Handbook of Venous and Lymphatic Disorders Guidelines of the American Venous Forum, Fourth Edition
The Handbook of Venous Disorders, first published in 1996, is a handbook for all clinicians and surgeons who are involved with the investigation, evaluation, or management of venous and lymphatic diseases or malformations. These disorders include varicose veins, venous ulcers, DVT, lymphedema, and pulmonary embolism, as well as damage to the veins through trauma or tumor growth. The new edition has been completely updated to bring the book in line with current teaching practices.
Part 1 BASIC CONSIDERAT IONS OF VENOUS DISORDERS: Venous and lymphatic disease: An historical review. Development and anatomy of the venous system. The physiology and hemodynamics of the normal venous circulation. Classification and etiology of chronic venous disease. The pathophysiology and hemodynamics of chronic venous insufficiency of the lower limb. Pathogenesis of varicose veins and cellular pathophysiology of chronic venous insufficiency. Venous ulcer formation and healing at cellular levels. Acute and chronic venous thrombosis: Pathogenesis and new insights. Epidemiology and risk factors of acute venous thrombosis. Epidemiology of chronic venous disorders. Part 2 DIAGNOSTIC EVALUAT IONS AND VENOUS IMAGING STUDIES: Evaluation of hypercoagulable states and molecular markers of acute venous thrombosis. Duplex ultrasound scanning for acute venous disease. Duplex ultrasound scanning for chronic venous obstruction and valvular incompetence. Evaluation of venous function by indirect noninvasive testing (plethysmography). Direct contrast venography. Computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging in venous disease. Part 3 MANAGEMENT OF ACUTE THROMBOSIS: The clinical presentation and natural history of acute deep venous thrombosis. Diagnostic algorithms for acute deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Medical treatment of acute deep venous thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. Catheter-directed thrombolysis, mechanical thrombectomy, and surgery for the treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis. Endovascular and surgical management of acute pulmonary embolism. Treatment algorithms for acute venous thromboembolism: Current guidelines. Current recommendations for the prevention of deep venous thrombosis. Axillo-subclavian venous thrombosis in the setting of thoracic outlet syndrome. Acute central venous thrombosis in the setting of central lines, pacemaker wires, and dialysis catheters. Indications, techniques, and results of inferior vena cava filters. Superficial thrombophlebitis. Mesenteric vein thrombosis. Part 4 MANAGEMENT OF CHRONIC VENOUS DISORDERS: Clinical presentation and assessment of patients with venous disease. Diagnostic algorithm for telangiectasia, varicose veins, and venous ulcers: Current guidelines. Compression therapy for venous ulceration. Drug treatment of varicose veins, venous edema, and ulcers. Liquid sclerotherapy for telangiectasia and varicose veins. Percutaneous laser therapy of telangiectasia and varicose veins. Foam sclerotherapy for ablation of the saphenous veins, varicose tributaries, and perforating veins. Techniques and results of the modern surgical treatment of the incompetent saphenous vein. Radiofrequency treatment of the incompetent saphenous vein. Laser treatment of the incompetent saphenous vein. Emerging endovenous technology for chronic venous disease: Mechanical occlusion chemically assisted ablation, cyanoacrylate embolization, and v block-assisted sclerotherapy. Phlebectomy. Recurrent varicose veins: Etiology and management. Treatment of varicose veins: Current guidelines. Surgical repair of primary deep vein valve incompetence. Surgical treatment of post-thrombotic valvular incompetence. Endovascular reconstruction for primary iliac vein obstruction. Endovascular treatment of post-thrombotic iliofemoral venous obstruction. Endovascular reconstruction of inferior vena cava obstructions. Open surgical reconstructions for non-malignant occlusion of large veins. The management of incompetent perforating veins with open and endoscopic surgery. Radiofrequency and laser treatment of incompetent perforating veins. Local treatment of venous ulcers. Guidelines for the treatment of chronic venous disease in patients with venous ulcers. Part 5 SPECIAL VENOUS PROBLEMS: Surgical and endovenous treatment of superior vena cava syndrome. Management of traumatic injuries of large veins. Primary and secondary tumors of the inferior vena cava and the iliac veins. Arteriovenous malformations: Evaluation and treatment. The management of venous malformations. The management of venous aneurysms. Management of pelvic congestion syndrome and perineal varicosities. The management of nutcracker syndrome. Part 6 LYMPHEDEMA: Lymphedema: Pathophysiology, classification, and clinical evaluation. Lymphoscintigraphy, lymphangiography, magnetic resonance imaging. Lymphedema: Physical and medical therapy. Principles of the surgical treatment of chronic lymphedema. Medical and open surgical management of chylous disorders. Part 7 ISSUES IN VENOUS DISEASE: Outcome assessment in acute venous disease. Outcomes assessment for chronic venous disease. Summary of guidelines of the American Venous Forum.