Health Policies in Interwar Europe: A Transnational Perspective, 1st Edition (Hardback) book cover

Health Policies in Interwar Europe

A Transnational Perspective, 1st Edition

By Josep L. Barona


178 pages

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Hardback: 9780815370918
pub: 2018-08-10
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pub: 2018-08-06
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Research into public health policies and expert instruction has been oriented traditionally in the national context. There is a rich historiography that analyses the development of health policies and systems in various European and American countries during the first decades of the twentieth century. What is often ignored, however, is the study of the great many connections and circulations of knowledge, people, technologies, artefacts and practices during that period between countries. This book redresses that balance.

Table of Contents



List of Abbreviations

  1. Health policies in the twentieth century: a transnational issue
  2. Why transnational history?

    Circulating science and technology

    The civilising process and homo hygienicus

  3. Historical origins of health policies
  4. From public health to social medicine: the political dimension of disease

    The birth of public health

    International diplomacy and national institutions

    The Office Internationale d’Hygiène Publique and the League of Nations

  5. Networks of experts: national policies and transnational actors
  6. Health and international diplomacy

    Creating expert knowledge

    Public health experts as transnational actors

  7. The relevance of international organisations
  8. Transnational actors guiding health research and health policies: the historical context of national health institutes

    Legitimising arguments: moral values, health, and economy

  9. Research for the nation: national institutes of hygiene
  10. Bacteriology, a cornerstone for colonial medicine

    Origins and impact of the Pasteur Institute

    Robert Koch-Institut in Berlin

    London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine and national research institutes in Britain

    Social medicine and sanitary policies in Hungary

    National Institute of Hygiene and Public Health in Poland

    Central Institute of Hygiene in Belgrade

    Prague as a social hygiene laboratory

    Alfonso XIII National Institute of Hygiene in Madrid

    Public health institutes in Scandinavia

  11. Instructing the experts: national schools of public health
  12. Teaching the experts: more than a national issue

    National schools and public health experts

    The international model: Johns Hopkins School of Public Health in Baltimore

    Teaching hygiene in European nations: France, Great Britain, Germany, the Netherlands, Poland, Rumania, Hungary, Yugoslavia, and Spain

    International initiatives: courses in London and Paris

    The great failure: École Internationale d’Hautes Études d’Hygiène [International School of Advanced Studies in Hygiene]

  13. Final comments and conclusions

Sources and bibliography


About the Author

Josep L. Barona is Professor of the History of Science and leader of the research group Sanhisoc/Health in Society at the Universidad de Valencia, Spain.

About the Series

Routledge Studies in the History of Science, Technology and Medicine

Studies in the History of Science Technology and Medicine aims to stimulate research in the field, concentrating on the twentieth century. It seeks to contribute to our understanding of science, technology and medicine as they are embedded in society, exploring the links between the subjects on the one hand, and the cultural, economic, political and institutional contexts of their genesis and development on the other. Within this framework, and while not favouring any particular methodological approach, the series welcomes studies which examine relations between science, technology, medicine and society in new ways, e.g. the social construction of technologies, large technical systems.

Learn more…

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
HISTORY / Europe / Spain & Portugal
HISTORY / Social History
MEDICAL / Health Care Delivery
MEDICAL / Health Policy