2nd Edition

Handbook of Superconductivity Processing and Cryogenics, Volume Two

    624 Pages 481 B/W Illustrations
    by CRC Press

    This is the second of three volumes of the extensively revised and updated second edition of the Handbook of Superconductivity. The past twenty years have seen rapid progress in superconducting materials, which exhibit one of the most remarkable physical states of matter ever to be discovered. Superconductivity brings quantum mechanics to the scale of the everyday world where a single, coherent quantum state may extend over a distance of metres, or even kilometres, depending on the size of a coil or length of superconducting wire. Viable applications of superconductors rely fundamentally on an understanding of this intriguing phenomena and the availability of a range of materials with bespoke properties to meet practical needs. While the first volume covers the fundamentals of superconductivity and the various classes of superconducting materials, Volume 2 covers processing of the desired superconducting materials into desired forms: bulks, films, wires and junction-based devices. The volume closes with articles on the refrigeration methods needed to put the materials into the superconducting state.


    Key Features:

    • Covers the depth and breadth of the field
    • Includes contributions from leading academics and industry professionals across the world
    • Provides hands-on guidance to the manufacturing and processing technologies

    A comprehensive reference, the handbook is suitable for both graduate students and practitioners in experimental physics, materials science, and multiple engineering disciplines, including electronic and electrical, chemical, mechanical, metallurgy and others.






    PART E Processing

    E1 Introduction to Processing Methods

    Kazumasa Iida

    E2 Introduction to Section E2: Bulk Materials

    Kazumasa Iida

    E2.1 Introduction to Bulk Firing Techniques

    Mark O. Rikel and Frank N. Werfel

    E2.2 (RE)BCO Melt Processing Techniques: Fundamentals of the Melt Process

    Yunhua Shi and David A. Cardwell

    E2.3 Melt Processing Techniques: Melt Processing for BSCCO

    Jun-ichi Shimoyama

    E2.4 Growth of Superconducting Single Crystals

    Debra L. Kaiser and Lynn F. Schneemeyer

    E2.5 Growth of A15 Type Single Crystals and Polycrystals and Their Physical Properties

    René Flükiger

    E2.6 Irradiation

    Harald W. Weber

    E2.7 Superconductors in Future Accelerators: Irradiation Problems

    René Flükiger, Tiziana Spina, Francesco Cerutti, Amalia Ballarino, and Luca Bottura

    E3 Introduction to Section E3: Processing of Wires and Tapes

    Jianyi Jiang

    E3.1 Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound Bi-2212

    Jianyi Jiang and Eric E. Hellstrom

    E3.2 Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound Bi,Pb(2223)

    Kenichi Sato

    E3.3 Highlights on Tl(1223)

    Athena Safa Sefat

    E3.4 Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound YBCO

    Judith L. MacManus-Driscoll

    E3.5 Processing of High Tc Conductors: The Compound Hg(1223)

    Ayako Yamamoto

    E3.6 Overview of High Field LTS Materials (Without Nb3Sn)

    René Flükiger

    E3.7 Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Alloy Nb–Ti

    Lance D. Cooley, Peter J. Lee, and David C. Larbalestier

    E3.8 Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compound Nb3Sn

    Ian Pong

    E3.9 Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compound Nb3Al

    Takao Takeuchi, Akihiro Kikuchi, Nobuya Banno, and Yasuo Iijima

    E3.10 Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compounds PbMo6S8 and SnMo6S8

    Bernd Seeber

    E3.11 Processing of Low Tc Conductors: The Compound MgB2

    Akiyasu Yamamoto and René Flükiger

    E3.12 Processing Pnictide Superconductors

    Jeremy D. Weiss and Eric E. Hellstrom

    E4 Introduction to Section E4: Thick and Thin Films

    François Weiss and Michael Lorenz

    E4.1 Substrates and Functional Buffer Layers

    Bernhard Holzapfel and Jörg Wiesmann

    E4.2 Physical Vapor Thin-Film Deposition Techniques

    Roger Wördenweber

    E4.3 Chemical Deposition Processes for REBa2Cu3O7 Coated Conductors

    François Weiss and Carmen Jimenez

    E4.4 High Temperature Superconductor Films: Processing Techniques

    Paul Seidel and Volker Tympel

    E4.5 Processing and Manufacture of Josephson Junctions: Low-Tc

    Sergey K. Tolpygo, Thomas Schurig, and Johannes Kohlmann

    E4.6 Processing and Manufacture of Josephson Junctions: High-Tc

    Aleksander I. Braginski and Brian H. Moeckly

    E5 Introduction to Section E5: Superconductor Contacts

    Kazumasa Iida

    E5.1 Superconductor to Normal-Metal Contacts

    Jack W. Ekin

    E5.2 Resistive High Current Splices

    Christian Scheuerlein

    E5.3 Persistent Mode Joints

    Susie Speller, Timothy Davies, and Chris Grovenor

    PART F Refrigeration Methods

    F1 Introduction to Part F: Refrigeration Methods

    Ray Radebaugh

    F1.1 Review of Refrigeration Methods

    Ray Radebaugh

    F1.2 Pulse Tube Cryocoolers

    John M. Pfotenhauer and Xiaoqin Zhi

    F1.3 Gifford–McMahon Cryocoolers

    Mingyao Xu and Ralph Longsworth

    F1.4 Microcooling

    Marcel ter Brake and Haishan Cao

    F1.5 Cooling with Liquid Helium

    John M. Pfotenhauer




    David A. Cardwell, David C. Larbalestier, Aleksander Braginski