This is a book about policing styles in the broadest sense, looking at zero tolerance policing at one extreme and 'softer' approaches to policing at the other. It is particularly concerned to explore the dilemmas and moral ambiguities inherent in the tensions between different policing approaches. Rather than seeking to juxtapose 'hard' and 'soft' policing styles the guiding thread of the book is the notion that policing is both pervasive and insidious. Different policing styles, whether conducted by the public police service, private security or social work agencies, are all part of a multi-agency corporate crime control industry which provides the essential context for an understanding of these different approaches.
1. Introduction: policing contemporary society by Roger Hopkins Burke Part 1: Policing Contemporary Communities 2. Zero tolerance in New York City: hard questions for a get-tough policy by Andrew Karmen 3. Policing incivilities in Germany by Alick Whyte 4. Over-policing and under-policing social exclusion by Chris Crowther 5. Policing British Asian communities by Colin Webster 6. Discipline and flourish: probation and the new correctionalism by Paul Sparrow and David Webb 7. 'Softly, softly', private security and the policing of corporate space by Mark Button Part 2: Policing Contemporary Offences 8. Using crackdowns constructively in crime reduction by Nick Tilley 9. Tackling the roots of theft: reducing tolerance toward stolen goods markets by Mike Sutton 10. Stalking the stalker: a review of policing strategies by Lorna White Sansom 11. Policing financial crime: the Financial Services Authority and the myth of the 'duped investor' by Basia Spalek 12. Hard coating, soft centre? The role of the police in Dordrecht offender rehabilitation programmes by Mandy Shaw Part 3: Democracy, Accountability and Human Rights 13. What's law got to do with it? Some reflections on the police in light of developments in New York City by Graham Smith 14. Policing and the Human Rights Act 1998 by John Wadham and Kavita Modi 15. Human rights v. community rights: the case of the Anti- Social Behaviour Order by Roger Hopkins Burke and Ruth Morrill 16. Conclusion: policing contemporary society revisited by Roger Hopkins Burke