vogel
Clay–Organic Interactions in Soil Environments; Guodong Yuan and Benny K.G. Theng
Nanoscale Science and Technology in Soil Science; Patricia A. Maurice
Impacts of Environmental Nanoparticles on Chemical, Biological, and Hydrological Processes in Terrestrial Ecosystems; Nikolla P. Qafoku
Enzymatic Activity as Inf luenced by Soil Mineral and Humic Colloids and Its Impact on Biogeochemical Processes; L. Gianfreda, M.A. Rao, and M. Mora
Biogeochemical, Biophysical, and Biological Processes in the Rhizosphere; Philippe Hinsinger, Davey L. Jones, and Petra Marschner
Mineralogical, Physicochemical, and Microbiological Controls on Soil Organic Matter Stabilization and Turnover; Ingrid Kögel-Knabner and Markus Kleber
Impact of Soil Physical, Chemical, and Biological Interactions on the Transformation of Metals and Metalloids; Antonio Violante, M. Pigna, V. Cozzolino, and Pan Ming Huang
Soil Physicochemical and Biological Interfacial Processes Governing the Fate of Anthropogenic Organic Pollutants; Kun Yang and Baoshan Xing
Impact of Soil Physicochemical and Biological Reactions on Transport of Nutrients and Pollutants in the Critical Zone; Jon Chorover
Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition
Introduction; James J. Camberato
Bioavailability of N, P, K, Ca, Mg, S, and Si; Nanthi Bolan, Ross Brennan, Dedik Budianta, James J. Camberato, Ravi Naidu, William L. Pan, Andrew Sharpley, Donald L. Sparks, and Malcolm E. Sumner
Soil Acidity and Liming; T. Jot Smyth
Soil Fertility Evaluation; J. Thomas Sims and Joshua McGrath
Fundamentals of Fertilizer Application; David B. Mengel and George W. Rehm
Nutrient and Water Use Efficiency; Kefyalew Girma and William Raun
Nutrient Interactions in Soil Fertility and Plant Nutrition; William L. Pan
Interdisciplinary Aspects of Soil Science
Introduction; G.J. Levy
Saline and Boron-Affected Soils; R. Keren
Sodicity; Guy J. Levy
Soil Water Repellency; Stefan H. Doerr and Richard A. Shakesby
Biogeochemistry of Wetlands; P.W. Inglett, K.R. Reddy, W.G. Harris, and E.M. D’Angelo
Acid Sulfate Soils; L.A. Sullivan, R.T. Bush, E.D. Burton, C.J. Ritsema, and M.E.F. van Mensvoort
Water Erosion; Dino Torri and Lorenzo Borselli
Wind Erosion; D.W. Fryrear
Land Application of Wastes; David M. Miller and W.P. Miller
Conservation Tillage; Paul W. Unger and Humberto Blanco-Canqui
Soil Quality; Stephanie A. Ewing and Michael J. Singer
Introduction; Marion F. Baumgardner
Qualitative and Quantitative Aspects of World and Regional Soil Databases and Maps; Freddy O. Nachtergaele, Vincent W.P. van Engelen, and Niels H. Batjes
United States Soil Survey Databases; Jim R. Fortner and Alan B. Price
Integrated Digital, Spatial, and Attribute Databases for Soils in Brazil; Carlos Eduardo Pellegrino Cerri, Carlos Gustavo Tornquist, Martial Bernoux, Miguel Cooper, Gerd Sparovek, Maria de Lourdes Mendonça-Santos, and Carlos Clemente Cerri
Development and Use of Soil Maps and Databases in China; Gan-Lin Zhang and Yun-Jin Wu
Soil Geographic Database of Russia; Sergey A. Shoba, Vyacheslav A. Rozhkov, Irina O. Alyabina, Varvara M. Kolesnikova, Inga S. Urusevskaya, Erik N. Molchanov, Vladimir S. Stolbovoi, Boris V. Sheremet, and Dmitry E. Konyushkov
Learning about Soil Resources with Digital Soil Maps; Darrell G. Schulze, Phillip R. Owens, and George E. Van Scoyoc
Soil Databases in Africa; D.G. Paterson and N.M. Mushia