Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Third Edition, 3rd Edition (Hardback) book cover

Heat Exchangers

Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Third Edition, 3rd Edition

By Sadik Kakaç, Hongtan Liu, Anchasa Pramuanjaroenkij

CRC Press

631 pages | 163 B/W Illus.

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Heat exchangers are essential in a wide range of engineering applications, including power plants, automobiles, airplanes, process and chemical industries, and heating, air conditioning and refrigeration systems. Revised and updated with new problem sets and examples, Heat Exchangers: Selection, Rating, and Thermal Design, Third Edition presents a systematic treatment of the various types of heat exchangers, focusing on selection, thermal-hydraulic design, and rating.

Topics discussed include:

  • Classification of heat exchangers according to different criteria
  • Basic design methods for sizing and rating of heat exchangers
  • Single-phase forced convection correlations in channels
  • Pressure drop and pumping power for heat exchangers and their piping circuit
  • Design solutions for heat exchangers subject to fouling
  • Double-pipe heat exchanger design methods
  • Correlations for the design of two-phase flow heat exchangers
  • Thermal design methods and processes for shell-and-tube, compact, and gasketed-plate heat exchangers
  • Thermal design of condensers and evaporators

This third edition contains two new chapters. Micro/Nano Heat Transfer explores the thermal design fundamentals for microscale heat exchangers and the enhancement heat transfer for applications to heat exchanger design with nanofluids. It also examines single-phase forced convection correlations as well as flow friction factors for microchannel flows for heat transfer and pumping power calculations. Polymer Heat Exchangers introduces an alternative design option for applications hindered by the operating limitations of metallic heat exchangers. The appendices provide the thermophysical properties of various fluids.

Each chapter contains examples illustrating thermal design methods and procedures and relevant nomenclature. End-of-chapter problems enable students to test their assimilation of the material.


Praise for the Bestselling Second Edition

The first edition of this work gathered in one place the essence of important information formerly scattered throughout the literature. The second edition adds the following new information: introductory material on heat transfer enhancement; an application of the Bell-Delaware method; new correlation for calculating heat transfer and friction coefficients for chevron-type plates; revision of many of the solved examples and the addition of several new ones.


Table of Contents

Classification of Heat Exchangers

Recuperation and Regeneration

Transfer Processes

Geometry of Construction

Heat Transfer Mechanisms

Flow Arrangements


Selection of Heat Exchangers

Basic Design Methods of Heat Exchangers

Arrangement of Flow Paths in Heat Exchangers

Basic Equations in Design

Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

LMTD Method for Heat Exchanger Analysis

The ε-NTU Method for Heat Exchanger Analysis

Heat Exchanger Design Calculation

Variable Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient

Heat Exchanger Design Methodology

Forced Convection Correlations for the Single-Phase Side of Heat Exchangers

Laminar Forced Convection

The Effect of Variable Physical Properties

Turbulent Forced Convection

Turbulent Flow in Smooth Straight Noncircular Ducts

Effect of Variable Physical Properties in Turbulent Forced Convection

Summary of Forced Convection in Straight Ducts

Heat Transfer from Smooth-Tube Bundles

Heat Transfer in Helical Coils and Spirals

Heat Transfer in Bends

Heat Exchanger Pressure Drop and Pumping Power

Tube-Side Pressure Drop

Pressure Drop in Tube Bundles in Crossflow

Pressure Drop in Helical and Spiral Coils

Pressure Drop in Bends and Fittings

Pressure Drop for Abrupt Contraction, Expansion, and Momentum Change

Heat Transfer and Pumping Power Relationship

Micro/Nano Heat Transfer

PART A—Heat Transfer for Gaseous and Liquid Flow in Microchannels

Introduction of Heat Transfer in Microchannels

Fundamentals of Gaseous Flow in Microchannels

Engineering Applications for Gas Flow

Engineering Applications of Single-Phase Liquid Flow in Microchannels

PART B—Single-Phase Convective Heat Transfer with Nanofluids

Introduction of Convective Heat Transfer with Nanofluids

Thermal Conductivity of Nanofluids

Thermal Conductivity Experimental Studies of Nanofluids

Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids

Analysis of Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids

Experimental Correlations of Convective Heat Transfer of Nanofluids

Fouling of Heat Exchangers


Basic Considerations

Effects of Fouling

Aspects of Fouling

Design of Heat Exchangers Subject to Fouling

Operations of Heat Exchangers Subject to Fouling

Techniques to Control Fouling

Double-Pipe Heat Exchangers

Thermal and Hydraulic Design of Inner Tube

Thermal and Hydraulic Analysis of Annulus

Parallel–Series Arrangements of Hairpins

Total Pressure Drop

Design and Operational Features

Design Correlations for Condensers and Evaporators


Film Condensation on a Single Horizontal Tube

Film Condensation in Tube Bundles

Condensation Inside Tubes

Flow Boiling

Shell-and-Tube Heat Exchangers

Basic Components

Basic Design Procedure of a Heat Exchanger

Shell-Side Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

Compact Heat Exchangers

Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop

Gasketed-Plate Heat Exchangers

Mechanical Features

Operational Characteristics

Passes and Flow Arrangements


Heat Transfer and Pressure Drop Calculations

Thermal Performance

Condensers and Evaporators

Shell and Tube Condensers

Steam Turbine Exhaust Condensers

Plate Condensers

Air-Cooled Condensers

Direct Contact Condensers

Thermal Design of Shell-and-Tube Condensers

Design and Operational Considerations

Condensers for Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning

Evaporators for Refrigeration and Air-Conditioning

Thermal Analysis

Standards for Evaporators and Condensers

Polymer Heat Exchangers

Polymer Matrix Composite Materials (PMC)


Application of Polymers in Heat Exchangers

Polymer Compact Heat Exchangers

Potential Applications for Polymer Film Compact Heat Exchangers

Thermal Design of Polymer Heat Exchangers

Appendix A

Appendix B


About the Authors

Sadik Kakac is a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Miami, Florida. Hongtan Liu is professor and the director of the Dorgan Solar Energy and Fuel Cell Laboratory, also at the University of Miami. Anchasa Pramuanjaroenkij is assistant professor at Kasetsart University, Chalermphrakiat Sakon Nakhon Province Campus, Thailand.

Subject Categories

BISAC Subject Codes/Headings:
SCIENCE / Chemistry / Industrial & Technical
SCIENCE / Mechanics / Dynamics / Thermodynamics